Heart Disease

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Contributors to Heart Disease and Preventive Measures

Contributors to Heart Disease and Preventive Measures

Heart Disease is a condition in which blood to the heart is deficient because of narrowing or constricting of the cardiac vessels that supply it. Heart Disease is also one of the most common causes of death. There is several health and behavioral factors that can increase an individuals risk of heart disease. One factor is hypertension or high blood pressure. This can be caused by obesity, too much salt intake, high alcohol consumption, etc. Another factor that can increase the risk of heart disease is cigarette smoking. Smoking destroys the enzyme that prevents cholesterol buildup in the arteries, making the walls narrower causing blockage. Obesity can also increase an individuals risk to heart disease. As body weight increases, the volume of blood also increases forcing a high output of blood from the heart. All the changes in the structure and functioning of the heart and the number of metabolic abnormalities caused by obesity makes an individual more susceptible to this disease. Some other factors leading to heart disease are inactivity, stress, and family history of heart attack. An individual can take many preventive measures to reduce their risk of getting heart disease. Weight control is probably one of the most effective measures. By watching what one eats, controlling their salt intake, maintaining their cholesterol, and eating fruits and foods rich in potassium and calcium they can make a huge impact on their health in their later years. Also exercise or daily physical activity can reduce and individuals risk of heart disease. Exercise helps and treats many atherosclerotic risk factors, such as high blood pressure, obesity, and glucose intolerance, all of which are leading…...

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