Montgomery Bus Boycott

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“Assess the significance of the Montgomery Bus Boycott in the struggle for civil rights in the USA”
In the southern society pre-1955 black Americans where thought of as second class citizens. Southern states had white only restaurants, white only rest zones in bus centres, water fountains etc. in the south of America is was common that buses were segregated, with specific areas on a bus reserved for white customers and other seats for black customers. The Civil Rights Movement is often said to have started with the actions of Rosa Parks from Montgomery, Alabama, in December 1955. Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist who protested against Montgomery’s racially segregated buses. She protested by refusing to give up her seat on a bus to white American man, “she decided on that day she wasn’t going to move. There was no assault” , this resulted in Rosa Parks getting arrested for breaking the Montgomery Bus Segregation Laws. It was said that Rosa Parks reaction after a hard day’s work and was not pre-planned. But evidence suggest that the Bus Boycott had been a while in the planning . After Rosa Parks arrest all black Americans stayed off the buses for a total of 382 days which caused the bus company to lose 65 percent of its income leading to great economic pressure. This led to the community organising a car pool which carried many of the passengers the buses would have carried, this showed great community spirit and how powerful people working together could be.
Following the events on December 21st 1965 the MIA (Montgomery Improvement Association) decided that the best way to overcome segregation and generate publicity towards the civil rights campaign was to boycott the buses. The MIA was set up by Jo Ann Robinson of the Women’s League and E.D Nixon of the NAACP which lead the Boycott Of the buses but continued with peaceful protests despite the harassment from…...

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