In: Science

Submitted By mustaqim
Words 5325
Pages 22
Proses-proses Perangkat Lunak
Proses perangkat lunak merupakan serangkaian kegiatan yang berhubungan dengannya, yang menuju pada dihasilkannya produk perangkat lunak. Kegiatan ini mencakup pengembangan perangkat lunak mulai dari awal, walaupun pada kenyataannya maki sering terjadi bahwa perangkat lunak yang baru dikembangkan dengan memperluas dan memodifikasi sistem yang telah ada.
Proses perangkat lunak sangat rumit, karenannya di butuhkan penilaian dan kreatifitas dan keberhasilan usaha untuk mengotomasi proses perangkat lunak menjadi terbatas. Alasan mengapa otomasi proses memiliki cakupan yang terbatas adalah adanya keragaman proses perangkat lunak. Tidak ada proses ideal dan organisasi berbeda yang mengembangkan pendekatan yang benar2 berbeda dalam pengembangan perangkat lunak.
Kegiatan mendasar yang umum bagi semua proses perangkat lunak :
1. Penspesifikasian perangkat lunak : Fungsionalitas perangkat lunak dan batasan operasinya harus didefinisikan

2. Perancangan dan implementasi perangkat lunak : Perangkat lunak yang memenuhi persyaratan harus dibuat

3. Pemvalidasian perangkat lunak : Perangkat lunak tersebut harus divalidasi untuk menjamin bahwa perangkat lunak bekerja sesuai dengan apa yang diinginkan pelanggan

4. Pengevolusian perangkat lunak : Perangkat lunak harus dapat berkembang untuk menghadapi kebutuhan pelanggan yang berubah

Model perangkat lunak merupakan representasi abstrak dari proses perangkat lunak. Model2 generik ini bukan merupakan deskripsi definitif dari proses persangkat lunak. Alih-alih model2 ini biasanya merupakan abstraksi yang dapat digunakan untuk menjelaskan pendekatan2 terhadap pengembangan perangkat lunak. Model-model tersebut adalah :
• Model air terjun
Model ini mengambil kegiatan dasar seperti spesifikasi, pengembangan, validasi, dan evolusi, dan mempresentasikannya sebagai fase2…...

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