Kim Dae-Jung Reconciliation

In: Historical Events

Submitted By boogkerel
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Kim Dae-jung & Truth reconciliation

South Korea’s Truth and Reconciliation Commission was established on December 1, 2005, during the presidency of Roh Moo-hyun. This governmental commission was set to investigate incidents in Korean history, all the way back from annexation of Korea by Japan in 1910, up to the election of Kim Young-Sam in 1993. South Korea has been subject to a period of military dictatorships, during which there was given little attention to truth-funding. Also, South Korea’s fight for democracy spans out on a long period of civil movements and demonstrations. They often led to uprisings, which were often repressed hard by authoritarian and military power. Demonstrations, like the Kwangju Uprising in 1980, were subject to murder, torture and other abuses of human right. These acts were often covered up and ignored by the government. However, the prosecution and sentencing of two former authoritarian rulers, Chun Doo-Hwan and Rho Tae-Woo in 1995, was a clear sign that times were changing and even successful coups can be punished. At the end of the 90s, laws for rectifying the past were established under the government of Kim Dae-Jung. The Truth & Reconciliation Commission would go stay active until 2010, when the conservative Lee Myung-Bak stopped the funding. What led to this sudden governmental interest in truth and reconciliation under the Kim Dae-Jung government?
In this literature review we will look at the factors that instigated interest in South Korea for having truth and reconciliation commissions. Two articles will be used from the Critical Asian Studies journal.

In ‘’The Long Road Toward Truth and Reconciliation’’ Kim Dong-Choon writes about Korea’s urge to confront it’s dark past, as the first Northeast Asian country to do so in such a comprehensive manner. Korea had to do deal with cold war conflicts, while it still had…...

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