Watson's Theory of Human Caring

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Watson’s Theory of Human Caring

Watson’s Theory of Human Caring
Human caring is what sets nursing apart from other professions. As Watson (1998) stated, “care and love are the most universal, the most tremendous and the most mysterious of cosmic forces: they comprise the primal universal psychic energy. Caring is the essence of nursing and the most central and unifying focus for nursing practice” (p. 32-33). It is important to establish a good nurse-patient relationship in order to create a healing environment that would meet patient’s needs on all levels including physical, mental/emotional and spiritual, promote recovery, maintain health, and create positive outcomes. Jean Watson emphasized the importance of human caring and how it influenced nursing practice. This paper aims to define caring moment, discuss background and major concepts of Watson’s theory of human caring, and describe a clinical experience of a patient-nurse interaction with personal reflection.
Caring Moment The caring moment happens when the nurse and patient come together with their unique life histories and enter into the human-to-human transaction in a given focal point in space and time (Caruso, Cisar, & Pipe, 2008). The actual caring occasion has a greater field of its own in a given moment; the process goes beyond itself, yet arises from aspects of itself that become part of the life history of each person, as well as part of some larger, more complex pattern of life (Watson, 2012). The caring moment can be influenced by the actions and choices made by either the one being cared for or the one caring and it becomes “transpersonal” when “an actual caring moment can be present in the life of both the nurse and person beyond the physical instance of the given point in time. Thus, a caring moment transcends time, space, and physicality” Watson, 2012, p. 73).…...

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