Rubic

In: Business and Management

Submitted By cici1992
Words 793
Pages 4
新魔方新手教程

[pic]
前言
我们常见的魔方是3x3x3的三阶魔方,英文名 Rubik's cube 。是一个正 6 面体,有6种颜色,由26块组成,有8个角块;12个棱块;6个中心块(和中心轴支架相连)见下图: [pic] (图1) 学习魔方首先就要搞清它的以上结构,知道角块只能和角块换位,棱块只能和棱块换位,中心块不能移动。

魔方的标准色: 国际魔方标准色为:上黄-下白,前蓝-后绿,左橙-右红。(见图2)注:(这里以白色为底面,因为以后的教程都将以白色为底面,为了方便教学,请都统一以白色为准)。

(图2)

认识公式 [pic] [pic] (图3) (图4) 公式说明:实际上就是以上下左右前后的英文的单词的头一个大写字母表示
[pic]
(图5)
[pic]
(图6)
[pic]
(图7)
[pic]
(图8)
步骤一、完成一层

首先要做的是区分一层和一面:很多初学者对于“一面”与“一层”缺乏清楚的认识,所以在这里特别解释一下。所谓一层,就是在完成一面(如图2的白色面)的基础上,白色面的四条边,每条边的侧面只有一种颜色,图(2). 如图(1)中心块是蓝色,则它所在面的角和棱全都是蓝色,是图(2)的反方向 图(3)和(4)则是仅仅是一面的状态,而不是一层! [pic][pic] (1) (2) [pic][pic] (3) (4) 注:图(2)和(4)分别是图(1)和(3)的底面状态 想完成魔方,基础是最重要的,就像建筑一样,魔方也如此,基础是最重要的。 由于上文提到过中心块的固定性,这一性质,在魔方上实质起着定位的作用,简单的说就是中心块的颜色就代表它所在的面的颜色。

一、十字(就是快速法中的CROSS)

第一种情况如图所示:

[pic]

公式为R2

[pic]
第二种情况如图所示:
(白色下面颜色为橙色,为方便观察,特意翻出颜色) 橙白块要移到上右的位置,现在橙白块在目标位置的下面。但其橙色片没有和橙色的中心块贴在一起。为此我们先做D’ [pic] F’ [pic]即把橙色粘在一起,接着 R [pic]还原到顶层,,F [pic]是把蓝白橙还原到正确的位置(上面的F’ 使蓝白块向左移了九十度)。

公式为D’ F’ R F
图解:
[pic][pic][pic][pic]

当然,架十字不只只有上面两种情况,现我们在分析下其它的一些情况吧!
如下图:

橙白块的位置己对好,但颜色反了,我就先做R2化成第二种情况,然后用还原第二种情况的公式即可!

[pic][pic] 上面两种情况都为前右的块要移到上后的位置。我们先做R’ [pic] D’ [pic]移到前下的位置,再做R [pic] “把橙白还原上去”,接着做D2 [pic]移到后下的位置。上面两种情况分别化为上面第一种和第二种情况。其对称情况亦是按类似上面的思想来还原!如果刚开始时橙白块也还没对好,直接做R’ [pic] D [pic]移到后下位置即可!

二、第一层角…...

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