Ship Structures

In: Science

Submitted By hasan16
Words 11349
Pages 46
Ship Design and Construction
Written by an International Group of Authorities Thomas Lamb, Editor

Volume II

Y OF NA IET VA C O

L

CHITECT AR S

&
RINE E NG MA I

The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers 601 Pavonia Avenue • Jersey City, NJ • 07306

THE ERS S NE



Published in 2004 by

Copyright © 2004 The Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers. ISBN 0-939773-41-4 The opinions or assertions of the authors herein are not to be construed as official or reflecting the views of SNAME. It is understood and agreed that nothing expressed herein is intended or shall be construed to give any person, firm, or corporation any right, remedy, or claim against SNAME or any of its officers or members. Design by Andrew MacBride. Printed in the United States of America by Sheridan Books.

Contents

Acknowledgments

ix xv

Author Biographies for Volume II

Chapter 27 Multipurpose Cargo Ships
27.1 Description 27-1 27.4 References 27-35

Horst Linde, Berlin University of Technology, Faculty of Transport Technology, Institute of Land and Sea Transport, Germany 27.2 Design Issues 27-28 27.3 Ship Characteristics 27-35

Chapter 28 Reefer Ships

Allan M. Friis, The Technical University of Denmark, Denmark 28.3 Design Issues 28-26

28.1 Description 28-1 28.2 System Design 28-8 28.4 Ship Characteristics 28-27

Chapter 29 Oil Tankers

Michael Osborne, Shell International Trading and Shipping, UK, and R. Keith Michel, Herbert Engineering Corp., U.S.A. 29.1 Oil Tanker Description 29-1 29.4 Ship Characteristics 29-38 29.2 Oil Tanker Systems 29-19 29.5 References 29-41 29.3 Design Issues 29-34

Chapter 30 Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) Vessels
Chevron Texaco, U.S.A.

Peter A. Ridley,

30.1 Nomenclature 30-1 30.2 Mission 30-2 30.3 Understanding the Basic Economics of FPSOs 30-3 30.4 Designing for the…...

Similar Documents

Battle Ships

...Latorre was officially ordered on 2 November 1911, and was laid down less than a month later on 27 November,[9][12] becoming the largest ship built by Armstrong at the time.[13] The New York Tribune reported on 2 November 1913 that Greece had reached an accord to purchase Almirante Latorre during a war scare with the Ottoman Empire,[14] but despite a developing sentiment within Chile to sell one or both of the dreadnoughts, no deal was made.[15][16][N 2] Almirante Latorre was launched on 27 November 1913,[18][19][N 3] in an elaborate ceremony that was attended by various dignitaries and presided over by Chile's ambassador to the United Kingdom, Agustín Edwards Mac Clure. The battleship was christened by the ambassador's wife, Olga Budge de Edwards.[10] After the First World War broke out in Europe, Almirante Latorre was formally purchased by the United Kingdom on 9 September 1914;[9][18][20][21] she was not forcibly seized like the Ottoman Reshadieh and Sultan Osman I, two other ships being built for a foreign navy, because of Chile's "friendly neutral" status with the United Kingdom.[20] fter the end of the war in Europe, Chile began to seek additional ships to bolster its fleet. The United Kingdom offered many of its surplus warships, including the two remaining Invincible-class battlecruisers.[N 4] The news that Chile could possibly buy a ship to compete...

Words: 303 - Pages: 2

Structure

...61 - - - - fishing boat V93.62 - - - - jetskis V93.63 - - - - liner V93.61 - - - - merchant ship V93.60 - - - - passenger ship V93.61 - - - - sailboat V93.64 - mine tram —see Accident, transport, industrial vehicle occupant - mobility scooter (motorized) —see Accident, transport, pedestrian, conveyance, specified type NEC - motor scooter —see Accident, transport, motorcyclist - motor vehicle NOS (traffic) (see also Accident, transport) V89.2 - - nontraffic V89.0 - - three-wheeled NOS —see Accident, transport, three-wheeled motor vehicle occupant - motorcycle NOS —see Accident, transport, motorcyclist - nonmotor vehicle NOS (nontraffic) (see also Accident, transport) V89.1 - - traffic NOS V89.3 - nontraffic (victim's mode of transport NOS) V88.9 - - collision (between) V88.7 - - - bus and truck V88.5 - - - car and: - - - - bus V88.3 - - - - pickup V88.2 - - - - three-wheeled motor vehicle V88.0 - - - - train V88.6 - - - - truck V88.4 - - - - two-wheeled motor vehicle V88.0 - - - - van V88.2 - - - specified vehicle NEC and: - - - - three-wheeled motor vehicle V88.1 - - - - two-wheeled motor vehicle V88.1 - - known mode of transport —see Accident, transport, by type of vehicle - - noncollision V88.8 - on board watercraft V93.89 - - powered craft V93.83 - - - ferry boat V93.81 - - - fishing boat V93.82 - - - jetskis V93.83 - - - liner V93.81 - - - merchant ship V93.80 - - - passenger ship V93.81 - - unpowered craft V93.88 - - - canoe V93.85 - - - inflatable V93.86 - - - - in tow ...

Words: 34654 - Pages: 139

Best Cruise Ship

...BEST CRUISE SHIPS Allure of the seas The biggest cruise ship ever constructed can carry 6,360 passengers and beats Oasis of the Seas by a mere 5 centimeters in length! Oasis of the seas Another water-wonder from Royal Caribbean, Oasis of the seas is the sister ship of Allure of the seas and debuted in December 2009. Norwegian Epic Norwegian Cruise Line’s (NCL) Epic debuted in June 2010 and has been a favorite with passengers ever since. Innovation has been a catalyst in making Epic’s journey a hit with people. Solo studio cabins, ice-bar, performances by Blue-man group, new wave cabins and translucent bathrooms; the innovative changes are a pleasant change. Queen Mary 2 The first ever cruise line to be built for transatlantic voyage, QM2 was always regarded as the biggest cruise line in the world till Allure of the seas comfortably took its place on the number one spot. Since QM2 is used to cross the Atlantic Ocean, it’s designing and construction is a bit different from the other cruise liners. Freedom of the Seas Ruler of the cruising world, Royal Caribbean has another winner in its kitty, Freedom of the seas. The first ship to feature a surf-simulator onboard, Freedom of the seas is considered one the best cruise liners in the world. Liberty of the seas Sister vessel of the Freedom ship, Liberty is the second largest ship on the seas, coming after the Oasis sisters. Cruising between the Mediterranean and the Caribbean, Liberty is actually not very different......

Words: 2368 - Pages: 10

Famine Ships

...Name Class Professor Date The Famine Ships: A Wing and a Prayer The Famine Ships is a book written by Edward Laxton about the Irish exodus from their ravished homeland. The focus on the book is describing what it was like to travel on these ships across the Atlantic Ocean while encountering storms, icebergs, disease, and starvation. The trips were often long and horrifying for the passengers, but they were forced to make the journey due to worsening conditions in Ireland at the time. As the potato crop continued to fail, more and more Irish left their homeland for America and Canada on these famine ships. In search of a better existence, many Irish risked their lives by taking the 3,000-mile voyage on ships that weren’t fit for service. Many of them died from sickness, starvation or accidents while in route, yet they kept coming, for their fate at home was even worse. Between 1846 and 1851 emigration from Ireland to America and Canada increased drastically due to the deteriorating famine conditions in Ireland. When the potato crop failed in 1846, “more than 100,000 had crossed the Atlantic by year’s end” (Laxton 13). This mass evacuation of people required more ships than were available, so many ships were refitted in order to carry passengers one way and then freight the other. The living quarters beneath the ships were over crowded and unsanitary. Wooden boards were thrown together in the ship’s hold as makeshift bunks, and each passenger had a......

Words: 929 - Pages: 4

Foucault and the Ship of Fools

...MICHEL FOUCAULT & THE SHIP OF FOOLS TERM PAPER - WESTERN PHILOSOPHY Submitted by, Meera M Panicker 1st yr Integrated MA Introduction When I started reading Foucault’s madness and Civilization, i had no idea about what i was going to do for the term paper. I was just fascinated by how his ideas on all of it, madness and normality sounded. When i started reading, it was at first not easy to understand, but slowly i started understanding little by little. Foucaults works have little reiews from the west and more reviews from the French. The French had cut and dissected the book in no way the western world has, and this actually made reading harder because there were very little available on the subject. So, i have relied on more of a personal understanding of what i have read. The narrenschiff or the ship of fools, like it had fascinated Foucault also fascinated me. I was fascinated by how renaissance exalted madness and gloricised it in its artworks, but how event then it was excluded at the same time....

Words: 2227 - Pages: 9

Ship Operation

...rate of8 per cent. lfthe variable rate of interest the bank has to pay becomes 9 per cent, it will be paying more for its funds than it is receiving and therefore be incurring losses. Another important concern is default risk; that is, the risk that borrowers from the institution will default on their obligations. A further concern is regulatory risk, which is the risk that regulators will change the regulatory framework in a manner that will adversely affect the profitability of the institution. All deposit-taking institutions are also concerned with liquidity risk. Deposit institutions generally accept short'term deposits and transform much of these intc longer-term investments; this means that there is a mismatch between the maturitl structure of the institutions' liabilities and their assets. Should there be unexpectedlr large withdrawals by depositors, the deposit-taking institution could find itself shor: of funds and might be forced to borrow the funds at penal rates of interest from the central bank. There are a number of ways in which liquidity risk can be manageo for example, by holding sufficient cash reserves and investments in liquid securities which possess low price variability; by raising interest rates to discourage deposi: withdrawals; or by attracting new deposits. There are limits to the amount of liquic reserves that banks will wish to hol4 and short-term securities typically earn lowe: returns than long-term......

Words: 13846 - Pages: 56

Ship of Theseus

...the story of the ship of Theseus. In this story, a man named Theseus docked his ship and over time, he and the ship, grew old and weak. Over time, the ship started to fall apart and needed new parts until eventually all the original parts were replaced with new ones. This newly renovated ship is the first ship to consider. There is also a second ship that was reconstructed from all the original pieces of the old ship that had been set into a separate warehouse and put back together. We now have two ships: the renovated ship (created by replacing the old parts with new) and the reconstructed ship (created by reassembling the original pieces that had been removed). The question is: Which ship, the renovated or the reconstructed, is the original ship of Theseus? Whenever one makes an identity claim, such that two things are the same and share all the same properties, one usually uses two different descriptions to explain such phenomena. For example, "Mark Twain is Samuel Clemmons". Mark Twain is the author that most people know for writing The Adventure of Tom Sawyer, but this was his pen name, not his actual name; thus, making Mark Twain a descriptive name, but nevertheless having the same identity as Samuel Clemmons. Back to the ship of Theseus, the problem lies when trying to differentiate which ship is the original ship based on the principle of identity. Are the two ships the same as the original ship with only different descriptions? Is one the original ship while the......

Words: 644 - Pages: 3

Ship Building

...Ship Building Industry of Bangladesh      The history of indigenous shipbuilding in Bangladesh goes back a long way. It is one of the early industries developed in Bengal based on its old business of building boats and sea vessels. Bangladesh has a strong background in building ships since ancient times. Many countries of Asia and Europe regularly bought ships built in Chittagong.       Bangladesh has a strong background in building ships since ancient times. It is quite natural in that Bangladesh has more than 200 rivers with a total length of about 22,155km plus a long coast line on the Bay of Bengal. It is little known today that Bangladesh was the center of building ocean-going vessels in Asia between the 15th and 17th century.        In the early 19th century, the shipyards of Chittagong built many commercial ships of up to 1,000 tons and also British navy vessels that participated in the battle of Trafalgar in 1805. Due to this historic prosperous background and also a natural geographical advantage, there are presently more than 200 shipbuilding and ship-repair yards in Bangladesh. | Ship Building Industry in Bangladesh | Prospect of Shipbuilding Industry in Bangladesh:       The history of indigenous shipbuilding in Bangladesh goes back a long way. It began with wooden-bodied passenger vessels having two decks and gradually improved to steel-body construction of multi-deck passenger carriers in the eighties as the passenger transportation in reverine......

Words: 1866 - Pages: 8

Sunken Ship

...The Last Suffering Ship Reflection Dustin Teuton PHL/251 AUG 25, 2014 Robert DuBose The Last Suffering Ship Reflection The illness has taken its first life and people are starting to panic. By this point the crew has done all they can do to get the repairs done pushing them self to exhaustion. The nurses and helpers are tenting to all the patients and distributing the vaccine as fast as possible and to the right patients. I believe the way they are only giving half doses out and waiting to see who doesn’t show signs of getting better before giving the full dose is working and an affective way to calm more people down. I would try and isolate patients from non-sick passengers as much as possible to help prevent spread. For ship security most cruise lines or any kind of passenger ship should and would have a security team even if its trained crewmembers. They would also have a brig on board the ship for any type of crime that was committed, so in the case of the passengers who are starting to get edgy and wild trying to find the medication on there own and attacking crew members, I would have the security team deal with them in a manner that is stern but professional to show the rest of the passengers that in this case acting like a mad man and attacking crew to find the medication is going to land you a chance card straight to the brig. The captain should be updated by the doc every so often by a runner just to know what is going on with the illness. His......

Words: 795 - Pages: 4

Ship Breaking Industry

... Business Opportunity of Ship Breaking From Malaysia Submitted to Dr. Syed Ferhat Anwar Course Instructor International Business Environment (L301) Submitted by Group Eleven Ahamed Najeeb Rahman Tasnia Azim Choudhury Saifur Rahman Zahin Azad Moslem Abdullah Ar Rafee Section B BBA 20th Batch ZR74 RH76 ZR89 ZR121 ZR127 Institute of Business Administration University of Dhaka, Dhaka December 23, 2014 i December 23, 2014 Dr. Syed Ferhat Anwar Professor Institute of Business Administration University of Dhaka Dear Sir: Subject: Submission of Business Opportunity Strategy Paper It is an honor to submit a well-structured and comprehensive paper on “Business Opportunity of Ship Breaking from Malaysia” in due time. We have tried to follow your guidelines in every aspect of preparing this paper. Concentrating on the most relevant and logical areas to make the model coherent as well as feasible, has been key priority. We hope the Business Opportunity Strategy Paper charms your kind appreciation. Sincerely, Group 11 Ahamed Najeeb Rahman Tasnia Azim Choudhury Saifur Rahman Zahin Azad Moslem Abdullah Ar Rafee Section B, BBA 20th Batch IBA, University of Dhaka ZR74 RH76 ZR89 ZR121 ZR127 ii Table of Contents 1.0 Background ..................................................................................................................................... 1 2.0 Bangladesh: Country Overview ............................................................................

Words: 16229 - Pages: 65

The Dutch Ships

...The Dutch Ships by Rai San’yo was a great piece of history. The main purpose of this poem is to shed light on the happenings of the time. This was not a formal history piece, as it was designed to be an informal piece that described the events that occurred in the early 1800’s. The purpose for this piece was simple, yet complex. The poems form was meant to show the feeling that the people had about these ships and the people on them. This is demonstrated by the line, from the Dutch Ships by Rai Sanyon, “The red-haired Westerners are coming!”(Line 6). This was arguably an attempt to give the reader insight to the worry that the Dutch was causing by simply visiting the island. This is due to the inherent fear of cultural contamination that the Japanese had experienced 100 years ago. This was also entering a transition time for Japan; clashes of people’s were happening. This line serves to tell us their opinions of them, which gave a negative connotation. The term “red-haired Westerner” could be comparable to the term “slant eye” when trying to define negative connotation. This tells of the time period of Japan, early 1800’s as we know. The style of this poem matches well with how it sounds. The sentences are noticeably emotional, with short ideas in them. His comments demonstrated a quick and sporadic view of all that was happening. This style adds very well with how the author felt. The poem is oppressive in nature; this is not about welcoming the Westerners. Line 4 of......

Words: 1691 - Pages: 7

Ship

...precautions to be taken between the ship and the terminal. Where any question is not considered to be applicable, a note to that effect should be inserted in the remarks column. See ISGOTT Guidelines for Completing the Ship/Shore Safety Check List for more detail descriptions behind each specific question in below matrix. The presence of YES/NO in the columns "ships" and "terminal" indicates that checks shall be carried out by the party concerned. The presence of the letters A, P and R in the column "code" indicates the following: A The mentioned procedures and agreements shall be in writing and signed by both parties. P In case of a negative answer, the operation shall not be carried out without the permission of the Port Authority. R Indicates items to be re-checked at intervals not exceeding that agreed in the declaration. Items marked R to be confirmed checked with sign/time each they are checked. PART A – Bulk Liquid General – Physical Checks |Bulk Liquid - General |Ship |Terminal |Code |Remarks | |1 There is safe access between the ship and shore | | |R | | |2 The ship is securely moored? | | |R | | |3 The agreed ship/shore communication......

Words: 1912 - Pages: 8

Ship Break

...Ship Breaking Industry of Bangladesh Presentation Speech Slide1: Today I am going to talk about the burning issue of Bangladesh…It’s all about the ship breaking industry. Slide 2: Here is an outline of my presentation. Slide 3: At first let me make you know about the definition of ship breaking....... ship breaking and recycling is defined as an industry that, through the use of land, infrastructure, machinery, and labor and through the consumption of utilities, converts ships that have outlived their economic life into steel and other recyclable items, which are then sold in local markets. Slide 4: Ship breaking was started in 1960 in UK & USA and in Bangladesh it was introduced commercially in 1990. Slide 5: We know Bangladesh is gifted with many natural gifts. It has the large sea shore which is the great advantage of ship breaking…besides this the socio economic condition of Bangladesh is a plus point to this site. Slide 6: It is the overall picture of ship recycling in the world where Bangladesh holds the 2nd position. Slide 7&8: Here is an aerial information about the ship breaking area which is growing faster. Slide 9: As a giant in the ship breaking world Bangladesh is getting benefits from this site both economically and socially. You will be glad to know that government is earning a revenue of 9000 million in BDT each year from this industry…it meets the demand of domestic steel about 80-90%.On the other hand it has created employment for......

Words: 691 - Pages: 3

Child in the Ships

...Child in the Ships Susan Paige Gilbert ENG122 Marnie Nollette February 5, 2012 Child in the Ships In recent years, policymakers and medical experts have expressed alarm about the growing problem of childhood obesity in the United States. While most agree that the issue deserves attention, consensus dissolves around how to respond to the problem. This literature review examines one approach to treating childhood obesity: medication. The paper compares the effectiveness for adolescents of the only two drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for long-term treatment of obesity, sibutramine and orlistat. This examination of pharmacological treatments for obesity points out the limitations of medication and suggests the need for a comprehensive solution that combines medical, social, behavioral, and political approaches to this complex problem. In March 2004, U.S. Surgeon General Richard Carmona called attention to a health problem in the United States that, until recently, has been overlooked: childhood obesity. Carmona said that the “astounding” 15% child obesity rate constitutes an “epidemic.” Since the early 1980s, that rate has “doubled in children and tripled in adolescents.” Now more than nine million children are classified as obese.1 While the traditional response to a medical epidemic is to hunt for a vaccine or a cure-all pill, childhood obesity has proven more elusive. The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not......

Words: 2308 - Pages: 10

Ship Building Industry

...craftsmanship in boat building over many centuries and transferred this artistic skill to subsequent generations across different cluster of population. Historical records say that Chittagong port was the best centre of building ocean-going vessels in the middle of the 15th century. Even in the 17th century, the entire fleet of ships of the Sultan of Turkey was built at Chittagong. Also in 1805, the British Navy built ships at Chittagong for the famous battle of Trafalgar. However, with the passage of time, the glory of shipbuilding in this region began to fade. Shipbuilding revived again when a number of local entrepreneurs of Bangladesh brought name and fame for the country by developing potential in shipbuilding by handing over some ocean-going vessels to overseas buyers from Denmark, Finland and Mozambique. Bangladeshi shipbuilders have also handed over few ice-class vessels to a German company and more vessels are going to be delivered by the next few years. Thus shipbuilding in Bangladesh is marching forward in a way to securing a firm position in the world market and at the same time, the country is returning slowly to its past tradition of building ships for foreign countries. Some leading local shipyards like Ananda and Western Marine are now engaged in building over 40 small to medium category vessels worth about $0.6 billion, mainly for European buyers. Bangladesh is blessed with 9,000 sq km of territorial waters, 720-km long coastline and 200,000 sq km of......

Words: 1582 - Pages: 7