Hmis Standards

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Submitted By lbaldwin28
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HMIS Standards

HMIS Standards
Lulett Baldwin
Grand Canyon University: Health Information Technology and Management HCA-360
September 9, 2012

Chapter Questions 12-1. Define the following terms: a. Medicine – The study and treatment of general diseases or those affecting the internal parts of the body, especially those not usually requiring surgical intervention. (MediLexicon International, LTD, 2012). b. Medical Informatics (MI) – The field of information science concerned with the analysis and dissemination of medical data through the application of computers to various aspects of health care and medicine (TheFreeDictionary, 2012). c. Standards – An acknowledged measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion. Widely recognized as a model of authority or excellence (TheFreeDictionary, 2012). d. HIPAA – Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act, the Privacy Rule was enacted on August 21, 1996, by the U.S Congress. This Act was instituted to protect the freedom, security, privacy, and confidentiality of individuals (Tan & Payton 2010).

12-2. What are data standards? Discuss the usefulness of these standards to implementing HMIS? Answer: HIPAA was enacted to expedite the development of data standards. Healthcare professionals have identified that the root cause of inhibition to sharing medical information electronically is the lack of comprehensive data standards. The need for data standards falls into three categories: vocabulary standards, structure and content standards, and messaging standards. These taxonomies correlate to data-coding, data schema, and data-exchange standards. Data coding standards goal is to define common medical terms and detail how medical data is to be coded in the records. ICD-9-CM is an example of a standard numeric coding…...

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