Management Theories

In: Business and Management

Submitted By tryingtojustbe
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Management Theories Management is the discovering of ways to productively and efficiently manage an organization to get tasks accomplished, continue improvements and increase economic prosperity. Throughout time, different theories have been developed and labeled, and all have evolved out of a trial and usage process in an attempt to find the most effective ways to manage employees within an establishment, company, or organization. Listed are the three major divisions in the Theories of Management - Scientific Management Theory, Bureaucratic Management Theory, and the Human Relations Movement (McNamara).

Scientific Management Theory (1890-1940) Industrialized organizations were the mainstream means by which products were manufactured. Routine tasks were methodical, following a systematic approach that lead to the manufacturing of many goods. Worker and workplace efficiency was emphasized as well as the standardization of tasks and assignments. The father of the “Scientific Management Theory” is Frederick Winslow Taylor. It is also referred to as “Taylorism.” Frederick Taylor sought to expand productivity by increasing the efficiency of the worker. He believed that the worker and management shared a common interest to increase productivity, therefore improving profits. As an engineer of a US steel company, Taylor conducted studies and observed various tasks, finding the most effective way for each task to be accomplished. These were known as his Time and Motion Studies (NetMBA). He would use a stopwatch and time a worker's sequence of motions, examining the outcome of each task. Taylor condensed his observations into four principles he believed should be used and followed:

Taylor's Four Principles of Scientific Management: 1. Replace working by "rule of thumb," or simple habit and common sense, and instead use the scientific method to study work…...

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