Historical Report on Race

In: Social Issues

Submitted By rcoder23
Words 1016
Pages 5
Historical Report on Race
ETH/125

Historical Report on Race

African Americans have had to endure many of things throughout history from navigator Pedro Alonso Niño traveling to the New World with Christopher Columbus, slavery, the Civil Rights Movement, and finally the election of an African American president. With all of this in mind it is obvious that the African American race has come a long way from where they began. In 1492, navigator Pedro Alonso Niño traveled to the New World with Christopher Columbus, but not even 200 years later, a Dutch ship brought 20 African indentured servants to Jamestown, Virginia. In 1775, George Washington allows free “blacks” to enlist in the Continental Army and the British governor of Virginia promises freedom to the slaves who enlist with the British. In 1793 Congress passed the Fugitive Slave Act; this made it a crime to harbor an escaped slave. Over a 30 year span, between 1831-1861, around 75,000 slaves escaped to the North claiming their freedom using the Underground Railroad. In 1857, the Dred Scott Case, took place and the Supreme Court decided that African Americans weren’t United States citizens and Congress couldn’t restrict slavery in federal territories; this meant that if a slave made it to a free state the person would still be considered a slave. The Civil War began in 1861 and after 4 years the Union’s victory meant the end of slavery in the United States. In 1863, President Abraham Lincoln presented the Emancipation Proclamation which legally freed all slaves in the Confederacy. The Thirteenth Amendment was passed in 1865 which outlawed slavery. Citizenship was granted to African Americans in 1866 with the Civil Rights Act and grants them equal rights with whites. In 1896 during Plessy versus Ferguson, the United States Supreme Court rules that segregated public facilities for whites and African…...

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