Vocal Performances in American Stand-Up Comedy

In: English and Literature

Submitted By kandae
Words 2318
Pages 10
Ekke Kanda
English 112 Vocal Performances in American Stand-Up Comedy
In “Sounding Gendered: Vocal Performances”, Tom Delph-Janiurek argues that peoples voices are mediated by discourse (Giltrow 277). He explains that voices are interpreted through attribution to recognizable performances of roles and gendered and sexualized performances (Giltrow 276). According to Delph-Janiurek, voices are limited within the confines of certain societal hegemonic norms. He explains that the relationship between voices and bodies is not necessarily physiological; voices are vocal “performances”. There exists a pre-established gender duality within society, in which masculinity and the “male” voice is associated with the male body, and femininity and the “female” voice is associated with the female body. Thus, what is considered to be a “natural” voice is merely a choice made by an individual as to which of the two sides of duality they identify with more (Gamson).
This choice is a representation of a gendered and sexualized identity that is influenced by discourse. Gender norms dictate that males identify with the more masculine voice, with a lower pitch and only slight increases in intonation. The stereotypical female voice, on the other hand, is more high pitched, with more variation in intonation (Bonds-Raacke). With this in consideration, Delph Janiurek’s thesis is that voices have a “geography”, and that they can be authored in a certain way within certain societal “spaces” (Giltrow 276). In other words, certain situations demand misperformance of hegemonic gender roles in the form of voice alteration. Delph-Janiurek’s argument is limited in the sense that it does not conduct enough research into different types of social roles in order to properly consider the effectiveness of vocal performance within them. Different geographical spaces have different expectations…...

Similar Documents

I Stand Here Ironing

...In Tillie Olson’s, I Stand Here Ironing, a mother is contemplating what type of life she had given to her nineteen year-old daughter, Emily. From the time Emily was born, and especially after her father had left them, Emily’s mother did what she could to provide for her daughter. She even had to go to the extent of sending her away to Emily’s father’s home so she could remain home and make money. The story was heralded by the emerging women's movement of the early 1960s as an example of the difficulty of some women's lives and as a portrayal of the self-doubt many mothers suffer when they know their children are not receiving all the attention they deserve. Also, the Great Depression hit many families hard; a lot of them were splitting up in the hopes to make things more affordable. Although our nation is not going another depression, families are still being split up to ease the financial burden. Sometimes, families go their separate ways to escape their financial problems. The iron was a significant piece of the story. The irons of that time were said to be heavy and not like the ones we use today. The iron represents the effort that the mother put into providing a quality lifestyle for her daughter. The process of ironing reflects the actual lifestyle that Emily and her mother had lived. When “pressing” clothes, one must first sure the iron is hot enough. Since the irons back then probably were not electric, they had to be heated on something that was already hot, like a...

Words: 804 - Pages: 4

Stand Up

...feel uncomfortable. He still doesn’t tell her because he’s not obligated to. In scene 2, Portia says, “Being so fathered and so husbanded? Tell me your counsels. I will not disclose ‘em” (II.i.296-298) She is pleading him to tell her what is causing him to be down but still he is not telling her anything. Portia feels as if she is his wife and she needs to know. Brutus knows this is hurting his dear wife, still he will not disclose the secret. Caesar makes order to Calpurnia, his wife, and she follows. In the beginning of Act I Scene iii, he gives his wife orders and she obeys. He calls for her and she replies here my master and does as it says. In scene 1, Caesar calls for Calpurnia and makes an order. He says, “Calpurnia! Here my lord. Stand you directly in Antonius’ way. When doth run his course” (I.ii.3-5) Caesar is making orders Calpurnia and by Calpurnia being his wife, she will obey. The tragedy of Julius Caesar broadly displays a woman’s role in Ancient Rome through the only two women in the play, Portia and Calpurnia, the faithful wives of Brutus and Caesar. However, Portia is praised, honored and appreciated by her husband Brutus, but Calpurnia is not appreciated by Caesar because she cannot have children with Caesar. He sees her more as an ornament than a wife which shows his character and what’s important to him....

Words: 1017 - Pages: 5

Romantic Comedy

...Romantic comedy is a popular genre that depicts burgeoning romance in humorous terms and focuses on the foibles of those who are falling in love Title page of the first quarto of Shakespeare's Midsummer Night's Dream (1600) "Comedy", in its Elizabethan usage, had a very different meaning from modern comedy. A Shakespearean comedy is one that has a happy ending, usually involving marriages between the unmarried characters, and a tone and style that is more light-hearted than Shakespeare's other plays.[13] Comedy (from the Greek: κωμῳδία, kōmōidía), in the contemporary meaning of the term, is any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy. This sense of the term must be carefully distinguished from its academic one, namely the comic theatre, whose Western origins are found in Ancient Greece. In the Athenian democracy, the public opinion of voters was influenced by the political satire performed by the comic poets at the theaters.[1] The theatrical genre can be simply described as a dramatic performance which pits two societies against each other in an amusing agon or conflict. Northrop Frye famously depicted these two opposing sides as a "Society of Youth" and a "Society of the Old",[2] but this dichotomy is seldom described as an entirely satisfactory explanation. A later view characterizes the essential agon of comedy as a struggle between a relatively powerless......

Words: 1240 - Pages: 5

Bass Drums Guitar Keyboards Vocals

...EXAMS 2012 SYLLABUS Bass Drums Guitar Keyboards Vocals Trinity College London (Trinity) is an awarding body recognised in the United Kingdom by the Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation (Ofqual) in England, the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) and the Northern Ireland Council for Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment (CCEA). Trinity’s qualifications are recognised by these authorities within the Qualifications and Credit Framework (QCF). Various arrangements are in place with governmental education authorities worldwide. Trinity College London’s Rock & Pop syllabus and supporting publications have been devised and produced in association with Faber Music and Peters Edition London. Trinity College London 89 Albert Embankment London SE1 7TP UK T + 44 (0)20 7820 6100 F + 44 (0)20 7820 6161 E music@trinitycollege.co.uk www.trinitycollege.co.uk Charity number 1014792 Patron HRH The Duke of Kent KG Chief Executive Sarah Kemp Chief Examiner in Music Nicholas Keyworth BA (Hons) DipHE FRSA Copyright © 2012 Trinity College London Published by Trinity College London First impression, January 2012 Contents Introduction .......................................................... 4 Range of qualifications ....................................... 5 Exams at a glance .............................................. 6 How the exams are marked................................ 7 About the exams ................................................. 9 Choosing songs ........

Words: 2903 - Pages: 12

Will the Real Bestfriend Please Stand Up

...lesson was and still is friendship Navia and I and I had been best friends since before I can remember. She lived next door to me and our mothers were really good friends. We would say that we were bestfriends for infinity. We were inseperable . Our parents would call us Thelma & Louise because were so bad. Once we came up with this bright idea to steal all of our nightlights in both of our houses to make a home for lightning bugs. It was 1993 on a beautiful summer Sunday. I had just left church and arrived back at home. When we pulled up I saw the movers taking everything out of Navia’s house. I was devastated. I felt as if I would never see my friend again. We hugged and cried until it was time for her to get in the car and leave. For awhile, we talk on the phone everyday. I would tell her all the latest gossip of the neighborhood kids. Yet, after awhile the conversations became shorter and the calls became less frequent. Here it is 1999 , I had a new life and new friends. I was captain of the cheerleading team and president of Fashion DESIGN TEAM. I was in seventh grade and now and I thought I had so many friends I couldn’t keep up. Well, at least in my head I thought I did. You couldn’t tell me I wasn’t a cool kid. Just when I thought life couldn’t get any better, my mom dropped a bomb on me. She said, “Nikki your bestfriend is very sick” I responded, “Who? Shanea? Or is it Melissa. Oh no! I know who… it is Brittany! She’s fine mom. She just got her......

Words: 1585 - Pages: 7

Stand Up and Throw Away the Script

...Harvard Management Communication Letter A NEWSLETTER FROM HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL PUBLISHING TOOLS, TECHNIQUES, AND IDEAS FOR THE ARTICULATE EXECUTIVE Article Reprint No. C0302A Stand Up and Throw Away the Script by Susan G. Parker Harvard Management Communication Letter A NEWSLETTER FROM HARVARD BUSINESS SCHOOL PUBLISHING TOOLS, TECHNIQUES, AND IDEAS FOR THE ARTICULATE EXECUTIVE Harvard Management Communication Letter Subscriptions Harvard Management Communication Letter Subscription Service Center P.O. Box 257 Shrub Oak, NY 10588-0257 Phone: U.S. and Canada, (800) 668-6705 Outside the U.S. and Canada, (617) 783-7474 Fax: (914) 962-1338 Web: http://hmcl.harvardbusinessonline.org American Express, MasterCard, Visa accepted. Billing available. Harvard Management Communication Letter Custom Reprints Please inquire about our custom service and quantity discounts. We will print your company’s logo on the cover of reprints or collections in black and white or two-color. The process is easy, cost-effective, and quick. Phone: (617) 783-7626 or Fax: (617) 783-7658 Permissions For permission to copy or republish, please write or call: Permissions Department Harvard Business School Publishing 60 Harvard Way Boston, MA 02163 Phone: (617) 783-7587 For a print or electronic catalog of HBSP publications, please contact us: Harvard Business School Publishing Customer Service 60 Harvard Way Boston, MA 02163 Phone: U.S. and Canada, (800) 668-6705 Outside the......

Words: 2369 - Pages: 10

American Well Write Up

...MIS 513 Business Foundation for IT Case Analysis of American Well Shiqi Zhang American Well is a tele-health company whose ultimate goal is to substantially increase the value proposition of the patients and reduce the medical process cost. Before 2009, one of the major service for American Well was to build a platform that can connect people and doctors instantly via secure video. Up to 2009, due to the incentive of increasing internet use, the founder of American Well, Ido and Roy Schoenberg were planning to launch an initiative for new service, Team Edition, which involves the PCP (primary care physician) and specialist into the existing online medical service system. American Well believed that interaction between patients and PCP or specialist would be significantly improved and also the patients’ waiting time would reduce from weeks to minutes because of the introduction of Team Edition. During this business expansion, American Well was facing with a strategic decision of when is a more appropriate time to launch the new undertaking. Launching it early may meet the concern of how to adopt the limited resources between its major core service and the new Team Edition service. On the other hand, if American Well waits too long, the other companies may seize this opportunity and gain the lead on the online medical service market. Moreover, American Well was also facing several options in market, such as hospital, retail clinics, online care, and international expansion.......

Words: 1115 - Pages: 5

Comedy

...Redeeming Comedy William Shakespeare is one of the first people we think of when theater comes to mind. He made a name for himself in the world by becoming a playwright and writing comedies as well as tragedies for people’s entertainment that are still used today. However, Shakespeare is not one of the names that immediately come to mind when we consider the world of theology and religion. Yet the basic themes of Christianity play a foundational role in many of the classic scenes found in Shakespeare’s most famous works. We can examine this through the Shakespearian element of redemption, a view of taking kindness on humanity that academics believe was his own. Shakespeare’s plays still have relevance today because of his redemptive view of the world and of human experiences, particularly in the comedies The Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing, and All’s Well That Ends Well. Much has been made of Shakespeare’s religious and theological grounding. The issues have been centered primarily on whether Shakespeare was Protestant or Catholic. Many prominent Roman Catholic scholars, including the Rev. David Beauregard, have gone to great lengths to assert that Shakespeare was in fact Roman Catholic. Beauregard says a now-lost eighteenth-century document suggested that Shakespeare’s father, John, was a devout Catholics and his mother, Mary, was a member of the staunchly Catholic Arden family of Park Hall. Beauregard points to very Catholic theological concepts found in......

Words: 2390 - Pages: 10

Stand Up for Whats Right

...How can we stand by and watch these things happen to children, imagine those were your brothers and sisters, your small sisters innocent a child being taken advantage of, how? Why? These are human beings done nothing why are suffering is this fun, seeing them suffer hearing children saying and I quote "I'm just a kid, I haven't done anything wrong." "I have never seen happiness in my life.” I lost the feeling of being a human being. “Better I kill myself." "Please help me." Australian Security Intelligence Organisation “adverse security assessments.” Australia has continued the practice of mandatory detention for those arriving in Australia without a visa. As of September 30, 2013, 6,403 people were in secure immigration detention facilities (onshore and offshore), including 1,078 being children for more than two years. How can we stand by and watch these things happen to children, imagine those were your brothers and sisters, your small sisters innocent a child being taken advantage of, how? Why? These are human beings done nothing why are suffering is this fun, seeing them suffer hearing children saying and I quote "I'm just a kid, I haven't done anything wrong." "I have never seen happiness in my life.” I lost the feeling of being a human being. “Better I kill myself." "Please help me." "Please help me." A child not an adult not someone mature enough to understand but a child saying "Please help me." How can you deny them help and protection? How can we stand by......

Words: 1272 - Pages: 6

Vocal Essay

...Piper Smith English 1010 HH1 Mrs. Rhea Problem/Solution 17 November 2014 Singing with Incorrect Form is the Enemy of the Vocal Chord For years, singers have failed to reach their full vocal potential due to lack of basic understanding of singing. Adele, John Mayer, and Bob Dylan are just a few of the many celebrities who have had corrective surgery on their vocal chords from improper form while singing. The single most important element in singing is correctly breathing. Even individuals who have never taken a voice lesson before have heard that there is a correct way for singers to breathe. Sadly, many vocalists push, strain, and permanently damage their voices from incorrectly inhaling and exhaling air, and using incorrect form when they sing. Many solutions to vocal chord preservation have been proposed such as shouting instead of singing and taking in minimal amounts of air for control. These tactics have failed miserably in the vocal world because these techniques only lead to vocal damage. However, strain and damage can be avoided because how you inhale and exhale can control the quality of sound, volume, pitch, and tone. Fully filling up your diaphragm with air while inhaling is imperative if a vocalist wants to sound great and produce melodies with skill. Therefore, it is important that you not only learn how to take air in properly through inhaling, but is equally important that you learn to exhale properly. Also, to successfully sing with correct form, the......

Words: 612 - Pages: 3

Comedy

...Thea 102 Comedy Pigs Paper Improvisation seemed hard at first when watching it in the class room on the DVD that professor Brady showed us. But the comedy pigs demonstrated something less complicated and more relatable too. I was thrown off immediately when I saw the little mermaid set up in the background of the stage but I did not let it throw me off completely. Unlike our class, the comedy pigs held a heavier cast than we did. While we only held six people in our group "Fuck it Bucket", the comedy pigs had about ten people I would say. I am not sure if they played any warm up games in the back or if they even need too but they came out quickly explaining everything and performing as if it was second and nature to them. After many years of doing improvisation, I am sure that you become accustom to all the games or exercises that a group may do. I am still getting good at games we introduced later or in the middle of the semester. But the comedy pigs were great and in a small way, a bit of an inspiration to continue acting no matter where I may end up. The many games they played that were perfectly played improvised made me feel more interested in furthering my knowledge with acting and improvising. Like any other improvisation group, they walked out and gave a warm welcoming as the comedy pigs. The games they played were nothing like the games we played in class and I believe that is because they have more experience. We are new to the event of improvisation......

Words: 826 - Pages: 4

Vocal Music

...Vocal Music in the Medieval and Early Baroque Periods The word medieval can be translated to ‘the time in between’, referring to the time between the Roman Empire and the beginning of the Renaissance in 1450. Religion and church music was very important in this time period because it was the only music that was important enough to be documented. The idea of combining two or more lines together began to be used in large churches as a way to emphasize certain words. Plainchant, a piece of music made up of only one line, was the basis of the early medieval period, where the other vocals were used for lines above the plainchant and below it, making much shorter notes. Soon, a motet was introduced. A motet is when each vocal line has it’s own words, creating up to three texts at once, making the texture more dense. The Church was extremely powerful during the Medieval period. The elaboration in music during this period is related to the liturgy and how it was spoken. In Chants such as the psalms, lessons or prayers, the music is a direct translation of the text to be used within the Church. Also important to the Church, the hymns and sequences were organized into pattern and rhymes. Gregorian Chants not only were for the liturgy, but also for the polyphonic music of the Medieval Period. From the 12th century, secular......

Words: 1357 - Pages: 6

Rob Parson at Morgan Stanley Performance Evaluation Process Write Up

...Rob Parson at Morgan Stanley Performance Evaluation Process Write Up What is your assessment of Rob Parson’s performance? Should he be promoted? You can’t make an omelet without breaking an egg….This seems to be the Rob Parson approach to handling business. While there is certainly no denying that Parson is unparalleled in his ability to deliver results; his overall demeanor and approach to others contradict everything that Morgan Stanley is trying to stand for. Morgan Stanley aims to establish an environment that fosters teamwork and innovation. Parson has certainly succeeded in the latter of the two helping Morgan Stanley move from the tenth ranked position to third and expanding the market share from 2% to 12.2%. Despite these results, Parson’s actions compromise the internal culture of Morgan Stanley. Being described as “cocky”, “abrasive”, and “volatile” are words that aren’t typically associated with somebody meriting a promotion. With a promotion comes further unchecked power. There has to be real trepidation with the notion of giving somebody who has already created a “hostile environment” in his current capacity. If Morgan Stanley was merely a results based company then Parson should be promoted. But Morgan Stanley has explicitly highlighted and placed an emphasis on consensus, interpersonal teamwork, and treating each other with dignity and respect. Parson’s fundamental failure to coexist with in the guidelines of Morgan Stanley make him a poor......

Words: 1119 - Pages: 5

Critical Analysis of Stand by Me

...Review of the film "Stand By Me" 3/28/2016 Hum/150 Dr. Evans Stand By Me, is a coming-of-age story based off of the Stephen King short story entitled "The Body." The film could be categorized as a drama, adventure or comedy depending on which scene you are watching. I'm gonna label it an adventure, to me an adventure should be packed with a little bit of everything. Stand By Me takes place in the 1950's in rural Oregon. Four friends Gordy (Wil Wheaton), Chris(River Phoenix), Teddy(Corey Feldman) and Vern(Jerry O'Connell) embark n a treachorous hike to discover the body of a local boy who is presumed dead. During their trip they have to scramble for food, dodge trains, avoid local bullies, remove leeches and protect equipment from aterrifying dog named Chopper.Throughout their adventure the best buds also come to grips with issues in their personal lives There were many techniques used to help tell the story for Stand By Me. First off, most scenes involve all four of the main characters. This made me feel the togetherness of their group and showed how much of a bond they really had with each other. The sound was great, particularly the soundtrack. The oldies helped place you in the 50's, as well as the jargon used by the characters. The setting for most of the film was outdoors and most the time along the train tracks they were following. A lot of wide camera shots and angles were used to give the viewer a better idea of their surroundings and......

Words: 690 - Pages: 3

Comedy

...deadlines Support office development/work, as directed Routinely attend all relevant staff meetings 5) Administrative Support • • • • • • • • • • Manage monthly client billing process in regards to couriers, cd/dvd’s Track/ enter time with precision on daily basis Cross reference, approve, and forward invoices to the Accounting Department Assisting in AdVinci, PN intranet and HR related work (induction, leave schedule, IT requirements, access cards, exit procedures, etc.) Arrange business travel Coordinate mass mailings Perform other administrative tasks as assigned Maintain master client contract renewal dates and supplier list. Media Watch summary per client and inform senior management of updates at all times Manage overall office set up and up keep Manage all company stationary requirements Qualifications 1) Education • Higher education, diploma in business administration 2) Professional Experience • • Communication Ass. 1-2 years; Communications Coordinator 2+years related professional experience Internship experience highly desired in public relations or related environment 3) Success Factors • • • • • Effective oral and written communication skills Can prioritize multiple tasks and manage time in a consistent manner Professional demeanour Can meet deadline consistently Exceptional judgment when working with team members, client contacts and vendors • • • • Attention to details Can solve problems Desire to pursue learning and self development......

Words: 8912 - Pages: 36