The Lives and Influences of Jesus and Muhammad in Christianity and Islam

In: Religion Topics

Submitted By dukezblade
Words 1647
Pages 7
The Lives and Influences of Jesus and Muhammad in Christianity and Islam (Respectively)
By
Olivia Fransis
University of Phoenix
HUM/130 – Religion of the World
Professor Jeffrey Pieper
July 1, 2012

Every religion has at least one individual that can be considered to embody what the religion is all about. In Islam this individual is the Prophet Muhammad and in Christianity it is Jesus Christ. The following paragraphs will chronicle each of their lives respectively and how they impacted the world in the past and present day. Muhammad was born in Makkah (Mecca) in the year 570 C.E. to a trader named Abdullah and his wife Amina. They were part of the Quraish tribe, which was very respected. Unfortunately Abulldah passed away before Muhammad was born and Amina died a few years later eventually making Muhammad an orphan at young age. He was raised by his uncle Abu Talib after the death of his grandfather left him with no one else to care for him. Muhammad worked as a merchant and a shepherd with his uncle, which led him to many encounters of people from many different faiths and backgrounds. At the age of 25, Muhammad married a woman that was fifteen years his senior named Khadija. They were happily married for 24 years, which is when Khadija passed away. Throughout the course of his marriage Muhammad did not marry anyone else even though polygamy was common in his time period. In his late 30s, Muhammad began traveling regularly to a cave on the outskirts of Mecca to seek solitude and contemplation and then one day when he was forty he returned from the cave and told his wife that he had been visited by the angel Gabriel. Gabriel came to him while he was in a trance-like state and told Muhammad that he had to proclaim the word of Allah, the one true God and even though Muhammad was reluctant he was eventually persuaded. Khadija eventually became his first…...

Similar Documents

Muhammad and Islam

...Muhammad and Islam Influences from several early monotheistic religions can be seen in Islam. Muhammad even said he thought people of other faiths had solutions to getting rid of polytheism. As Muhammad began to fulfill his duty as God’s Prophet, he and his followers were met with resistance. Eventually battles began to ensue over control of land and religious beliefs as Islam began to take hold. Certain characteristics from Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and Christianity that appear in Islam indicate that Muhammad used these other religions as a sort of blue print. Similar to Islam, Zoroastrianism holds that the truth is revealed through a prophet and followers typically pray several times a day. Judaism is another Abrahamic faith that uses oral law, or the Torah, similar to Hadiths that Muslims use. In Christianity, Jesus is God’s prophet similar to how Muslims believe Muhammad is His prophet. Muhammad also drew influence from the Harifs and the Muruwwa Code. The Harifs were neither Christian or Jew but believed there was only one God. Muhammad believed that the Jews, Christians, and Harifs may have “answers to the problems that were gnawing at the core of pagan Meccan society (Goldschmidt & Davidson, 2010). The Muruwwa code consists of principles that can be found in Islam and also the other previously mentioned religions. Bravery in battle, patience, persistence, protection of the weak, defiance toward the strong, hospitality, generosity, loyalty,......

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Hum 130 Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus of Nazareth and the Prophet Muhammad were key important figures in the respective religions. Jesus Christ was important to Christianity and was seen as a messenger, teacher and the living embodiment of God. The Prophet Muhammad was also seen as messenger for God, and he united Arabia under one polity, which was Islam. Both Jesus of Nazareth and the Prophet Muhammad’s teachings are followed in the current era. Their lives and the manner of their deaths have brought inspiration to literally millions world-wide. Each of these historical individuals is considered the greatest prophet of their own religion. They were each were radical leaders of their people during their lives and are still highly regarded by followers today. It is believed that Jesus was born a few years before the beginning of our current Christian’s calendar Year One. He is said to have been born in Bethlehem in current day Israel. The New Testament of the Bible tells the story of Jesus’ life as beginning with a virgin birth by Mary. He worked as a common carpenter, following in his father Joseph’s trade. 18 years of Jesus’ life are unrecorded in the New Testament. His story picks up when he is 30 years of age and begins preaching among the people. He gathers disciples during this time who follow him throughout the region. His teachings include the basic precepts of living in humility, faith and forgiveness. He also taught of God’s mercy and forgiveness to man. He is said to have......

Words: 986 - Pages: 4

Christianity and Islam

...Purpose Statement The purpose of this paper is to educate our readers about the two largest religions in the world: Christianity and Islam. Religion has served in many societies as a mean of structure or social control, with rules that govern how people interact socially. We will be looking at the origin, similarities, differences, beliefs and festivals of each religion. Invariably, our aim is to ascertain through research data and interviews why Christianity is the world’s most popular religion, but more so why it is deemed most superior. Statement of Qualification. Our group strongly believes in the fundamental teachings of Christianity, having been exposed to its teachings from early childhood. We are respecters of all religions hence our research topic, to bring about a greater level of understanding of both, while identifying the beliefs and values these two great religion is built on. Based on our own individual experiences and personal realization of nature and how things are interconnected, we conclude that there is definitely a higher power that oversees everyone and everything, and it’s faith in this higher power that brought birth to Christianity. Review of Literature Religion is a controversial topic that has been debated with great enthusiasm by sociologists, theologians, and even students; some argue that the belief in religion is for closed minded individuals. One sociologist aimed to defend the fact that......

Words: 1350 - Pages: 6

Islam or Christianity

...Hum400 017 016 Islam and Christianity, Which Would You Choose? There is a debate between scholars of the religions of Christianity and Islam to determine what is the one true religion. If a Muslim is asked, of course his or her answer will be Islam and if a Christian were presented the same question, his or her response would be Christianity, undeniably. I have my own personal opinion concerning this issue, but this paper is to provide the facts. The origin of each religion will be presented as well as its beliefs, and how the two differ in respect to these beliefs. This is provided in order for the reader to come to his or her own conclusion as to which religion has the one true God. Mohammad was born in the city of Makkah in 570 CE. He was raised by his uncle because his father died before he was born and his mother soon after his birth. He grew up as a privileged child, as his family was very well off. At the age of 25, he married Khadija. From this union there were several children birthed, but his daughter Fatima was the only surviving child. (McDowell, 200) Mohammad spent several hours in meditation. During these times of meditation he had begun to have many troubling visions. In one of these visions he believed he saw the angel Gabriel. Mohammad said that he was given these instructions: “Recite in the name of the Lord who has created man from clots of blood, Recite seeing that the Lord is the most generous, who has taught man by the pen,...

Words: 1841 - Pages: 8

Jesus & Muhammad

... Jesus and Muhammad Chanda Malone HUM - 130 July 15, 2014 Ryan Shockey Jesus and Muhammad Islam and Christianity are among the largest and most influential religions of the world. Each religion is founded by a prophet, and through his teachings he will change the lives of billions of people for many years to follow. Islam is founded by a man named Muhammad (whose name means “highly praised”) and in his late 30’s believed to have been visited by an angel and then converted to a prophet. Christianity was established by Jesus Christ and based on his life, miracles and teachings. Jesus Christ was a Jew whom which the name means “savior and anointed one” and was born to Mary and Joseph. Both Muhammad and Jesus are strong influential figures of history that have had a profound, impact on the world. Islam and Christianity are monotheistic religions, as they each believe in one god. Each religion has authoritative historical sources that contain the sacred text of its history of each prophet. Islam has a core text or fundamental belief, that which Muslims believe to is a proclamation from God and is recorded within the Quran (Koran). In addition to the Quran, Muslims also rely on the Hadith, which records many sayings of peace and blessings of Muhammad and his life events. The authoritative text for Christianity is the Bible, the Jewish Bible + New Testament. The New Testament provides letters, four Gospels (written record of Christ’s word) that through Jesus’s disciples are a......

Words: 1300 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad Jesus and Muhammad are similar in many ways and likewise are different in many ways. They were both worshipped as leaders of their religion and their deaths impacted both their religions and followers. To this day they are still being studied and their word is still being followed. The following paragraphs will unfold the lives and legacies of these two leaders. Jesus’ was born in a stable in Bethlehem to Mary, “who was a virgin when she conceived him by the Holy Spirit.” His name, Jesus, means “God saves.” Shepherds brought the baby gifts “of gold and frankincense and myrrh, confirming his divine kingship and his adoration by Gentiles,” (Fisher, p. 288). Muhammad, which means “the praised one,” was born a messenger of God into the most powerful tribe in Islam. His father passed before he was born, followed by his mother and grandfather. This left him with a protective uncle who worked him as a shepherd. Even though Muhammad is not “the focus in Islam, the sole authority,” his life story is important to Muslims because his “character is considered a model of the teachings in the Qur’an,” (Fisher, p. 365). Muhammad and Jesus both have holy books reciting their lives and teachings. Jesus’ life and teaching can be found in the Bible, while the Qur’an focuses on Muhammad. The Bible was not written for 40 to 60 years after the death of Jesus and there are many versions of this holy book. The Bible cannot be put in any chronological order......

Words: 1528 - Pages: 7

Jesus & Muhammad

...Jesus & Muhammad By Angela Levy HUM/130 Religions of the World Mohammad and Jesus were and still are two very influential men in the Islam and Christian religions. Christianity is the world’s largest religion with over 2 billion followers, followed by Islam with over 1 billion followers. While these men did not share the same views necessarily they taught with passion and lead with honor. Jesus Christ was born circa 6 B.C. in Bethlehem. His mother was Mary and the man that raised him was Joseph. Before Mary and Joseph were married Mary was found to be with child. God appeared to Joseph in a dream and told him that he should still marry Mary because the child that she was carrying was conceived from the Holy Spirit. Jesus was born under the ruling of Herod the Great who was felt very threatened by Jesus. He went so far as to command that every male child under the age of 2 years old be killed. An angel visited Joseph and warned him and he took Mary and Jesus and fled to Egypt. The family stayed there until the death of Herod the Great at which time they returned to settle in Nazareth. There is not a lot of information about Jesus’ childhood. It is said that at one time during his youth his parents did not know where he was for several days and he was found in a temple having discussions with some of the elders. Other than that there is brief mention in the New Testament that in young adulthood Jesus was a carpenter like his father. It was at the......

Words: 1326 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad Paper

...Jesus & Mohammed Paper Catherine A. Johnson HUM/130 Religions of the World September 21, 2014 Roy Shaff Jesus & Mohammed Paper The two most influential men in religious communities and throughout the nation are Jesus and Muhammad. Many individuals are followers of these men for reasons of their own particular beliefs and rituals. Nations have used their words as the foundation of their countries cultures and laws. During the 1st century Jesus’s teachings to the world’s inhabitants were the root of beliefs. At the beginning of the 7th century, Muhammad’s words are most familiar as teachings were sacred among his followers. Who were these men and what changes did they make to our world; that people today compare them to one another. Today, 1.8 billion Muslims revere Muhammad as one of the great prophets. Whose name is well known in the Arab lands, for the reason of uniting a disparate group of nomad Arabs into a powerful force for their God; six hundred years earlier, a man by the name of Jesus Christ was known as the greatest of all prophets. In just three short years Jesus Christ had changed the world with his presence. Within a few generations after he left earth, the power and might of the Roman Empire was enveloped by the phenomenon of Christianity, and today it is the world’s largest religion with over 2 billion followers. Life of Jesus Christ In an obscure village in the Roman province of Palestine, Jesus Christ was born about 6 B. C. in Bethlehem.......

Words: 1447 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad Whitney Parrish HUM/130 1/18/2014 Auslyn Nieto Our world was evolved around religion. Religion is our base of life. All religions have their origins, and its most important models or prophets or people that people believed to have a major role in the upcoming of their religion. Islam religion has a prophet, Muhammad, who they praise. Christianity religion has Jesus, the Son of God, who is also known as the Messiah. Jesus and Muhammad have their differences, but can be similar, considering they are traced back to the same person, Abraham. Both play major roles in their religions’ history that influence they way they live today. Starting with Islam religion, Muhammad was born around 570 CE. Islamic people believe Muhammad to be the last messenger of God. Muhammad was born into the Hashin clan of the Quraysh tribe. Fisher 2014) Muhammad grew up in poverty. His father died before he was born and his mother when he was six. He was known for his trustworthy character. As Muhammad got older, he spent most of his time in solitary retreat. “They provided opportunities for contemplation, away from the world.” (Fisher 2014) Muhammad was very spiritual. At age forty, Muhammad was visited during one of his retreats. According to Fisher, he was visited by Gabriel, an angel in human-like form, and told him to recite. Gabriel told him the words that became the first words of their holy scripture, Qur’an. He told his family what happened, who believed him. Later......

Words: 1269 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad University of Phoenix Jesus and Muhammad differ in so many different ways, although many people have different consumptions of Jesus, it is pretty clear on who Muhammad was and is. However, it is impossible to worship both or even believe that the two are equal to one another. I will first begin to discuss who and the works of Jesus. Many peoples perspective differ on who Jesus was or is. These beliefs are based on the religion that one follows. I will start with main stream Christian believers; Christians believe that Jesus is the son of God. It is believed in this religion that, God sent angels down to Mary, a virgin and told her she would have a son and his name will be Jesus. The angels also told Mary that, God sent Jesus to preach and deliver his words, so that people may have faith in him all over the world. Jesus did just that, and more. Jesus healed the sick, taught God’s word and died for the sins of the people, so that they may be saved, have eternal life, and enter the gates of heaven, according to the Holy Bible. However, Jesus teachings were primarily about The Kingdom of God (heaven). Never the less, he speaks of morality and prayer. Jesus had many believers has he had non- believers. As Jesus exhibits the works of God, many of the non-believers were displeased on these actions of prayer, healing and talks of eternal life. After The Last Supper, Jesus was arrested in the night...

Words: 1395 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad Paper

...Jesus & Muhammad Paper Jesus & Mohammad Paper Jesus Christ is the largest most accepted religious figure in the world. Jesus Christ is the central figure in Christianity which has over two million followers across the world today. Jesus is widely believed by most Christians to be God incarnate who’s return back to earth for the salvation of man was promised in the old testament. There are many differing views and beliefs about Jesus and his life throughout the world, in different religions, and also varied denominations of Christianity. Most accounts of the birth of Jesus are found in the Gospel of Mathew and the Gospel of Luke both of which were written around sixty five to one hundred AD. However there has been a lot of argument between Christian scholars about his birth and most do not claim to know even the year of the exact date of his birth. Jesus was born in Bethlehem to the Virgin Mary a miracle by the Holy Spirit. The angel Gabriel came to visit Mary and told here that she was chosen to bear the son of God. After Jesus’ birth Mary and her husband Joseph were forced to use a manger for a bed because there was no room at the towns Inn. Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist. Jesus walked to the Jordan River where John had been baptizing people from the crowd. Jesus then asked John to baptize him, after Jesus rose from the water God opened the heavens and explained to him that he was the son of God. God then led Jesus into the desert where...

Words: 1335 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad Introduction Jesus and Muhammad have and had great influence on the world. To this day both men have a great impact on people throughout our nations. Muhammad is known as a great prophet to many Muslims and they worship him as one of the greatest. Jesus is known as God’s son, a man of wisdom and who was killed to save others of their sins. I will be writing about the life and deaths, and the differences between Jesus and Muhammad and what they mean to the religious people that follow them. Jesus Jesus Christ was born to the Virgin Mary (0 BCE) in Bethlehem in a stable with animals. Jesus’s mother Mary was married to a man name Joseph who was a carpenter in Bethlehem. Jesus’s life and death were written in the Bible. As an adult he became a carpenter in the town of Nazareth. At the age of 30 Jesus was baptized by John and was said to have been followed by the first disciples. The names of Jesus’s disciples are Peter, Andrew, James, and John. Jesus informed his disciples that they had to give up all their material things in order to follow him and live the life the right way. He later became a public speaker and taught God’s word and was said to perform miracles. The miracles that was said Jesus had performed were turning water to wine, giving the blind their sight, walking on water, healing those who were paralyzed, turning fish and bread into enough food to feed many people, and to take the demons out of people who were possessed. He told the...

Words: 1375 - Pages: 6

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad Judith Julian Axia College Jesus and Muhammad While many view Christianity and Islam as two totally different religions, their founders lived quite similar lives and each revolutionized their religions in a most profound way. The Prophets, Jesus, and Muhammad, led followers on a path of righteous living and even after death, they continue to influence people’s lives across the world. The following chronicles the birth, lives, ministries, deaths, and the impact each of these prophets have made on society, and religion in the world. Sometime near the first year of the Common Era, the angel Gabriel came to a woman named Mary and spoke to her, telling her she would conceive a son and his name would be Jesus. Jesus would come to known as the Messiah, the son of God. Jesus grew up in the small town of Nazareth with his mother and father, Joseph. His father was a carpenter and many times his family traveled to Jerusalem to sell crafts in the marketplace. It was on these trips that Jesus saw the struggles of the Jewish people; he saw the ways the poor people were treated, as well as, the extravagances of the Romans occupying Judea. After witnessing a prophet, John the Baptist telling stories of a new faith and the kingdom of God, he was baptized in the Jordan River. John had many followers and this angered the Roman leaders bringing about his death. This was the beginning of Jesus’ ministry. Jesus taught his people that they needed to give up their......

Words: 1436 - Pages: 6

Islam and Christianity

...ISLAM AND CHRISTIANITY Christianity and Islam share much common ground, but when it comes to god they have different beliefs.Both trace their roots to Abraham. Both believe in prophecy, God's messengers(apostles), revelation, scripture, the resurrection of dead, and the centrality of religious community. This last element is especially important. Both Christianity and Islam have a communitarian dimension: what the church is to Christianity the"umma" is to Islam. Despite these significant similarities, however, these two world religions have a number of significant differences as well.I would like to comment on these -- not to engage in any kind of polemic (since I consider polemic a sign of religious immaturity)but to foster better understanding. A true dialogue between religions can be built only on nuanced understanding and not caricature. I will discuss these differences under four general headings: I -- The Understanding of God ============================= Muslims and Christians believe there is only one God / Allah. The basic testimony of Islam is called the 'shahada', the first clause of which states that "la ilaha illa Allah" -- "There is no god but God." This is certainly a statement that Christians would affirm. But how Christians and Muslims conceptualize God in their respective theologies is actually quite different. The emphasis in the Islamic theology of God can be summarized by one word: 'tawhid'...

Words: 4662 - Pages: 19

Jesus and Muhammad

...Jesus and Muhammad Carina Perez Axia University of Phoenix Jesus and Muhammad From the time of creation religion has been part of human life. There are many religions and religious leaders in the world today. The two most influential religious leaders would be Jesus Christ, leader of Christianity, and Muhammad, Leader of the Muslims. People have gathered to follow and worship these men from the day they were born. The history and beliefs of Christians and Muslims have very parallel beginnings due to the fact that their religions where both started by a son of Abraham. For Christians it is Abraham’s son Isaac who was selected by god for Muslims his son Ishmael was the chosen one. In the Old Testament is speaks of a savior that would come to earth to redeem mankind of their sins and the New testaments contains the account of this saviors life, and gives his name as Jesus Christ. Muslims however believe Christ to be a prophet and not the son of god. In the Bible it tells us the Christ was born in a small town in Bethlehem to Mary and Joseph. Mary and Joseph had traveled to the city of David to pay taxes and this is where Mary went onto labor. When the reach the city of David all the rooms of the inns where full so one inn keeper offered up his stable for shelter. This is where Jesus Christ the savior was born to a poor family in humble surroundings. Shortly after Christ birth an angel appeared to Joseph in a dream and warned him of King Herod and his plan find......

Words: 1360 - Pages: 6