Studying

In: Business and Management

Submitted By shonu
Words 3764
Pages 16
| |

| | | | | | Theories of Leadership

Management Topics | | Theories of leadershipLeadership has been described as the �process of social influence in which one person is able to enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task� [1]. A definition more inclusive of followers comes from Alan Keith of Genentech who said "Leadership is ultimately about creating a way for people to contribute to making something extraordinary happen." [2] Students of leadership have produced theories involving traits [3], situational interaction, function, behavior, power, vision and values [4], charisma, and intelligence among others.Trait theoryTrait theory tries to describe the types of behavior and personality tendencies associated with effective leadership. This is probably the first academic theory of leadership. Ronald Heifetz (1994) traces the trait theory approach back to the nineteenth-century tradition of associating the history of society to the history of great men.[5] Thomas Carlyle can be considered one of the pioneers of the trait theory. In On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and the Heroic History (1841) he used such approach to identify the talents, skills and physical characteristics of men who arose to power.Proponents of the trait approach usually list leadership qualities, assuming certain traits or characteristics will tend to lead to effective leadership. Shelley Kirkpatrick and Edwin A. Locke (1991) exemplify the trait theory. They argue that "key leader traits include: drive (a broad term which includes achievement, motivation, ambition, energy, tenacity, and initiative), leadership motivation (the desire to lead but not to seek power as an end in itself), honesty, integrity, self-confidence (which is associated with emotional stability), cognitive ability, and knowledge of the business. According to their…...

Similar Documents

Reflection: Studying

...need to know. Next the book talks about making a study guide for your classes. They talk about ripping out your notes and putting them together by topic. Then they say to make questions for the study guides so you can answer them to study from. I mark at the top of the page of my notes so I know which exam each page is for. I have a real problem with taking my notes out of my notebook because they can get lost more easily then keeping them in my notebook. Next is the full on studying point, when I study I like to look over past quizzes because majority of the time the professor will put that question on the exam or a variation of a question. I tend to focus more on the quizzes with the lower score. And after it talks about taking the exam and how you should give A+ answers. I go through and read the questions before I start answering and I will go to the ones I know and answer those first, then try at the harder ones. Overall I think I have a very good way at going about taking notes and studying. It isn’t a perfect way though and sometimes I do study material that I do not need to know, but with a few suggestions from the book I believe I can slightly add on to the way I do things and make understanding things easier....

Words: 563 - Pages: 3

Studying Leadership

...Studying Leadership LDR/531 March 26, 2012 Studying Leadership Leadership is a vital part in any organization. Although there is not one set definition when it comes to leadership, words that are often associated with leadership include guidance, facilitator, and structure (Yukl, 2010). “After a comprehensive review of the leadership literature, Stogdill (1974, p. 259) concluded that ‘there are almost as many definitions of leadership as there are persons who have attempted to define the concept.’” (Yukl, 2010, p. 2). As convoluted as this concept may be, it is undeniable that such a complex behavior is not an easy task. Thus, there are several different approaches to studying leadership. Among these approaches is the situational approach. Situational Approach The situational leadership theory, developed by Dr. Paul Hersey and Ken Blanchard, focuses on the importance of contextual factors that manipulate leadership practices. “Major situational variables include the characteristics of followers, the nature of the work performed by the leader’s unit, the type of organization, and the nature of the external environment” (Yukl, 2010, p. 14). According to the situational leadership theory, the style of leadership that should be used is based on the maturity level of the followers. There are four types of maturity levels that range from high maturity to low maturity. Based on the maturity level of the group, there are four leadership styles that are appropriate:......

Words: 700 - Pages: 3

Studying Abroad

...Topic Area: Education Title: Does studying abroad provide better opportunities? General Purpose: To persuade Specific Purpose: To persuade my audience that studying abroad provides better opportunities. Central Idea/ Thesis Statement: Studying abroad can provide better opportunities because it can yield academic benefits, provide social and cultural benefits and enhance employment opportunities. Organizational Pattern: Problem-Solution I INTRODUCTION (Problem) A. Attention Getter: Have you ever dreams of studying overseas, mix with other people from the other countries from all over the world? I am sure all of you want to study abroad but don’t have that opportunity. Well, what makes a difference between students studying abroad and students studying at local universities? Nowadays, a difference we can see are employment opportunities for student studying abroad is higher compared to employment opportunities for students from local universities. B. Tie to the audience/reason to listen: Students like us will graduate a few years more, and during that time we will find that it is not easy to seek for a job. Today’s job market for graduating students is extremely competitive. You’re not only competing for jobs with students from your university or your country but you’re competing with students from across the world. C. Credibility Statement: Once students complete their education abroad, they’ll possibly have very high profiled jobs in well known organizations.......

Words: 1249 - Pages: 5

Studying

...Chapter II: methods and materials Methology * Identify the problem * Search for solutions in internet Source of data *www.independence.edu.com *www.ehow.com *www.palgrave.com Results and data analysis FACTORS THAT AFFECT STUDYING : Sometimes, no matter how much you’ve worked to create a study habit and stay focused, other factors creep in. Sometimes they’re not even something you can control—but when you’re aware of the things that can slip you up while you’re charging ahead through your nursing administration degree, you’re much more likely to succeed. Here are 5 factors that can affect your studying: 1.Weather- Seriously. You can’t control the weather—but you can stay aware of how it affects you, both positively and negatively. A sunshiney day is going to put you in a positive mood, but it could also be contributing to your urge to procrastinate and go play. On a gloomy, rainy day, time can sometimes feel like it’s slipping away—and with it, your study hours. And it’s not just emotional: bad weather, bad roads, and delayed buses can screw up your whole schedule. All of these factors are things to make notes of and plan for when it comes to arranging your day, and your study time. 2. Your social life. It’s important to have good people in your life to help keep you balanced, because you can’t dedicate your entire emotional well-being to your medical specialties training. But it’s also too easy to let the balance slip. Try to strike a sane, healthy......

Words: 1785 - Pages: 8

Studying Marketing

...As a marketing student, we are always told that we have to know what customers want and then satisfy them. But Economic tells us human wants are unlimited. Therefore, creativity is the essence of satisfying infinite desires that seem to be impossible. Obstacle of achieving career goal Studying Marketing is one of my dreams. This career goal was set during the secondary school years. As I like thinking new ideas, I think this study field is quite suitable for me. Also, I enjoy presenting ideas in front of others and I like interacting with different people, my teachers and family members support me to choose this stream very much. However, one obstacle appeared at that time. My public exam result was very bad that I could not be promoted to university degree. At that time, I thought my dream was over and my life had come to an end. Of course, facing failure in public exam is not easy for me. Even though I knew that there are several paths to enter university, this strike affected me a lot. After entering HKCC, I further knew about myself and my interest. I was surer that I chose the right career path. And as I have lost a chance to enter university, I treasure every opportunity to train myself and get ready to compete with others. I got well prepared by having deeper understanding of the real world situation. So I am ready to face any challenge that may be encountered in these few years....

Words: 254 - Pages: 2

Studying Abroad

...and an ideal place to experience other ways of life, giving me an open mind and respect for different cultures. I was able to overcome the challenges of living in a foreign country and mature into an independent, flexible, and adaptable person. Studying in Prague will allow me to mature and experience personal growth by being immersed in a new culture and independently taking on the challenges of living in a foreign country. My personal growth will be channeled through the variety of CHID and PolSci courses the program offers and also engage in intellectually stimulating international field trips. Although I will not be dealing with a language barrier in my classes, I will come across people of many ethnicities and customs throughout Prague and Central Europe. From now until my departure, I plan to research Prague’s numerous cultural aspects to increase my respect and understanding of its social and cultural norms and not confuse them with my own. I am qualified to participate in the CHID Prague Program since I have had much success in taking analytical and critical thinking business classes here at the UW, maintaining a 3.58 cumulative GPA. We live in a diverse world ranging from economic to political to personal differences. Studying in Prague will allow me to grow academically and prepare to be a global thinker post graduation into the business world. After taking Introduction to International Relations and Introduction to Law, Societies, and Justice this year, I gained......

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Studying Online

...“The Noisy Learner” Studying online has its own advantages. Students can choose to study at their convenient time.Others, not very good at expressing themselves in crowded traditional classrooms, may find it easier to express their ideas online. To study online, being a “Noisy Learner” seems to be an option. Well ,let’s first find out why is it nescessary to be one. Online classes very are different from traditional on campus ones. In traditional classes, students can hear eachothers voice and see eachothers face expression.Online classes don’t have none of the above and here students mainly rely on discussion board posts, chat room dialogs and emails.Communication is the key here.Without active and creative communication,the chances of successfully finishing the course might be put at risk. Being a “Noisy Learner”would certainly help and I would take the following step to begin with: First, I would follow the “netiquette” rules by respecting others views and presenting my views in a way that does not offend others. These are just the basics rules for online surfing. Secondly, I would regularly check the discussion board posts, chat room dialogs and emails. This way, I would be up to date with everything going on in class. I would also take my time getting to know my classmates and lecturers. Knowing everyone's personality and cultural backgrounds would help a lot in general. I would also exchange ideas with my peers and never be shy asking...

Words: 321 - Pages: 2

Studying Adroad

...people's standard of living increase,they often think about improving their knowledge for a better life.To do that,they choose to study in developed contries where they can get progressive education.However,everything has its advantages and disadvantages,so studying abroad is not an exeptation. In my opinion, I think studying abroad is the beat way to improve ourselve.As you know, there are obvious advantages to study abroad. Fristly, We have chance to improve our language. I think nothing is better than to learn language with the native speakers.Because we can practise with the local people what we study at school, so it is very useful to improve our listening and speaking skills.It also offer chances to discover the new cultures,way of thinking,history,customs and lifestyles. Futhermore, we have opportunities to study the new technologies and most recent science achivements.In addition, we are equipped with the valuaable and updated knowledge which may help us find jobs easily after graduating. However, studying abroad is often expensive.We have to pay not only for our school fees but also for our living cost.Therefore, finance may become the biggest problem. Consequently, it distracts our mind from studying to earning money. Last but not least,adapting to a new environment is e real challenge for every foreign student.While changing the weather can affect our health,different cultures and customs may influence our mind and make us become less confident or......

Words: 346 - Pages: 2

Studying Abroad

...Studying Abroad “One’s destination is never a place but a new way of seeing things.” Henry Miller. This quote is an expression of my opinion about studying abroad. I have dreamed about travelling to different country, studying there and meeting new people. I had an image about it in my mind that was full of nothing but excitement. In fact, studying abroad is a great chance to discover a new life and challenge myself to fit into it. Now after a year and half of studying in the United States I can say that it was one of my best decisions. I am learning lots of things from it, not only about school subjects, but about myself and life. Studying abroad is an open door for discovery, maturity and acceptance. Studying abroad helped me discover the strong relationship between me and my family. When I used to be with my family, I did not imagine how life is going to be away from them until I traveled to the US. I am now more aware of the value of being around my family, sharing stories at the end of the day or going into a conflict about silly things. Likewise, I understand the necessity of my mother's warm hug and sweet kisses every day. Also, as an international student I am missing a lot of family events back in my home. For instance, my only sister was pregnant a couple months ago. My mind was with her all the time, and each time she would not answer her phone I would think that something bad happened either to her or to the baby. Later on she......

Words: 741 - Pages: 3

Studying

...When reading “Science of Memory-for studying and for life”, this made me think of different methods I use that are helpful to me when I need to study new material. The article talks about a process with 4 different steps organizing, encoding, rehearsing, and retrieving. I do not use all 4 but all could be helpful when learning. Organization is the first step I use to memorize any new material. Notes will not help anymore if they are poorly written on not well organized. You should arrange material so it’s easy for you to review and understand it. Experimenting with different organizational techniques will also help you find an approach that is helpful to you. Encoding is another helpful step of the process. To help your memory process try to pay attention to one thing, do not split your attention with different issues. Talk about key information that needs to be remembered. When you process the information think about it and truly process it, use mental pictures if possible to “double-encode” the information. Next is rehearsing this is the step I mostly use. Some people find it helpful to rewrite notes as a form of rehearsing. I personally take flash cards and put key information on them I’m not too sure about and study from them. Study groups can also help people rehearse, just seeing how someone else interrupted the learning material. When reading the material ask yourself questions, “what did I just read”, “what does this mean”, also test yourself on the information you...

Words: 763 - Pages: 4

Studying Religion

...Studying Religion REL/134 June 29, 2015 Studying Religion Components of Religion are expansive inside of one viewpoint with a composed gathering of convictions with distinctive implications. Contingent upon an individual’s religious faith, this individual will rise above their convictions within their own power. There is no distinction amongst the natural and supernatural, and amongst beings and non-beings (Molloy, 2013). When an individual decides to practice a religion this can be of many choices, such as Judaism, Christianity, or Muslim. In Judaism religion, Jewish believe in Yahweh, Christians believe in God the creator of the universe, and Muslims believe in Muhammad a prophet from God. For a long time the practice of any religion has transcended above from era to era there are numerous practices, which occur today. The outside appearances of religions for example structures, artifacts, and rituals will illustrate how each religion contains their own attributes that differs from other forms of religion. Although, in some characteristics of worship, especially in the sense of spiritual occurrences all religions do share similar essentials in their faith that progresses beyond any individual’s everyday learnings, and it is impossible to be illustrated through language. According to Molloy “scholars that individuals ordinarily call religions manifest to some point following the eight elements” (Molloy, 2013). These eight elements are a belief system,......

Words: 842 - Pages: 4

Studying Locally and Studying Overseas

...Studying locally and studying overseas The advantages and disadvantages of studying locally and studying overseas have long been discussed especially among high school graduates. The options available to pursue further in studies and the choices made will contribute to how a particular individual’s future is shaped. Both studying locally and studying overseas have their ups and downs that could benefit students or causes challenges for them. Studying locally and studying overseas can be compared in terms of cost of living, academic benefits, language and more. First and foremost, the cost of living of studying overseas is higher especially in well-developed countries. With a present low Ringgit Malaysia currency value, it should be tougher for students to meet the basic needs in countries like the United States and Australia. The fees for college itself is already expensive and this does not yet include the expenditure for accommodation, food and transportation. Contradictory, studying locally is much cheaper. Moreover, the presence of government universities help student to pay cheaper college fees. Even if the students don’t study in a government college or university, there are quite a high number of financial aids being provided as loans or scholarships. The expenditure for accommodation, transportation, and basic needs are also cheaper. Furthermore, studying overseas allows the opportunity to travel providing students with new and more experiences. Students get to......

Words: 547 - Pages: 3

Studying

...Pursing an experience of a life time studying Abroad In Italy Culture and Communication Northern Kentucky University Abstract This manual was made to provide future students that want to study aboard with a better understanding of Italian culture before they arrive at their designated place to study in Italy. If future readers read, and comprehend this information given to them, they will have a more successful, and entertaining time studying abroad. Students must be prepared to have a very good work ethic in the classroom, and listen to their instructors to receive worthy grades. We will discuss all aspects of Italian culture from food till all the way to politics. We will give you general knowledge about Italian culture, that will make life a lot simpler for you when you arrive in Italy, so you have time to adjust to the new culture environment you are about to live in. Italy is well known for its very rich culture all over the world. People come from all over the world to come visit just to get a small taste of it. Since you are studying abroad, you are lucky enough to get a full course meal of Italian culture over the next few months while you live in Italy. We will go through the main aspects of Italian culture. First starting with the objective characteristics of Italian culture. Next we will go over the subjective features, then follow it up with the communicative aspects of Italian culture. History: I feel that it is appropriate to start things out......

Words: 702 - Pages: 3

Studying Religion

...Studying Religion Studying Religion Studying religions is going to be very informing since I don't follow any religion in my life. Understanding how and what each religion believes and why is going to be fascinating. I do know there is a God. I know there is a book of stories to help follow your God and way of life, and to also pass on stories of the past. It appears that each religion is a way for those following it to answers the unanswerable questions in life. Why are we here, what do we do here, why do people suffer, why do we die, these are a few issues I believe people pursue religion. Some religions tell you to live a certain way and have guidelines for you to follow. Some have you sacrifice a living thing for God. So how do you decide which religion to believe? You can support your tribe, family, or country and believe in the same as everyone else. You can study religions as this course will have us to, and find a better understanding of a God and which you have a closer connection with. Some choose to praise from home or with family and friends. Well, others have a set day and time to gather together in church. Christianity and Islam both recognize Jesus as a great prophet. Where Judaism has no similarities to Christianity. The difference is a part of religions that has puzzled me, how can some have similarities and other seem to be in a world of their own. How can the "Book of God" change over time? Why did stories change or fail to make the first cut? How......

Words: 534 - Pages: 3

Studying

...Monday, 01 December 2008 00:42 With many habits, the sooner you start practicing and developing good habits, the better chance you will have that you will continue with them. We all know that good study habits are essential to educational success. Good study habits are an important part of any student's success. We probably can diminish the academic dishonesty by promoting good study habits with students, and letting the students know that good study habits are very important when it comes to school. Still, even procrastination can be overcome with proper study habits, and improving your study habits is the key to better studying. Good study habits are a great tool to have in the toolbox of life. Many of the tips for success for online students are the same as those for students in an onsite classroom. Consider asking your school's student council to take on a study tips project. Following a few simple study tips can help students effectively learn new concepts and theories. There have been numerous published tips students can use as a guide for good study habits. A good way to stay organized is to use folders so you child can keep his/her assignments until needed and it is a great way of staying organized. Once children reach the grades where homework and tests are part of the curriculum, there are many things parents can do to encourage good study habits. An effective way to study is to study before and while you do the homework. A little amount of homework may help......

Words: 478 - Pages: 2