The Evolution of Psychology

In: Philosophy and Psychology

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THE EVOLUTION OF PSYCHOLOGY

ASPECTS OF PSYCHOLOGY
SSCI206 – 1204A
UNIT 1 INDIVIDUAL PROJECT

Abstract
Understanding how psychology has evolved since its origin is crucial in the overall understanding of the entire subject. There are many perspectives to look at when dealing with psychology. Three of these perspectives will be discussed in this paper; behaviorism, humanistic, and psychodynamic. Although these perspectives are different, there are some similarities between the three. This paper will go more in depth with these three perspectives and explain some of the similarities and differences between each.

The Evolution of Psychology
The Behaviorism perspective of psychology involves rewards or punishments that are associated with specific behaviors. (Editorial Board, 2011). Behaviorism has had a major influence on psychology. Animal training and parenting techniques stem from this perspective. Today, psychology pays more attention to inner emotions and though in people. There are four methods that include negative reinforcement, positive reinforcement, positive punishment, and negative punishment. The first, negative reinforcement is strengthening a particular behavior by stopping it or avoiding it altogether. This means taking away something undesirable in order to influence behavior. A parent could use this technique to get their child to clean their room. Depending on the age of the child, the parent could let their child skip naptime once for cleaning their room. This takes away something undesirable, naptime, and influences a good behavior, cleaning their bedroom.
The next method in behaviorism is positive reinforcement. This technique means to rewarding good behavior to ensure that it happens in the future. Let’s use the same scenario. If a parent is struggling to get their child to clean their bedroom, this technique would give them an…...

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