Health and Sports Psychology Review

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By bfmorris
Words 1628
Pages 7
Health and Sports Psychology Literature Review
Psychology/635
November 9, 2015

Health and Sports Psychology Literature Review
Introduction
According to Brown & Mahoney (1984), sports psychology beginnings is in the motor of learning and motor performances. One of first publications in the U. S. was on the way spectators viewed competitive bicycling (Brown & Mahoney, 1984). Sports psychology focuses on the knowledge from kinesiology and psychology. Sports psychology involves all of the psychological aspects that are includes in sports. This includes how psychological aspects affect performance, along with how sports can affect the mind and body. Health and sports psychology identify how psychological factors impact health, as well as the aspects of sports. Sports psychologists can employ shaping and chaining, reinforcement schedules, and one-trial learning techniques in teaching new technical skills among athletes.
Shaping and Chaining Before identifying how shaping and chaining can be employed to teach new technical skills to athletes, sports psychologists have to understand each process of shaping and chaining. If a behavior does not take place, it is not associated with an individual’s performance or listed in the abilities that he or she is able to perform. Shaping can be used to add behaviors that can help athletes perform, effectively and efficiently. Shaping can identify a behavior that is not present yet and work towards the retrieval of that specific behavior. Rules for shaping consist of identifying or analyzing the desired or needed behavior, reinforcing the estimates close to the behavior to work towards building it up, and observing the results. In sports, shaping can help athletes reach their targeted behavior and perspectives, expanding their skills. For example, athletes that struggle with leg strength and confidence can start by…...

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