The Pathology of Privilege

In: Social Issues

Submitted By joserri
Words 663
Pages 3
The Pathology of privilege
* Privileges (monopoly status, favorable regulations, subsidies, bailouts, loan guarantees, targeted tax breaks, protection from foreign competition, and noncompetitive contracts) that governments occasionally bestow upon particular firms are and extraordinary destructive force. * It misdirects resources, impedes genuine economic progress, breeds corruption and undermines the legitimacy of both, the government and the private sector
I. Gains from exchange * Free and voluntary trade results in gains for both sellers and buyers * Voluntary exchange is mutually beneficial * The national economy is simply a very large number of beneficial trades * The collapse of this trades is a Recession * Specialized production permits grater productive efficiency and allows us to do more with less * In a healthy market, there will be so much exchange that the gains from trade are maximized * Markets are competitive * When property rights are well defined, costs of transacting are minimal, and there are no barriers to enter or exit the industry
II. Types of privilege * Monopoly privilege * Sole and exclusive rights * Governmental legal challenges fines to private carriers out of business * Regulatory privilege * Many firms enjoy regulatory preferences that give them a measure of monopoly power * “The part of the wisdom is not to destroy the commission, but to utilize it” * Subsidies * Privileges that are more obvious * Federal government transferred over $191 billion to farmers * Loan Guarantees * A number of firms and industries receive support trough loan guarantees * If the firm succeeded the loan would repay its debt, if not taxpayers would pick the tab * Tax Privileges * Tax cuts * Federal tax credit…...

Similar Documents

Project Pathology

...Thomsett International : Project Pathology Page 1 of 8 Home -> Hot Articles -> Project Pathology Project Pathology Causes, patterns and symptoms of project failure You know a project is failing when you can't stop it Rob's Rough Rules of Project Management Dana Scully and Fox Mulder, the F.B.I. team in The X-Files, show the value of clinical analysis of cause and effect. While Mulder is focussed on mixing it with various aliens, shape changers, mutant worms and other wonderful creatures, Scully is often back at the base dispassionately examining the numerous bodies that turn up in each episode. It is often Scully's understanding of pathology and autopsy that provides the vital evidence in their search for the truth that is out there. A bit like Mulder and Scully, over the past 18 years, our group has reviewed over 20 major projects that were in the process of failing or had failed. These reviews were not done as an academic exercise or a controlled experiment but, they were undertaken "in the heat of the battle". Our clients wanted to know what they could do to fix the projects or what could be done to prevent other projects failing. The pathology of failed projects has aided us and our clients in understanding the major issues in computing. Home Our Company Public Workshop Schedule In-house Delivery and Consulting Workshop Descriptions Site Map Articles What our group has learnt is that there is a common set of causes for project failure, a common pattern of......

Words: 4437 - Pages: 18


...Pathology: Myocardial Infarction Name University Objectives 1. Discuss myocardial infarction and its pathogenesis. 2. Describe the sequence of changes involved in myocardial infarction. 3. List the major physiologic and morphologic complications of myocardial infarction. 4. Describe management of myocardial infarction. 5. Discuss patient teaching of myocardial infarction. Definition Myocardial infarction (MI), commonly known as a heart attack, is an irreversible necrosis of the heart muscle secondary to prolonged ischemia. This usually results from an imbalance in oxygen supply and demand, which is most often caused by plaque rupture with thrombus formation in a coronary vessel, resulting in an acute reduction of blood supply to a portion of the myocardium. (Zafari, 2011) Etiology The etiology of MI is predominantly from atherosclerosis i.e. coronary artery narrowing due to plaque formation. Non-modifiable risk factors for atherosclerosis includes: age, sex, family history of premature coronary heart disease, etc. Modifiable risk factors for atherosclerosis includes: smoking or other tobacco use, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypertriglyceridemia, obesity, sedentary lifestyle and/or lack of exercise, psychosocial stress, poor oral hygiene, etc. Non-atherosclerotic causes of MI include the following: • Coronary occlusion secondary to vasculitis • Ventricular hypertrophy (e.g., left ventricular hypertrophy, idiopathic......

Words: 2514 - Pages: 11

Education a Privilege

...For most of history education was seen as a privilege. I feel that although in back years it was considered a privilege, but should have been a right also. Regardless of one’s background and economic, no one should have been denied the right to a full education. Every person is entitled to an education, it is their right. It was argued that education should be considered as a “substantial right” to which all citizens were entitled (Armstrong, 2009). Social circumstances has had an impact, many individuals questioned the wisdom of governmental officials during the course of fighting in Vietnam. Students have many rights that impact their influence on education, the freedom of expression that carries no governmental restrictions about what they can say. The freedom of expression cases in education usually focus on student speech, publications, dress, and grooming. They also have these rights, freedom of conscience, freedom from unreasonable search, the right to privacy and special rights for learners with disabilities. I feel that some of these rights should be revised to safeguard students from the many quite scary situations that arise in the schools today as students try to attain their education. Choice should play a very important role in public education. Families can choose to place their children in schools that best align with their own preferred choice. In Michigan most of the public schools are no longer. Parents are placing their children into charter schools, or......

Words: 360 - Pages: 2

Essay on ”Race, Class, Violence and Denial: Mass Murder and the Pathologies of Privilege” by Tim Wise

...Essay on ”Race, Class, Violence and Denial: Mass Murder and the Pathologies of Privilege” by Tim Wise Often when racial inequality and discrimination is being discussed, we get to think of terms such as “white privilege” and American history with the Civil Rights Act in 1964. But we think of it, mainly as history. And that, according to Tim Wise, an anti-racism activist and American writer, is the biggest self-deception of the modern American world. Throughout an article posted on his own webpage, concerning school shootings, Tim Wise discusses the general American attitude towards this relatively new phenomenon in American society. With the use of especially pathos Wise argues that the most concerning thing about these events is how society is handling them afterwards. The problem is, according to Wise, that white people tell themselves ‘white lies’, and therefore never think that such actions could be taking place in their communities. He claims that there’s a reason why this happens in the outwardly ordinary societies. It’s because the people, trying to maintain at certain surface of innocence, refuse to see the signs of trouble, even when it’s going on before their very eyes. He wants us to take responsibility and stop excluding some parts of society from the “danger-zone” just because they look bucolic and normal on the outside and almost in the form of a provocative scolding he explains what damages these ‘white lies’ can do - not only to people of color, but to......

Words: 998 - Pages: 4

Forensic Pathology

...Forensic Pathology Have you ever just wanted to come home from a long days at work and kick off your shoes and grab some food and pig out in front of the television? You began to flick through all the channels and can’t find what you are looking for so you come to CSI Miami and this had caught your attention and now you’re toned in and intrigued of what they are doing. You find yourself yelling at the T.V. saying “how they do that?” “What is that?” “Why are they doing that?” and “how did they solve the case?” Well as you began to read further all of your questions will be answered, and you will see the real from the fake and what exactly a forensic pathologist is and as well as what it takes to become one. You will learn the ins and outs of how forensic pathologist has more than just one obligation. Forensic pathology has to do with the cause and manner of how someone died, as well as working with the police and their overall investigation it is almost like they are an investigator too. There is a lot of schooling and training that goes into becoming a forensic pathologist. As you continue further you will see that forensic pathology is a part of everyday life because, someone passes on every day. Forensic pathologist are specially trained doctors/physicians that study and examine the bodies of people who are deceased suddenly, violently, or unexpectedly. It is their job to figure out the immediate reason for this cessation of life. What are the duties of a forensic......

Words: 1288 - Pages: 6


...each new group of students into credentials, relationships, and culture, all of which ensured their future success.” (Khan 13) St Paul’s however strives to have their student body represent the population of the world, with both the wealthiest and the poorest, female and male, and students of all races living together. Khan works to present the idea of a “‘new elite’ – a group of advantaged youths who don’t quite reflect what we typically imagine when we conjure up a vision of the well-off.” (Khan 16) These “new elite” are not all white or from rich families or live in picturesque houses in New England. Instead, this group is diverse, hard working, and believe that they can achieve upward mobility if they are determined enough to do so. Privilege is Shamus Khan’s attempt to understand and explain this new elite and to make sense of the ever-widening inequality that pervades American culture. Looking at history, we can begin to understand the divide between title and wealth and the phenomenon of increasing inequality occurring simultaneously with increasing diversity. “…the Gilded Age elites became a distinct class, they removed themselves socially, culturally, and even spatially from their workers. Thus at the same time as the world became economically more open, other forms of social closure emerged.” (Khan 26) When Khan returns to St Paul’s as a faculty however, he is shocked to find that the sequestration he endured as a minority student no longer exists; instead, the......

Words: 967 - Pages: 4

White Privilege

...White Privilege Karie R. Shepherd Ivy Tech Community College Abstract The study of sociology allows us to understand the relationship between people and other cultures along with racial and ethnic inequality. As we define culture by a set of norms and values, we can also study how these cultures can often change over time and attitudes towards racial and ethnic groups. Several concepts, such as prejudice, racial profiling, and white privilege can often change the way we think or view other cultures. These topics become more relevant as you read Tim Wise’s article “White Swim in Racial Preference” and force us to think about how these ideas are put into practice. How this short piece makes us initially feel or perhaps react to other cultures can say a lot about who we are as a person and our level of understanding and tolerance towards groups other than our own. As we study sociology we seek to explain social behavior and human groups and how social relationships influence peoples behavior. We also seek to understand how those relationships and behaviors can change and develop over time. To study sociology we need to look at theoretical ideas such prejudice, racial profiling and white privilege to gain more understanding of how society functions as a whole. Tim Wise’s article “Whites Swim in Racial Preference” speaks to the ideas that white privilege very much exists in the country and how the University of Michigan’s affirmative action sanctions essentially did......

Words: 918 - Pages: 4

Forensic Pathology private practice which would contract their service to other government agencies. They perform autopsies, write out autopsy reports, look over victim's medical records, and interview the victim's next of kin. They also have to be trained in the legal system and to be able to testify in court cases involving death or injury (“Forensic Pathology,” 2009). Most forensic pathologist start as a resident, then after residency they awarded the title medical examiner. They can continue working to deputy chief medical examiner and the top position chief medical examiner. It takes between 13 to 15 years of education to become a forensic pathologist. This includes your bachelor degree and medical course requirements, followed by four years of medical school, and four years practicing forensic pathology as a resident. Once all of this is completed, you are required to accomplish a one year fellowship. The last and final step to be a certified forensic pathologist is to pass The American Board of Pathology. This is a very difficult exam with failure rates as high as 40 percent in anatomic pathology and 60 percent in clinical pathology (“Forensic Pathology”, 2009). Forensic pathologist are also involved in firearm examination, trace evidence, toxicology, DNA technology, and forensic serology to their investigate the victim's death. Some of the tools and technology used to conduct their analysis are: autopsy dissection forceps for general use, autopsy hanging scales, autopsy knives or......

Words: 659 - Pages: 3

Parliamentary Privileges

...INTRODUCTION According to Erskine May, "Parliamentary privilege is the sum of the peculiar rights enjoyed by each House collectively... and by members of each House individually, without which they could not discharge their functions, and which exceed those possessed by other bodies or individuals. Thus, privilege, though part of the law of the land, is to certain extent an exemption from the general law. Certain rights and immunities such as freedom from arrest or freedom of speech belong primarily to individual members of each House and exist because the House cannot perform its functions without unimpeded use of the services of its members. Other such rights and immunities such as the power to punish for contempt and the power to regulate its own constitution belong primarily to each House as a collective body, for the protection of its members and the vindication of its own authority and dignity. Fundamentally, however, it is only as a means to the effective discharge of the collective functions of the House that the individual privileges are enjoyed by members. "When any of these rights and immunities is disregarded or attacked, the offence is called a breach of privilege and is punishable under the law of Parliament. Each House also claims the right to punish as contempt actions which, while not breaches of any specific privilege, obstruct or impede it in the performance of its functions, or are offences against its authority or dignity, such as disobedience to its......

Words: 529 - Pages: 3

“White Privilege”

...Topic: McIntosh, Peggy “White Privilege” The author made use of the phenomenon of male privilege to bring out the fact that white privilege is similarly denied and unconsciously protected.  By describing how male privilege has rooted in our society, and how men denied this phenomenon by avoiding acknowledgement of the issue, the author explained the development of white privilege. According to the author, whites are taught not to recognize their privileges. They are disciplined in a way that they are unable to recognize racism as something that puts them at an advantage while as a result, put others at a disadvantage. They do not realize the existence of unearned skin privilege and therefore do not feel the need to stop it. By identifying the daily experiences granted by their skin privilege, whites can help themselves to reveal this distorted culture. They have to recognize the problem before they can lessen it and work to end it. The most obvious privileges are that white individuals are assumed to be affluence, civilized and morally neutral. The white community is perceived as a group of people who interact pleasantly and peacefully and that their country enjoys a widely represented state and its people enjoy many of its freedom. These perceived and unearned privileges are not only preserved from other people, they are also used as weapons to oppress others. However, even if white individuals do not approve the way which white dominance has been awarded to them,......

Words: 508 - Pages: 3

White Privilege

...White privilege otherwise known as white skin privilege is a term for societal privileges that benefit white people in western countries beyond what is commonly experienced by the non-white people under the same social, political, or economic circumstances. These privileges are unearned and are distributed based on values of the dominant group, which in the west is white people. According to McIntosh and Lee, whites in a society considered culturally a part of the Western World enjoy advantages that non-whites do not experience. This leads to the controversy over whether or not White people should be able to enjoy these privileges. The term denotes both obvious and less obvious passive advantages that white persons may not recognize they have, which distinguishes it from overt bias or prejudice. These include cultural affirmations of one's own worth; presumed greater social status; and freedom to move, buy, work, play, and speak freely. The effects can be seen in professional, educational, and personal contexts. The concept of white privilege also implies the right to assume the universality of one's own experiences, marking others as different or exceptional while perceiving oneself as normal. Some critics argue that the term uses the concept of "whiteness" as a proxy for class or other social privilege or as a distraction from deeper underlying problems of inequality. Others argue that it is not that whiteness is a proxy but that many other......

Words: 286 - Pages: 2

White Privilege

...Cultural Anthropology WHITE PRIVILEGE White privilege does is shape the way in which we view the world and the way in which the world views us. It is something like advantages for white people and elevates our status in the world. It makes a standard for whites and rest of the peoples have low status. We see much discrimination regarding white and black in our lives. But according to my viewpoint, human is responsible for this all. We see the others as we want but reality is somehow different. If we try to finish this discrimination then may be black people get some of their rights. Most of the people have scared of black people because they have wrong image of blacks in their mind. Here I would like to share about video that I watch. It was about an experiment at shop among black and whites. In video there were many white people and just one black lady buying clothes and the worker just kept an eye on her if she trying to hide clothes in her bag. Then the black lady asked her about her behaviour then the worker told her that “people like you always hide clothes.” She starts crying and get hurt by worker’s words. At that white lady help her and asked to workers that she did not do anything wrong and she is innocent. So it was an experiment to find if whites are ready to help black in problems and they succeed. So I just want to say that there should be no differences among whites and blacks because they both are same humans just of different colour....

Words: 276 - Pages: 2

Pathology Paper

...ejection fraction of 13%. He has heart failure, and had a cardiac arrest two years ago caused by hypokalemia. He also has a history of hypertension and had a peptic ulcer fifteen years ago. The Gastrointestinal bleed caused by the duodenal ulcer will first be discussed along with signs, symptoms, associated lab values, vital signs, and diagnostic testing. The Volume deficit problem will be related to his current problems and medication side effects. The preexisting conditions of cardiomyopathy, hypertension, sinus tachycardia will then be related to the gastrointestinal bleed caused by the ulcer and the medical intensive care unit admission of volume deficit along with his linking his previous conditions to his current medical state. Pathology of First Admitting Problem The information and medical facts in this section will be taken from Porth’s Pathophysiology, chapter 45 , written by Krom unless cited otherwise. There are two different kinds of peptic ulcers, gastric and duodenal. C.W. has had a previous ulcer in the past and was brought into the hospital with a gastrointestinal bleed caused by a duodenal ulcer (Krom, 2014, p.1153-1182). The gastrointestinal tract is made up of many layers. The first one is the inner mucosa layer, which consists of smooth muscle cells. The second layer in the tract is the submucosal layer, which houses the connective tissue, blood vessels, nerves, and enzymes. The third layer is the muscular layer and it is responsible for helping......

Words: 3338 - Pages: 14

White Privilege

...White privilege is an advantage in society that is unmerited. Though it is practiced in every day life (whether it’s subtle or not), the majority views it as “absurd” and “non-existent”. Whiteness and white privilege are taboos that create feelings of guilt, hostility and anger whenever discussed by people of colour (hooks, 339), but it must be addressed and understood in order to be eradicated. Racism shapes the lives of white people, not only the lives of people of colour (Frankenberg, 1). When white privilege is ignored, white people are able to maintain power and dominance in our “post-racial” society. (Mcintosh, 33). In this essay, I will argue that widespread media representation and housing opportunities are the most important features of white privilege, using ideas from Peggy McIntosh’s White Privilege: Unpacking the Invisible Knapsack, bell hooks’ Representing Whiteness in the Black Imagination and Ruth Frankenberg’s Introduction: Points of Origin, Points of Departure. Widespread representation is the most important feature of white privilege because we live in an age where the media not only reflects our real worldviews and attitudes, but also controls them. The second most important feature of white privilege is adequate housing opportunities. It is necessary for white people to acknowledge their part in benefiting from a society that has thrived on racial hierarchy and white supremacy for centuries and these two aspects are key in reaching that. Firstly,......

Words: 1972 - Pages: 8

Pathology Parkinson

...------------------------------------------------- Pathology Anatomical The basal ganglia, a group of brain structures innervated by the dopaminergic system, are the most seriously affected brain areas in PD.[41] The main pathological characteristic of PD is cell death in the substantia nigra and, more specifically, the ventral (front) part of the pars compacta, affecting up to 70% of the cells by the time death occurs.[8] Macroscopic alterations can be noticed on cut surfaces of the brainstem, where neuronal loss can be inferred from a reduction of neuromelanin pigmentation in the substantia nigra and locus coeruleus.[42] The histopathology (microscopic anatomy) of the substantia nigra and several other brain regions shows neuronal loss and Lewy bodies in many of the remaining nerve cells. Neuronal loss is accompanied by death of astrocytes (star-shaped glial cells) and activation of the microglia (another type of glial cell). Lewy bodies are a key pathological feature of PD.[42] Pathophysiology The primary symptoms of Parkinson's disease result from greatly reduced activity of dopamine-secreting cells caused by cell death in the pars compacta region of the substantia nigra.[41] There are five major pathways in the brain connecting other brain areas with the basal ganglia. These are known as the motor,oculo-motor, associative, limbic and orbitofrontal circuits, with names indicating the main projection area of each circuit.[41] All of them are affected in PD, and their...

Words: 657 - Pages: 3