Gg Ka

In: Social Issues

Submitted By 19GENO95
Words 667
Pages 3
. INTRODUCTION

As defined by the World Health Organization, RH bill means "the state of physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity, in all matters relating to the reproductive system and to its functions and processes." This implies that people have the capability to safely reproduce, provided within the context of the law. In the Philippines, RH bill aims to promise complete access to modern methods and information which openly engage on birth control and maternal care.

II. COUNTER ARGUMENTS

Proponents Argument:

1. Overpopulation in the Philippines intensified the country's poverty rate thus causing the government to have difficulties in dealing the concern.

2. Experimental studies showed that poverty incidence is top among huge families and smaller-sized household has a larger opportunity to invest on better education, health, nutrition and eventually reduce poverty and hunger within the family level.

3. World Health Organization listed the use of contraception as one of the essential medicines to lower abortion rate according to Guttmacher Institute.

4. A 2008 SWS survey resulted that 71% of the respondents are approving of the bill as it proposed to educate people to be more responsive in choosing a smaller-sized family giving them free will to select a line-up of family planning methods set forth by reasoned population policy.

Opponents Argument:

1. The bill misleads people casing the point that there has no connection between population growth and poverty based on the study of Nobel-prize winner Simon Kuznets.

2. The use of contraceptives present serious health risk and is deemed an immoral practice to control life.

3. The bill eliminates limited government funds set forth various high priority medical and food needs rather shifted to fund devices considered harmful and…...

Similar Documents

Gg Toys

...To: Audrey Hausner From: Heather Varez HV Subject: G.G. Toys Internal Cost Study and Costing Methods Date: Tuesday, December 09, 2008 The internal cost study has brought up issues of costs related to alternative drivers for the machine related expenses, increased setups, production runs and work in packaging and shipping. Cost System Recommendation I recommend that G.G. Toys institute an Activity Based Costing (ABC) system in their Chicago plant. In allocating overhead as a percentage of direct labor cost, the margins of 9% and 34% in the Geoffrey doll and the specialty branded doll #106 respectively, do not reflect the true cost of manufacturing. When using the ABC system, we see that a tremendous misallocation in “Receiving and Production Control” and in “Packaging and Shipping” occurred using the previous system. These skewed allocations of costs also distorted the margins as shown below. Comparison of Alternative Costing Approaches | | | | | | Unit Overhead Cost | | Geoffrey Doll | | Specialty #106 | Volume-based | | $11.19 | | $13.99 | Activity-based | | 7.22 | | 25.01 | Difference | | $3.97 | | $11.02 | Unit Margin | | | | | Volume-based | | 1.81 | | $12.26 | Activity-based | | 5.78 | | 1.24 | Difference | | $3.97 | | $11.02 | Return on Sales | | | | | Volume-based | | 8.62% | | 34.06% | Activity-based | | 27.51% | | 3.43% | Difference | | 18.89% | | 30.62% | If G.G. can reduce the......

Words: 919 - Pages: 4

Kababata Ka!

...alak sa mga okasyon. Sabi nila, hindi naman daw masama ang alak, sa totoo pa nga daw ay meron itong magandang naidudulot sa katawan, yun naman ang paliwanag ng iba, siguro nga ay hindi naman talagang masamang uminom, basta wag lang sosobra dahil ito rin kasi ang sanhi ng mga sakit pagtanda ng isang tao, at kung minsan pa nga ay kahit batang bata ka pa ay natatamaan ka na agad ng sakit pag nasosobrahan ka na. 13 SOSSY PAG YOSI! Sigarilyo, kilala sa tawag na YOSI, isa sa mga kanahihiligan g nakararami kahit na mga kabataan ngayon. Madali lang kasi ang magyosi, sisindihan mo lang, at pag nasindihan mo na, hithit-buga lang ang kailangan mong gawin at pmwesto ka na kung san mo gustong gawin ang yosi session mo! Bakit kaya maraming nagyoyosi? Ayon sa aming pagreresearch, nakakahumaling daw ang amoy nito, totoo yan, kasi ang yosi, merong drug na tinatawag na nicotine. Ito ang dahilan kung bakit marami ang nahuhumaling sa amoy at usok ng sigarilyo. Ito rin ang dahilan kung bakit mahirap pigilan ang paghihit at buga sa yosi. Meron pa nga akong nabasang blog ng isang lalaki kung saan tinawag niya ang yosi bilang isang kaibigan na hindi ka iiwan kahit kailan. Kaya niya nasabi na kaibigan nia ang yosi dahil sa mga pagiisa niya nakapagyosi siya at nakakalimutan niya daw ang takot,problema at pagiisa pag nagyoyosi siya. Isa rin siya sa taong nahumaling sa amoy ng yosi. 14 Isa yan sa mga kilalang kumpanya ng yosi. Siguro super yaman na ng may ati ng......

Words: 2790 - Pages: 12

Ka - Full Sequence

...mga cameramen ay sina Labs, Meriam at Roxie. Sobrang nasaktan sila na hindi sila isinama sa movie na “KA”, kaya gumawa sila ng remake kung saan totoong footage ng mga actors sa “KA” na pinatay talaga nila ang nakalagay. Pagkagaling sa screening ng short film nila na “KA”, hinila si Irish palayo ng isang nakamaskarang tao at inumpog nang paulit-ulit sa isang batong upuan hanggang sa mamatay. Kinabukasan, kumalat ang pagkamatay niya sa campus, at masyadong naapektuhan ang buong paaralan partikular na ang BSEd-E II-1. Nagpatawag ng meeting ang president na si Morgan para ipaalam na ipinagpaalam niya ng absence ang buong seksyon para makapagluksa nang mabuti. Matapos nito ay umuwi na ang seksyon. Nagsama-sama ang cast, cameramen at si Desa upang pag-usapan ang pangyayari. Nagkasundo silang huwag nang pag-usapan ang nangyari para mawala ang mga hinala sa kanila. Matapos nun ay nagsiuwian na sila. Sa bahay nila, naiwang mag-isa si Jane dahil umalis sandali ang mga magulang niya. Matapos niyang maligo ay hinila siya ng nakamaskarang tao at ikinulong sa banyo kung saan ito nagsilab ng formaldehyde. Nagkaroon ng severe allergic reaction si Jane at na-suffocate sa nakalalasong usok sa banyo. Nang gabing iyon din ay dinukot ng nakamaskarang tao si Din at Chad at pinasagasaan sa highway ang dalawa. Nabalitaan ni Janelle ang nangyari at sinabi sa iba. Hindi makapaniwala ang buong crew ng “KA”, at tinipon ni Desa ang buong cast sa bahay nila upang pag-usapan ang mga nangyayari. Nang......

Words: 650 - Pages: 3

Ah May Kailangan Ka Pa Ba?

...yung babaeng umepal sakin ay ang bestfriend kong si Aila Santiez, fanatic din yan ng SE pero more on "Drummerines" fan sya, Drums+Corrine = Drummerines. Patay na patay yan sa kagandahan ni Corrine, dyosa daw sa paningin nya si Corrine sa tuwing nagda-drums ito.     "Eh ang bagal mo eh, may pa-inhale exhale ka pang nalalaman," sabay kagat nya sa pringles na kinakain nya, recess na kasi namin, "Oo nga pala Momo, may concert sa Wattpad Coliseum ang SE sa Friday ah. Pupunta ka?"       "CONCERT?! SA FRIDAY?!" naitapon ko yung calculator ko sa table ko ng hindi oras, "HINDI NGA?! UWAAAAAAAAA! I'll definitely go! GORA NA! TARA NA! AS IN NOW NA!"     Pinagtinginan ako ng mga kaklase ko sa malakas kong sigaw, pasensya naman ganto lang talaga ako kaadik sa SE. v(*w*)v     "Hoy bruha, wag kang sumigaw. Tsaka OA mo ha, anong now na?! Sabi ko sa Friday pa po, Friday ba ngayon? Monday pa lang po iha!"     Nanlumo naman ako by the fact na Monday pa nga lang, "Di bale, tutulog na lang ako sa Wattpad Coliseum para ako kauna-unahan dun sa concert day para naman magkaclose up view man lang ako sa Syntax Error."   "Gagey. Ipisin ka sana dun. Hayaan mo na, 4days to go na lang naman before Friday eh."     Psh. Excited na ako eh. T3T     Oo nga pala, inuna ko pang ipakilala ang LOVE♥SE ko kesa sa sarili ko. Ako nga pala siMomoxhien Clarkson, senior sa post-grad level ng Willford Academy. May kaya kami kaya dito ako napasok and......

Words: 74218 - Pages: 297

Gg Toys Case Analysis

...than the standard price. In this case, the dolls may have been sold at a greater price than was budgeted, or perhaps more dolls whose sales price is greater were sold than dolls whose sales price is less. Not considering manufacturing overhead costs which includes packaging, shipping and receiving and production control, GG Toys should produce the Romaine Patch doll using only the scrap materials and only allow them to be made if there is scrap material available, I recommend this doll being produced. The Romaine Patch doll will bring many positives to the company. When considering the economy if people new they were producing materials that were eco-friendly and advise customers of the recycled materials they are producing, that would bring some positive to the company. Another reason why I believe GG Toys should produce the Romaine Patch doll is because using the scrapped materials will help the company gain more capital allowing them to sell this doll at a reasonable price, considering there are people who believe that the other GG Toys dolls may be to pricy for what they are willing to spend. Buying something from GG Toys is a lot more profitable as oppose to buying nothing from the company. In conclusion, G.G. Toys can revisit the possibilities and recommendations to turn around from the decline in sales. The most important one is the shifting of their production towards the newer type dolls, including the seasonal......

Words: 1257 - Pages: 6

Thotti Ka

...References Cuts in education budget: Opportunity cost of winning war - bandula. (2010, May 26). Daily Mirror Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/325536472?accountid=38027 Engberg, M. E., & Allen, D. J. (2011). Uncontrolled destinies: Improving opportunity for low-income students in american higher education. Research in Higher Education, 52(8), 786-807. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11162-011-9222-7 Guerrero, Robin,M.B.A., E.A., Tiggeman, Theresa,M.B.A., C.P.A., & Edmond, T., PhD. (2011). American opportunity credit: Key to education for lower and middle income college students. Contemporary Issues in Education Research, 4(5), 1-8. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/868724588?accountid=38027 Kurt, A. I., & Aksoy, H. H. (2009). The cost of education: A study on the cost of education in the faculty of educational sciences at ankara university*. Egitim Bilimleri Fakultesi Dergisi, 42(2), 1-25. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/211623622?accountid=38027 O'Toole, C. (2006). Student debt: Earnings premium or opportunity cost? Connection, New England's Journal of Higher Education, 21(1), 26-27. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/196901584?accountid=38027 Rosenberg, D. L., & Schuldenfrei, A. F. (2010). Education expenses: An analysis of the new american opportunity tax credit.The CPA Journal, 80(2), 53-55. Retrieved from http://search.proquest.com/docview/212238825?accountid=38027 Short, M. J. (2009)....

Words: 301 - Pages: 2

Gg Toys

...the Geoffrey doll and the specialty branded doll #106 respectively, do not reflect the actual cost of overhead. Currently G.G. Toys is calculating its manufacturing overhead costs on only on one cost driver, the direct labor. From case facts, we know that the manufacturing overhead at the Chicago plant is very high (approximately 95% of the overall GG Toys manufacturing overhead) The 3 different categories of dolls require different amounts of machine hours and other variable costs. By using Activity-based costing, each specific category of doll would have a different manufacturing overhead (and hence different contribution margin) allocated to it and the profit margin analysis for the doll category would yield an accurate result that can be used successfully for measuring controllability and relevance over long run. For the Springfield plant, GG Toys has approximately 5% of the overall overhead and from case fact, we know that GG purchases finished components from local manufacturers and then assemble the components (to form the cradles) using manual labor and there is no machine hours involved in this (Exhibit # 1). So, I recommend GG to keep the existing cost accounting system as the primary cost driver here is labor hours which is being rightly applied as the cost allocation basis. Moreover, ABC methodology is unnecessary because Springfield plant is related to producing only one product. 2. Calculate the cost of Geoffrey Doll, the specialty-branded doll # 106, and a......

Words: 725 - Pages: 3

Gg Toys

...the Geoffrey doll and the specialty branded doll #106 respectively, do not reflect the actual cost of overhead. Currently G.G. Toys is calculating its manufacturing overhead costs on only on one cost driver, the direct labor. From case facts, we know that the manufacturing overhead at the Chicago plant is very high (approximately 95% of the overall GG Toys manufacturing overhead) The 3 different categories of dolls require different amounts of machine hours and other variable costs. By using Activity-based costing, each specific category of doll would have a different manufacturing overhead (and hence different contribution margin)allocated to it and the profit margin analysis for the doll category would yield an accurate result that can be used successfully for measuring controllability and relevance over long run. For the Springfield plant, GG Toys has approximately 5% of the overall overhead and from case fact, we know that GG purchases finished components from local manufacturers and then assemble the components (to form the cradles) using manual labor and there is no machine hours involved in this (Exhibit # 1). So, I recommend GG to keep the existing cost accounting system as the primary cost driver here is labor hours which is being rightly applied as the cost allocation basis. Moreover, ABC methodology is unnecessary because Springfield plant is related to producing only one product....

Words: 268 - Pages: 2

Ka 'Apor Capuchin Factsheet

...Ka 'apor Capuchin Cebus kaapori Taxonomy: Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Primates Suborder: Haplorrhini Infraorder: Simiiformes Parvorder: Platyrrhini Family: Cebidae Subfamily: Cebinae Genus: Cebus Species: C. kaapori Other names: Untufted Capuchin. For a long time the taxonomy of the Ka'apor Capuchin monkey was (and sometimes still is) strongly argued (Alfaro, Silva & Rylands, 2012). When it was first discovered by Ferrari and Queiroz in 1992 some believed that Cebus kaapori should be classed as a sub species of Cebus olivaceous. However nowadays it is considered by many to be its own individual species. It is also the only species of capuchin with no sub species (Boubli, Rylands, Farias, Alfaro & Alfaro, 2012).The Ka’apor capuchin is a member of the Cebidae family, one of five families that fall under the Platyrrhini Parvorder, classing this species as one of the New World Monkeys. Morphology: Compared to most other primate species, the Ka’apor capuchin is relatively small, growing no larger than roughly 60cm in height and 45cm in length. The species has relatively long limbs compared to its trunk size allowing efficient quadrupedal movement through the tree canopy which is a large benefit due to the species being predominately arboreal, they have also been noted to be bipedal however this is quite a rare occurrence. They possess a semi-prehensile tail that is mainly used during feeding unlike the other New World......

Words: 1896 - Pages: 8

Gg Gg Gg

...D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v fv osnv vknoi v D d sg sfkj v oi v......

Words: 760 - Pages: 4

Gg Toys Case Solution

...Price ($) 21.00 36.00 30.00 Margins (New) 28% 2% 21% Margins (Old) 9% 34% 21% Based on these findings, below are the recommendations GG Toys should consider to enhance profitability (in order of priority): • We observed non-viable cost patterns due to high customization and low unit orders by retailers for specialty branded doll #106, hence the management should look at better sales & marketing strategy to take bulk orders • Try to reduce overall production runs by aggregating different orders, thereby increasing batch size. Marketing strategy of delay in turnaround time is required to achieve this • Move from specialty branded doll #106 to other specialty branded dolls as they have higher margins (see table 2 in appendix) • Revisit the selling price of specialty branded doll #106 based on the customization requirements by the customers. • Optimization of machinery so that production setups are not required for small customizations which can be managed manually. • Decrease machine runtime by adopting newer technology. Additional information needed to be able to make these recommendations: • Direct costs & selling price for other specialty branded dolls. • Market dynamics to understand the change in demand with slight increase in turnaround times or moving to other specialty branded dolls • Low competition market where GG toys can vary the cost of specialty branded doll #106. • Availability of new technology for optimization of the......

Words: 1071 - Pages: 5

Gg Toys Case

...Gg Toys Case St G.G.Toys Thedecline margins our popular in on Gtoftry doIIproduct become has intolerable. production Increasing haae costs dropped pretaxmarginto less our than10%, below historical our 257omargins, wearegoing If far to increase margins, need consider our we to drastically shiftingour production towards sfecialtydolts aie that earning large prnniumin priceoaer standard line. a our doll -Robert Parker,President, G.G.Toys Background Robert Parker, president of G.G. Toys, was discussing last month's operating results with Audrey Hausner, G.G.'s conkoller, and David Morehouse, G.G.'s manufacturing manager. The meeting was taking place in an atmosphere tinged with apprehension because margins on thelr most popular product, the "Geoffrey doll," had been declining rapidly in the last few years due to rising production costs (summary operating results for the previous month, March 2000, arc shown in Exhibits 1 and 2). Parker saw no choice but to shift the company's product mix towards specialty dolls that carried a high price premium, and thus, a 34% margin. G.G. Toys was a leading supplier of high-quality dolls to retail toy stores throughout the U.S, The comPany had started with a unique design for molding highly durable dolls using vinyl and resin materials. G.G. quickly established a loyal customer base among retailers because of the high quality and popularity of its manufactured dolls. It soon established a major presence in the market with its high-volume...

Words: 329 - Pages: 2

Gg Toys

...Answer 1 a. We have to make a decision, how much space should we lease and for how long. Constraint is the minimum space required. The objective of this function is to minimize b. Decision Variables: Let Xij = the space leased in month (i) for the period of (j) months, for i = 1, 2, …, 5 and j = 1, …, 6. Objective Function: Minimize Z = 65(X11 + X21 + X31 + X41 + X51) + (100X12 + X22 + X32 + X42) + 135(X13 + X23 + X33) +160(X14 + X24) + 190X15 Constraints: X11 + X12 + X13 + X14 + X15 >= 30,000 Month 1 Req. X12 + X13 + X14 + X15 + X21 + X22 + X23 + X24 >= 20,000 Month 2 Req. X13 + X14 + X15 + X22 + X23 + X24 + X31 + X32 + X33 > = 40,000 Month 3 Req. X14 + X15 + X23 + X24 + X32 + X33 + X41 + X42 >= 10,000 Month 4 Req. X15 + X24 + X33 + X42 + X51 >= 50,000 Month 5 Req. Answer 2: b. Decision Variables: Let F1 = Number of full-time consultants working the morning shift (8 AM – 4 PM) Let F2 = Number of full-time consultants working the evening shift (4 PM – 12AM) Let P1 = Number of part-time consultants working the 1st shift (8 AM – 12 PM) Let P2 = Number of part-time consultants working the 2nd shift (12 PM – 4 PM) Let P3 = Number of part-time consultants working the 3rd shift (4 PM – 8 PM) Let P4 = Number of part-time consultants working the 4th shift (8 PM – 12AM) Objective Function: Minimize Z = 14*8* (F1 + F2 ) + 12*4 * (P1 + P2 + P3 + P4 ) Constraints: Minimum number of consultant requirement F1 + P1 >= 4, F1 +...

Words: 1018 - Pages: 5

Gg Toys

...G.G. Toys Case Study February 28, 2012 The five most pressing issues G.G. toys is facing are the decline in pre-tax margins of the Geoffrey doll, the costing system being used in the Chicago plant, how to efficiently use the excess materials and machinery used to create the reindeer doll for three months, whether or not to produce the “Romaine Patch” doll and the last being what caused an increase in sales in the Chicago plant in March 2000 despite a decrease in production. The first issue is the continuously declining pre-tax margins of the Geoffrey doll. This margin has dropped from 25% to 10%. This being one of their popular dolls requires the company to consider altering their current production schedule towards dolls that are producing a higher margin. The second is the costing system currently being used in the Chicago plant. G.G. Toys should change its existing cost accounting system from traditional costing to activity-based costing because it is calculating its manufacturing overhead on only one cost, direct labour. Since overhead at the Chicago plant is high, the cost accounting system must be accurate. Different types of dolls require different amounts of machine hours and other variable costs. By using Activity-based costing, each doll would have a different manufacturing overhead allocated to it. This would sort production into categories giving each a unique contribution margin. The third issue to discuss is how to efficiently use the equipment......

Words: 517 - Pages: 3

Kas on Jhsdf

...Hotel Management System 1. INTRODUCTION: The project undertaken is to design the architecture of a hotel management system. The main aim of the entire activity is to automate the process of day to day activities of Hotel like Room activities, Admission of a New Customer, Assign a room according to customer’s demand, checkout of a computer and releasing the room and finally compute the bill etc. The limited time and resources have restricted us to incorporate, in this project, only a main activity that are performed in a HOTEL Management System, but utmost care has been taken to make the system efficient and user friendly. “Hotel Management System” has been designed to computerize the following functions that are performed by the system: 1) Room Detail Functions: * Opening a New Room * Modification to room assigned 2) Check-in and check-out Detail Functions: * Admission of New customer * Check-out of customer * Room assigning related to customer’s need. 3) Statement of Customer Details: * Check-in customer * Check-out customer * Room Details 4) Total number of Customers in the Hotel * Individual customer Report 1.1 PURPOSE: * The main objective of the entire activity is to automate the process of day to day activities of Hotel like: 1. Room activities, 2. Admission of a New Customer, 3. Assign a room according to customer’s demand, 4. Checkout of a computer and releasing the room ......

Words: 444 - Pages: 2