The Components of Criminal Justice System

In: Other Topics

Submitted By tina1432
Words 377
Pages 2
The components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process are the police, courts and corrections. They each play a very big role in the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process. They all connect and have one major goal in common and that is to uphold the law. Each has a specific duty such as the police have the duty to try and catch a criminal. Police are there to protect us from people who are committing the crime and to try and remove crime from the area. I mean we have some police that are out there who do things by the book and follow protocol but we also have those officers out there that are just the opposite and commit just as much crime as the offender. But in general police are there to protect and catch the criminals.
Next would be the courts which are here to sentence the criminal and make sure that they are off the streets so they are unable to repeat the crime. The judges sentence the criminal to a time that is fit for the crime. Even though we have attorney’s that try to help the criminal from being put in jail.
And then we have the corrections department which is there to make sure that the criminals are doing their time and not trying to commit more while they are in prison or a correctional institute. Some criminals don’t learn from their mistakes and continue to commit crimes even while in prison. This is what they know so just imagine if they are willing to do it while they are incarcerated then they should not be able to ever walk the streets.
As far as the government being related to the criminal justice system I would say it is because it is the judicial system and it oversees all the court related issues. The judicial system does not make the law or enforce it instead it interprets the law and applies it to the fact of each case.
In general the criminal justice system is made up of several…...

Similar Documents

Components of the Criminal Justice System

...What are the components of the criminal justice system? How do the components impact the overall process of the criminal justice system? What changes would you recommend to better improve the criminal justice process? Explain. The three components of the criminal justice system are the police, correctional agencies, and criminal courts. The Police are the first step in the judicial system. They are the first responders to any crime scene which goes into the investigation process. The investigation process will then lead to possible arrests; the criminal is then booked and processed. They are given a court date and from that point the case is in the criminal courts domain. Once a suspect is given a court date the Criminal Courts then conduct a fair and impartial trial. The criminal courts are there to protect the rights of anyone facing processing by the justice system. The suspect is then found guilty or not guilty. If the defendant is found guilty they are then transferred from the county jail, where they were being held, to a state prison or correctional facility. The Correctional Agencies are the final step in the criminal justice system. Sometimes this is the end of the road for some offenders and other times appeals are filed and it will go back to the court system. Correctional facilities have different levels: minimum security and maximum security. The severity of the crime will determine which one of the facilities the criminal will end up in. The changes I......

Words: 368 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice System

...Criminal justice System Three main components in the Criminal justice Those components are polices, courts, and Corrections They each play a significant role in the various stages .The content will be an overview of the criminal justice System as well as a description of the police officer, district attorney, defense attorney and local magistrate roles., Each component will be defined according to the American criminal justice system. The primary Function of each component will also be identified and two examples of each component will be given. The Ultimate goal in the criminal justice system is “(1) the need to enforce the law and to maintain public order and (2) the need to protect individuals from injustice, especially at the hands of the criminal justice system” (Schmalleger, 2011). What is the function of the police? Police are government officials in charge of regulating and controlling affairs within the community. Police are designed “to regulate, control, or keep order with or as if with a law enforcement agency” (http://www.thefreedictionary.com/police ) The functions of the police are to enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend criminals, maintain public order, prevent and reduce crime, and ensure community safety. Two examples of policing are the television show “CSI: NY” and the movie “The Glades”. The criminal justice system is the combination of legal...

Words: 419 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice System Paper

...Introduction The criminal justice system in the United States is multifaceted and is best understood when dissected into individual parts. There are the components of the criminal justice system, classifications for crime, due process, types of punishment and the process of the criminal justice system, all of which only scratch the surface. When studying and working in the criminal justice field it is important to remember that without each part of this system many of the freedoms and rights citizens take for granted every day could not be enforced. Even more important to remember, as annoying as it is sometimes, no law is too infinitesimal to be enforced because without even the smallest law, the society so many Americans love and cherish would not function. Components of the Criminal Justice System Though the criminal justice is complex, when broken down into its individual components is easily dissected and explained. The major components of the criminal justice system are the police, the criminal courts and corrections (Schmalleger, 2008). These components work together to provide safety for the community as well as punishment and rehabilitation for criminal offenders (Schmalleger, 2008). The first component of the criminal justice system is the police. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes, apprehend criminals, reduce and prevent crime, maintain public order, ensure community safety, provide emergency community services and protect the basic rights and......

Words: 2630 - Pages: 11

Criminal Justice System Paper

...Criminal Justice System Paper According to the dictionary, Crime is “An action or an instance of negligence that is deemed injurious to the public welfare or morals or to the interests of the state and that is legally prohibited. (Lexico Publishing, 2012) ”. Any act that is considered to be unlawful and where society has agreed upon a just punishment for such actions when these acts have been performed is considered to be a crime. These crimes may be violent crimes, white collar crimes, motor vehicle violations, even jay- walking or littering. One of the most common models of how society determines which acts are criminal is the crime-control model, which is a perception that stresses the efficient arrest and conviction of criminal offenders. In the late 1960’s, this model was first brought to the attention of the academic community in Stanford University law professor Herbert Packer’s incisive presentation of the state of criminal justice. This model is sometimes referred to as Packer’s crime-control model. The other most common model of how society determines which acts are criminal is the due process model which is a criminal justice perspective the stresses individual rights at all stages of justice system processing. This process is intended to make sure that innocent people are not convicted of crimes. This is an essential part of the justice system in America. Facts are individually and carefully considered for each case to be determined. The police are......

Words: 865 - Pages: 4

Criminal Justice System Paper

...Write a 350-700-word paper in which you explain the components of the criminal justice system and the criminal justice process. Include how the structure of the government relates to the criminal justice system. Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines. Post your paper as an attachment. Criminal Justice System Paper The phrase criminal justice system refers to a collection of federal, state, and local public agencies that deal with the crime problem. These agencies process suspects, defendants, and convicted offenders and are interdependent as the decisions of one agency affect other agencies. The basic framework of the system is provided by the legislative, judicial, and executive branches of government. Criminal justice is a process, involving a series of steps beginning with a criminal investigation and ending with the release of a convicted offender from correctional supervision. “In the United States the criminal justice system are divided into three categories: federal, state, and military” (Theresa Smith, 1999-2012). There are two goals in the criminal justice system; the “first step the need to enforce the law and to maintain public order and the second step; is the need to protect individuals from injustice, especially at the hands of the criminal justice system” (Schmalleger, 2011).  The criminal justice process is taking several steps taken to process a criminal case beginning with an investigation and arrest.  The police do and investigation......

Words: 445 - Pages: 2

Criminal Justice System

...Criminal Justice System Jean H. Blanc CRJ 100 04/30/2013 Prof. McCarty Abstract According to Shae Irving, the word “criminal” is describe as “the society’s belief that certain act are unacceptable and that any perpetrator should be punish” [ (Irving, 2008) ]. Enter the American Criminal Justice System. This paper will give a brief description of the Criminal Justice System and its purpose, and describe the key component of this system. It will also discuss the purpose and function of each component and their main responsibilities. Criminal Justice System Definition and goal. As described by author Frank Schmalleger, the criminal justice system is “the aggregate of all operating and administrative or technical support agencies that perform criminal justice function” [ (Schmalleger, 2011) ]. For lack of a better term, it is the collective institutions through which an accused offender passes until the accusation have been lifted or the assessed punishment concluded. The criminal Justice system serves two purposes. According to Professor Kathleen Daly of Griffith University, the state is responsible to respond to crimes to secure benefits to the wider society, such as crime prevention and reduction. Professor Daly continued on to point out, that the state also has the responsibility to redress imbalances caused by those people who take illegal advantage of another or diminish their human dignity [ (Daly, 2012) ]. To sum it up, the criminal justice system’s......

Words: 996 - Pages: 4

Criminal Justice System Paper

...Criminal Justice System Paper Pablo Zausa CJA/204 September 25, 2012 Professor Brent Kagawa Criminal Justice System Paper In CJi module interactive learning, crime is defined “ a conduct in violation of the criminal laws of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse.” There are many points of view and controversies in defining what crime is, it is complex and very difficult to agree upon. From a sociological standpoint, it suggests that the concept of crime should include many behaviors that are not defined by laws or the political process. It views crime as any antisocial act the needs to be repressed to maintain society. In psychological standpoint, it suggests that the crime is an individual’s way of expressing the inability to follow the social norms. The psychological view does not care about the traditional elements of crime, if a person cannot respond appropriately or effectively to the demands of the environment, then the individual is criminal or maladaptive. Other people define crime that any wrongdoing and action against the law of God whether as revealed in the Bible, the Koran, or the Torah which naturally recognize as against God’s will irrespectively of what the State of law say it is still a crime. My definition of a crime is any unethical behaviors, actions that a person committed against the law whether it is the State, Federal government, local......

Words: 1059 - Pages: 5

The Components of the Criminal Justice System

...The Components of the Criminal Justice System Michael Jinkerson CJS200 2/28/2014 Craig Levins The criminal justice system is made up of the various different organizations and processes created by State and Federal Governments in an effort to control crime and inflict penalties on individuals who break the laws. A single universal criminal justice system does not exist in the United States. What we do have are many similar, individual systems. The criminal justice system works differently in each area depending on the jurisdiction that is in charge. These systems vary from city, county, state, federal or tribal government or military installation. The different jurisdictions have various laws, agencies, and processes of managing criminal justice procedures. The main systems are comprised of the State system and the Federal System. The state system is responsible for handling crimes committed within their state borders. The Federal System is responsible for handling crimes committed on federal property or occurring in more than one state. Most criminal justice systems are made up of three major components being Law enforcement, the courts and Corrections. They also have two other components being Prosecution and Defense Attorneys. The first major component and the front line defense against criminal activity is Law Enforcement. Law enforcement officials are responsible for recording reports on crimes that happen within their jurisdiction. Investigators review......

Words: 1235 - Pages: 5

Criminal Justice System

...Criminal Justice System The definition of crime can be a conduct in violation of the criminal laws of the state, the federal government, or a local jurisdiction, for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. A type of crime can differ in each state and will not always be persecuted the same way. Marijuana is an example, because in most states it is a crime to smoke marijuana, it is legal in some other states. The criminal justice system has three components, police, courts, and corrections. Each three of them have to work together to ensure the system is performed correctly and fairly. The police enforce the law, investigate crimes and apprehend the offenders. In the counts the jury and judge determinate if the defended is either guilty or innocent. If defended is found guilty, he or she may be incarcerated in correction facilities. These corrections not only help to protect the community from criminals but also rehabilitate criminals. * The criminal justice goals are deterrence, incapacitation, retribution, rehabilitation and restoration. Deterrence seeks to prevent criminal events by creating fear in criminals’ minds through punishments. Incapacitation is to take the offender’s ability to commit a crime; incarceration is one way of incapacitation. When a criminal is punished or pays victim compensation is called retribution. We normally believe that justice prevails only when an offender is punished. Rehabilitation is an important goal in the......

Words: 656 - Pages: 3

Criminal Justice Systems

...Criminal Justice System Paper CJA/204 8/2/2011 Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice is known as a system of rules and institutions of governments focused on upholding social control, deterring or reducing crime, or dealing with subjects who violate laws with penalties and rehabilitation efforts. In order to have a system in place to counter crime and those who commit it, we must first understand what crime is. According to Eagle Systems Home Security (July 10, 2006), “A crime is an act that violates law of any person or social grouping. It is a violation of criminal law, which is the standard of bad behavior”. Subjects accused of crimes have certain protections against abuse of power during investigation and prosecution. The United States Criminal Justice System is broken down into three sections; Police, Courts, and Corrections. Each component is critical in achieving the goal of protecting individuals constitutional rights through enforcement of standards of conduct. The first component in the Criminal Justice System is Policing. The Police are at the tip of the spear in the system. Police are the first entity in the criminal justice system that an offender will come into contact with. Officers will conduct an investigation into suspected wrong-doing and make an arrest of the suspected offender. Police Officers in America are tasked with a wide-ranging mission that grows increasingly more dangerous. Never before in the history of the......

Words: 909 - Pages: 4

Criminal Justice System

...Criminal Justice System Criminal Justice System Crime is defined in different ways by different sources. I will show two different sources that define crime but ultimately they mean the same thing just worded differently. The definition of crime in The Merriam-Webster dictionary is defined as an act or the commission of an act that is forbidden or the omission of a duty that is commanded by a public law and that makes the offender liable to punishment by that law; especially :  a gross violation of law. Crime defined in the criminal justice field is defined as conduct in violation of the criminal laws of a state, the federal government, or local jurisdiction for which there is no legally acceptable justification or excuse. There is a very unique relationship between crime and the law. If there are no laws then what constitutes a crime? There would be no crime because there would be no violations that would be punishable. This would cause mass chaos among the people. People would take matters into their own hands. Each individual would become their own judge, juror, and executioner. This is something that society could not handle and this is why there is a need for order by making laws and enforcing them. The two most common models that society deems what and which acts are criminal are the Consensus model and the Conflict model. The Consensus model is a perspective from the criminal justice field that it is assumed that all the components work together consistently to...

Words: 1214 - Pages: 5

The Criminal Justice System

...Criminal Justice System CJA-204 June 01, 2015 Criminal Justice System Crime is “any act or omission in violation of penal law, committed without defense or justification, and made punishable by the state in a judicial proceeding” (Schmalleger, Hall, Dolatowski, 2010, p. 4). Laws are principles and regulations that are established to keep the people in some form of order. If the people stray from these regulations and principles, they may actually be committing a crime. Government Structure The criminal justice system is made up of agencies from the local, state, and federal levels. There are also three branches of government. These three branches of government include the Legislature, Judicial, and Executive branches. The legislative branch is responsible for making the laws. The judicial branch is responsible for determining if laws are constitutional and can also overturn prior rulings by other judges. The executive branch is responsible for signing and vetoing laws. A president is elected, by the people, to be the head of the executive branch every four years. Choice Theories Choice theories are explanations as to why crime is committed. These theories come in the form of eight general categories. These categories include classical, biological, psychological, psychobiological, sociological, social process, conflict, and emergent. Classical theory involves the individual’s exercise of his or her free will. Biological theory refers to genes that......

Words: 904 - Pages: 4

Compnents of the Criminal Justice System

...Components of the Criminal Justice System Byron S. Salter 03/03/12 CJA/204 Introduction to Criminal Justice Michael Paris The three major components of the criminal justice system are policing, corrections, and the courts system. They all work together to prevent crime and to punish those who have committed crime, but they can also work as individual units to make self service gains. This paper will go into detail the components of the criminal justice system; define what crime is and its relationship to the law, and the government structure as it applies to the criminal justice system. Essentially, crime is an offensive act that can be punishable by law. Once a law is in the books, if it has been violated, offended, or broken, a crime is committed. The police are the first points of contact with dealing with the criminal justice system. They are the ones that are initially involved with enforce the law, maintain public order, collecting evidence and investigating when a crime occurs. Once an investigation is conducted, and evidence is collected, an arrest is made and corrections gets involved. Corrections is considered the prison and jail systems, parole, and probation. Corrections begin sentences carried by the court systems, rehabilitate and reform prisoners. The last component of the criminal justice system would be the courts. This is where an indictment is handed down, make sure due process is carried out, as well as sentencing. “The level of the offense or......

Words: 813 - Pages: 4

Cross Functional Relationships of Components to Criminal Justice System to Investigation

...reflect a conscious choice to maintain space between dominant and co cultural members. The abuses I grew up with and faced in school lead me to choose a catholic. I also learned about this school from my Therapist. Trinity University is a ministry school and the class-room sizes are not huge like state schools. I cannot learn in large settings. Sometimes I wished I went to school far away. Penn-state was my interest. They did not admit me. When I applied, I was still living at home and the family was not scattered. I was just looking for a way out. After the passing of my brother I attended Test Technology College. I was in the Criminal Justice Program at first then I switched over to Medical Assisting. Becoming a Nurse was my goal however, when I found out that people’s lives are in my hands I switched back to Criminal Justice. My sticking with Criminal Justice also has to do with my brother’s murder from a stray bullet in 2006. Becoming a Prosecutor is my dream job after graduation. If I do not get into law school then I will go for my Master’s in Forensics’ or International Security. Due process and the protection of people’s rights truly interest me. IDENTITY, LOVE, AND LIFE LESSONS Even though, I grew up as a Catholic, which is Christian faith as we became older mummy started taking us to White garments churches. After a bad experience with that, our mother took us to Pentecostal churches. Eventually, most of us stopped going to church or went to churches of our own.......

Words: 2229 - Pages: 9

Components of the Criminal Justice System

...What are the components of the criminal justice system? How do the components impact the overall process of the criminal justice system? What changes would you recommend to better improve the criminal justice process? Explain. The three components of the criminal justice system are the police, correctional agencies, and criminal courts. The Police are the first step in the judicial system. They are the first responders to any crime scene which goes into the investigation process. The investigation process will then lead to possible arrests; the criminal is then booked and processed. They are given a court date and from that point the case is in the criminal courts domain. Once a suspect is given a court date the Criminal Courts then conduct a fair and impartial trial. The criminal courts are there to protect the rights of anyone facing processing by the justice system. The suspect is then found guilty or not guilty. If the defendant is found guilty they are then transferred from the county jail, where they were being held, to a state prison or correctional facility. The Correctional Agencies are the final step in the criminal justice system. Sometimes this is the end of the road for some offenders and other times appeals are filed and it will go back to the court system. Correctional facilities have different levels: minimum security and maximum security. The severity of the crime will determine which one of the facilities the criminal will end up in. The changes I......

Words: 528 - Pages: 3