Level 3 Btec Law P1

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Submitted By savannahevans
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Criminal Offences
Criminal offences are dealt with by the police, they will arrest the suspect for what criminal actions may be and then will take them to the station for questioning. They will either release the suspect without a charge, will charge the suspect of an offence or bail the suspect and they will return at a later date, the suspect can be cautioned. However after an arrest the arrestee may want to be granted bail, this will be given by the police if they choose to give this. The offences are categorized into three main headings; Summary offences, Indictable offences and either-way offences. Summary offences will be heard at Magistrates Courts and will involve actions such as motoring offences e.g. speeding, driving without a licence or valid licence, no insurance and drink driving. The maximum penalty for summary offences include a 6 month imprisonment, or a fine of £5,000. Indictable offences are the most serious cases that will be tried in the Crown Courts, e.g. murder. Either-way offences are offences that could be tried ‘either-way’ depending on the seriousness of the case; this could be tried in the Crown Court or Magistrates Court. An example of an either-way offence is theft. Cases that take place in a Magistrates Court are heard by Lay Magistrates or a District Judge, in the Crown Court the juries will make the final decision. A judge will also be present to see if the procedures are all done properly.
A Court of First Instance is dealt with within the District Courts. The Supreme Court is the court of last instance. Courts of First Instance start in the Magistrates for criminal cases, this is where the defendant may want to be granted bail and this is where the trial will be. If the claimant or defendant does not like or agree with the final decision they can decide to make an appeal. You should appeal within 21 days of the date you were…...

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