Sino-Russian Space Partnership

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Submitted By azazello
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О российско-китайском сотрудничестве в области космоса

История российско-китайских отношений в сфере космических технологий насчитывает вот уже более 50 лет. Ещё на заре становления китайской ракетно-космической отрасли большая группа специалистов из Советского Союза помогала создавать её научно-исследовательскую и производственно-технологическую базу. За прошедшие с того времени годы формат отношений, конечно, изменился, но взаимовыгодное сотрудничество продолжает неуклонно развиваться. В 2000 году в рамках Российско-Китайской комиссии по подготовке регулярных встреч глав правительств была сформирована Подкомиссия по сотрудничеству в области космоса, которая с тех пор провела уже одиннадцать заседаний, на которых рассматривались различные вопросы двустороннего взаимодействия в этой области. В 2010 году начата реализация вот уже четвёртой по счёту Программы российско-китайского сотрудничества в области космоса (на 2010-2012 годы), включающей 46 тем. В настоящий момент наиболее масштабным проектом двусторонних отношений в сфере космических технологий является совместное исследование Фобоса и Марса. Данный проект реализуется на базе соглашения, которое было подписано руководителями космических ведомств России и Китая 26 марта 2007 г. в Кремле, во время визита в Российскую Федерацию Председателя КНР Ху Цзиньтао. Данным Соглашением предусматривается, что вместе с российским космическим аппаратом «Фобос-Грунт» к Марсу будет направлен и китайский микроспутник «Инхо-1», изготовленный Шанхайской исследовательской академией космической техники. После выхода КА «Фобос-Грунт» на орбиту вокруг Марса произойдет отделение китайского микроспутника. Благодаря уникальной возможности нахождения на орбите Марса сразу двух космических аппаратов будут проведены совместные эксперименты по радиопросвечиванию его атмосферы и изучению магнитосферы,…...

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