Explain Freud’s Views on the Source of Moral Awareness (25)

In: Philosophy and Psychology

Submitted By chazlinds220
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Unlike a lot of philosophers and theologians who claim that the source of God is moral awareness, Freud believed that we get our sense of morality from ourselves, most notably from the way in which we are brought up and the pressures that are influenced upon us by society. He believed that our minds our made up of three different parts, the id, the superego and the ego. The id is the part of our brain and consciousness that acts on impulse, and is responsible for some of the more rash and animalistic decisions that we make. The superego is the part of our subconscious that has been shaped by society to fit humanities morals that have evolved over the years in order to be best suited to our ultimate survival. The ego is the part of our brain that has developed in order to mediate decisions between our animalistic id and our superego that ensures we make the right decisions based on ‘morality’. Freud believed that a lot of our personal ideas of morality and subconscious believes stems from childhood trauma, which can be discovered and cured through therapy. Most of what we know about Freud’s views on moral awareness comes from his two books Beyond the pleasure principle, and The ego and the id, written in 1920 and 1923 respectively.

The id is the most primitive and old part of our brain, that is responsible for the animalistic and impulsive nature that humans sometimes display. In a situation where one has to make a sub conscious split second decision, the id is the area of the brain that is responsible for this, and it is this that keeps us alive. When we are born only the id is present, and the superego and ego develop later in life as we are exposed to the pressures of society. The id contains personality that is inherited from our parents, and may make us particularly prone to anger or addiction. People that have a dominant id, and are not as bound by the…...

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