Diabetes Mellitus

In: English and Literature

Submitted By Alvin79
Words 1009
Pages 5
Diabetes mellitus or what is commonly known as diabetes is a deadly disease and is becoming more common not just in America, but worldwide. Diabetes Mellitus is a disease where sugar levels in the blood are at a very high level. This disease is caused due to the fact of the body not being able to use insulin properly, or not being able to balance the use of insulin altogether. There are also times when there is a problem with both. As of January 27, 2012, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention noted that diabetes is ranked seventh among the leading causes of deaths in America.
There are three main types of diabetes that can affect a person. Type I, which usually has an effect on the younger population, Type II, which effects the population of people above 40, and gestational diabetes, which affects women during their third trimester of a pregnancy. With Type I diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin in the body. Type I diabetics must use insulin injections on a daily basis. Type I diabetes usually affect children and young adults, but it can affect people of any age. Type I diabetes comes from the destruction of beta cells that are in the body. The cause of the beta cells' destruction has yet to be determined, but it is believed that it is caused by something that has gone wrong with the body's immune system. The problem with Type II diabetes is that the beta cells do not produce enough insulin in the body. As a result of this problem, the cells in the body do not react to the insulin in the body because they cannot admit glucose through the membranes of the cells.

Scientists have yet to determine exactly what causes Type II diabetes, but they do know that it is caused by multiple factors. There are several factors, such as genetics, obesity, and physical inactivity that can increase a person's risk of developing Type II diabetes.…...

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