Crime to Corrections

In: Other Topics

Submitted By jreagan1979
Words 1858
Pages 8
Crime to Corrections
A guide to our Justice System

By: Joseph Reagan

The following brief will be presented outside a federal courthouse to the public after a recent round up of local gang members by federal, state and local authorities. Included in the brief will be information on the process by which the suspects were taken into custody, booked and all information recorded. We will also give a detailed, step by step overview of the federal justice system as it pertains to the defendants as they work their way through the legal system. Our brief will conclude with the corrections process as it applies to a federal case. The brief is intended to make the public aware of how law enforcement, the judicial system, and corrections all work together to try to make the process through the legal system as smooth as possible to maintain due process while upholding the law.

Welcome, I understand this is a difficult and confusing time for you if you are here because of the recent arrests that occurred. I am going to explain in detail to you the steps that will be taken as each suspect is processed through the jail. I will then discuss the pretrial measures as required by law to protect the defendant as well as the victims in this case. Finally, I will discuss pretrial steps as well as what will occur should a federal trial take place for the defendant. Please hold any questions till the end of my briefing so we can get through all the information as there is a lot of it.
First, let me discuss the arrest. This morning, at approximately 6:00a.m., Federal officers, with the support of 50 local officers and State troopers, rounded up and arrested several gang members believed to be suspects in a Federal Investigation. Following the arrest each suspect was booked into the local jail. Fingerprints, pictures, and personal information were taken at…...

Similar Documents


...-Corrections is a booming business prisons + crime = profitable industry we have an Increasing number of people under correctional supervision 6 million people under the correctional system by the end of the century - Tough on Crime Political Stance popular public policy 20 million victimizations in 2009 repeat violent felons off of the streets treat minors as adults create mandatory sentencing laws reduce time-off-for-good-behavior - Shift in Public Opinion 4.3 million violent crimes 33 million personal theft crimes - 7.2 million 3% (1 in 33) of adults in the U.S. are under some sort of correctional supervision -Probation (community sentence) and parole are NOT the same thing -1.3% average annual increase from 2000 to 2009 But declined 1.3% in 2010 to 2009 “has the correctional population supervision increased or decreased from 2000 to 2009?” Answer: INCREASED - the majority of people in the corrections system are on PROBATION - Percentage breakdowns for types of offences: 9% Public Disorder (35% federal) DUI, indecent exposure, drunken disorderly, prostitution, etc. 18% Drug Offence (51% federal) 19% Property Offense (less than 10% federal) 53% Violent Offenses (less than 10% federal) - Regions highest to lowest South West Midwest Fed? North East - Top 5 States Federal Texas California Florida New York Notes From Ch. 1 in Textbook- - Penology the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts - Penitentiary typically......

Words: 4157 - Pages: 17

Theories of Crime and Corrections

...not adequate to draw qualified applicants in counties near New York City.[29] During 2000, correctional officers in the North Carolina prison system were paid approximately $21,000 per year, the vacancy rate was approximately 11 percent, and turnover was approximately 37 percent per year. The salary was the primary concern among officers, as a survey of those separating from employment found that 68.5 percent left because they were dissatisfied with the salary, and 37 percent would have stayed if the salary and shift schedules could have improved. In 2001, the Texas prison system had 3,300 vacancies in its complement of 26,000 correctional officers. Looking back at this we can say that overcrowding, gangs, and inexperienced under paid correction officers are only a few reasons why there is violence in prisons....

Words: 662 - Pages: 3


...Corrections and Approaches Ann Pierce AIU Online Abstract There are different correctional theories in the judicial system. Some may work better than others. Likewise, there are traditional forms of punishment and nontraditional ones also. Some of these approaches work better than others. Corrections and Approaches There are different correctional theories in our judicial system today. While some may punish only and others deter from committing crimes all have a common goal, that is to make offenders think twice about reoffending. Retribution Theory In the retribution theory punishment is seen as deserved, justified and required by the offender’s behavior. The main goal of this theory is vengeance; In other words, to get “revenge” for wrongs done. In the public’s eyes and political policy making it is still the primary goal of sentencing (Schmalleger, F. 2012). Incapacitation Incapacitation put simply means making the offender unable to reoffend. It is the use of imprisonment or other means to keep the offender from committing another crime. This is the second goal of sentencing. It is to protect innocent members of society from criminals that may cause them harm. Unlike retribution is requires only restraint of the offender. This is the basis for the movement towards “prison......

Words: 853 - Pages: 4


...juvenile facilities as of the 2007 Census of Juveniles in Residential Placement, conducted by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. There were only 70,792 juveniles in juvenile detention in 2010. The key difference between adult and juvenile incarceration is the focus on rehabilitation for underage offenders, as opposed to punishment for adult convicts. Facilities for juveniles are run very differently, and people in such jails and prisons have access to different kinds of services and support. Minors are not imprisoned with adults until after they reach the age of majority, and this isolation supports the mission of preventing future crimes and giving juveniles a second chance at successful social integration. People believe juvenile offenders need discipline and support to prevent a return to crime when they get out. Juvenile incarceration facilities share some qualities in common with adult prisons, but inmates have access to education, incentive programs, and more social services and support. Drug treatment in such facilities, for example, tends to be more readily available. Inmates in a juvenile incarceration facility usually have a very tight schedule, set to impose discipline. Like adult inmates, they work around the facility on tasks like cleaning and maintenance and may also perform other tasks. Many nations require that juveniles receive an education behind bars, and people may have a set number of hours of class each day. They can pursue......

Words: 1592 - Pages: 7


...Corrections Corrections Service is responsible for probation, parole, aftercare and adult institutional services throughout the Territories. The purpose of the Corrections Service is the correction and treatment of offenders and the protection of the community by: * providing, when requested by a court, information respecting the background of an offender before sentencing; * offering probation and parole supervision,  counselling and aftercare services to offenders; * providing for the safe custody and detention of inmates in a correctional centre; * providing supervision, treatment and training of inmates with a view to their rehabilitation; and * promoting and assisting programs designed to prevent and diminish crime within a community. The Corrections Service provides services for both adult and young offenders. These services are supervised by the Director of Corrections, and are undertaken by a staff of approximately 240 full time and casual employees in ten communities. Intermediate punishments are intended for selected criminals convicted of nonviolent crimes, low-level drug offenders, and probationers and parolees who have committed technical violations but no new crimes. Many of these offenders are currently serving time in prison. To accommodate differences in crimes and behavior, the middle rung punishments increase in severity and control as one mounts the ladder towards prison. Intermediate punishments typically have two parts: punishment and......

Words: 663 - Pages: 3


...polices, courts, and corrections. Each component will be defined according to the criminal justice system. Police are people that keep the community in peace with issues and are in charge of regulating the crime and affairs within their city limits. Each police force follow the same laws in there state. But in every city is different on how they enforce it and the leniency. Then you have the federal police agencies which would be the FBI, NSA, DEA, CIA, ATF, DHS, SS, and U.S. Marshals. They all do the same thing but they do it in higher law which deals with the Federal laws and there stand point. The Criminal Justice System is in place to enforce the law in a public order. Which it protects people from crimes and harm. The courts deal with people that have broken the law set in place of the system. Which are the offenders that go in and whatever they are being charged with the judge or the jury determine the sentence depending on what the case is. The courts also do more than that. They also help out with getting warrants and information for an arrest which then goes back on the police to do their job to bring the justice of peace. Corrections depends on the service of corrections you talk about because you have probation, parole, juvenile corrections, and social services. This area of people keep the offenders in line with things they have to do to meet requirements in order to go back in live like everyone else. Also the people that are in corrections also can have......

Words: 587 - Pages: 3


...Evolution of Corrections The history of punishment and the development of a system to detain offenders has evolved continuously over the centuries. The implementation of the Pennsylvania and Auburn system has set a foundation for the corrections system we use today. Having inmates perform labor during a prison sentence has contributed to the ongoing change over time of the prison system and in a way that has contributed to the rehabilitation of offenders. One might find it quite interesting to see how society and its evolution has greatly changed the system we use to punish offenders. History of Punishment Punishment for wrongful acts have dated back many centuries and could have began shortly after the beginning of the human race. One of the earliest know penal codes dates back to 1780 B.C. and is known as the Code of Hammurabi. This code was established by King Hammurabi during his reign of Old Babylon. The different types of punishment have changed greatly over the centuries. Punishments that were accepted by society in the early centuries are viewed as inhumane in our society today. The earliest responses to crime were brutal when compared to punishments in the society of the 20th century. Punishments such as torture, beatings, branding, and mutilation were accepted centuries ago. Although there are some countries that still accept some of these forms of punishment, most societies today would deem it inhumane. In today's society one is innocent until......

Words: 1195 - Pages: 5


...ßCorrections Review Questions Sept 22,2014 Corrections Imani Threalkill 1. How did the term corrections evolve from the earlier use of the term penology? Penology is the study of the use of punishment for criminal acts. Penology emphasized the principal function of implementing punishment in the handling of criminal offenders after their sentencing. Corrections are defined as the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and service for managing criminal offenders. 2. What is the mission of corrections? To protect society accomplished through a combination of surveillance and control of offenders, rehabilitative services, and incapacitation during the services of a prison sentence. 3. Describe the operation of the Walnut Street Jail as the first American prison. Walnut Street Jail was one of hard labor, strict discipline, religious study, and solitary and silent confinement. 4. Describe the differences in the Pennsylvania and the Auburn systems. The Pennsylvania System known as the separate and silent enforces inmates not to see or talk with each other meaning less production from inmates, which was very expensive to operate. More staff was needed. Impossible to keep inmates from talking. Only 2 states decided to keep this system (New Jersey & Rhode......

Words: 938 - Pages: 4


...I think that I prefer Montesquieu’s position on corrections and punishment. I think this because punishment should be done in moderation. It should not be done to one extreme or the other. If the punishment is too harsh, then it would be bad for that person. If it’s not harsh enough, then it would be bad for society. If the punishment is not consistent, then there’s no uniformity or transparency. I don’t believe the punishment should be done too public, as it was back in the day. Sure, it’s shaming and the person sometimes deserves it, however it’s not civil. Not everyone wants to see that kind of behavior. I also don’t think the punishment should fit to everyone’s happiness, because then the punishment may not fit the crime. For example, if the law fit the “an eye for an eye” mentality, then everyone would be fighting to have killers killed the same way they killed their victim. This violates so many morals and ethics, not to mention the Eighth Amendment. I just think that Montesquieu’s position fits mine almost perfectly, while the others are way off base. I think that currently, the consistency and transparency of the punishments to some crimes is off. For example, plea deals are taken into account to let them off easier than others are getting. I understand cooperation. I understand the want for bigger fish, so to speak, in the event that law enforcement is going after a mob boss, terrorist, or other major player. However, I do not understand some people getting 53......

Words: 812 - Pages: 4


...Running Head: Effectiveness of Juvenile Correctional Facilities Effectiveness of Juvenile Correctional Facilities: Juvenile Crime Kalah Jiggetts Criminal Justice Abstract This paper uses data on juvenile offenders released from correctional facilities in Florida to explore the effects of facility management type (private for-profit, private nonprofit, public state-operated, and public county-operated) on recidivism outcomes and costs. The data provide detailed information on individual characteristics, criminal and correctional histories, judge-assigned restrictiveness levels, and home zip codes—allowing us to control for the non-random assignment of individuals to facilities far better than any previous study. Relative to all other management types, for-profit management leads to a statistically significant increase in recidivism, but, relative to nonprofit and state-operated facilities, for-profit facilities operate at a lower cost to the government per comparable individual released. Cost- benefit analysis implies that the short-run savings offered by for-profit over nonprofit management are negated in the long run due to increased recidivism rates, even if one measures the benefits of reducing criminal activity as only the avoided costs of additional confinement. Since its beginnings in the mid-1980s, prison privatization in the United States has provoked several rounds of congressional hearings and hundreds of......

Words: 2393 - Pages: 10


...Corrections Branch Submitted by: Joseph Smith CRJ 201: Intro to Criminal Justice Instructor: Janice Bella Submitted on: 1 June 2015 In this paper, I will review the origins of the Corrections and how it helps us today with those who choose to commit crimes. I will also cover the basis of how Constitutional given rights are upheld within the prison system itself, and how the public is involved with the goings on within the prisons. According to the article Why State Prisons by W. David Ball, state prisons in 2012 held approximately 1.3 million people which is almost twice the amount of people in county jails and more than five times the federal prison populations. This number is only estimated to go up as the years go on if left unchecked. Also according to the article, California passed policy to reform their prison and jail population problems, their state prisons now only accept violent offenders and sexual predators rather than all types of felons, with the remaining criminal elements serving their time in local jails. The state prisons began to be overpopulated due to the government taking on more and more prisoners to use as labor (road crews, ditch digging, etc;) and granted the government a flow of surplus cash as a result. That helped the economies then......

Words: 2083 - Pages: 9


...Community corrections is a range of alternative punishments for nonviolent offenders. There are two basic community corrections models in the United States. In the first model, integrated community corrections programs combine sentencing guidelines and judicial discretion ("front-end") with a variety of alternative sanctions and parole and probation options. In the second model, some states have instituted programs in which correctional officials may direct already sentenced offenders into alternative sanction programs and parole and probation options ("back-end"). Both models are designed to help reduce prison overcrowding and are less expensive alternatives to prison. Widespread development of community correction programs in the United States began in the late 1970's as a way to offer offenders, especially those leaving jail or prison, residential services in halfway houses. The first state community correction programs began in Oregon, Colorado, and Minnesota as pilot projects with very little government-funded support. They diverted nonviolent offenders in selected pilot project areas from jails and state prisons into local alternative punishment programs. The programs were referred to as "front-end" sentencing because they allowed judges to sentence offenders to a community-based punishment rather than jail or prison. Rehabilitation programs were the preferred punishment option. In the late 1980's, prison systems across the country began experiencing serious......

Words: 1097 - Pages: 5


...Dan Sullivan Criminal Justice November 25, 2013 Massachusetts Corrections “The Massachusetts Department of Correction is responsible for operating the prison system of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts, US Massachusetts houses over 11,400 inmates (about 1,925 are serving life sentences) throughout 18 correctional facilities [2] and employs over 5,200 employees (about 4,000 of whom are correctional officers). The MA DOC also has a tactical unit, a fugitive apprehension unit, a gang intelligence unit, a K-9 team, a Special Reaction Team (SRT), and a Tactical Response Team (TRT). Both of these tactical units are highly trained and are paramilitary teams. The Massachusetts DOC is the largest law enforcement agency in the state of Massachusetts with a staff of 5,200, 4,000 of which are sworn officers. The agency is headquartered in Milford, Massachusetts and headed by Commissioner Luis S. Spencer” ("Massachusetts Department of Correction") “The Department provides a variety of religious services, which are supervised and coordinated by chaplain staff. Volunteer clergy and community churches assist chaplains in the provision of services. Chaplains provide regular religious services, religious education and pastoral care. In addition, chaplaincy services include Bible Study, Prayer Groups, Christian Fellowship, Christian Twelve Step, Parenting Groups, Family Religious Services, Religious Seminars and Holiday Observances. The Department recognizes that Chaplaincy Services are...

Words: 778 - Pages: 4


...rehabilitation programs Most modern initiatives in incarceration and imprisonment procedures suggest that increased expenditures on prisons rehabilitation and reintegration programs are needed to help reduce crime (Mackenzie D, L, 2006). Rehabilitation and reintegration programs in prisons can be very expensive, but they are a necessary tool in helping reducing inmates repeated antisocial behavior and recidivism. The purpose of rehabilitation and reintegration programs is to help offenders disentangle the layers self-perpetuating justification, defending and excusing of their behavior. These programs offer thinking and self-control interaction skills that inmates can use to change their behavior and cope with people and problems in their lives. Some “intervention also targets aspect about an offender that is thought to cause the offender’s criminality, such as his or her attitudes, cognitive processes, personality or mental health, social relationships to others, educational and vocational skills, and employment; these interventions are intended to make the offender less likely to break the law in the future,” (Cullen, T,. F, & Gendreau, P, 2000). The goal of these programs is to prevent the individual from repeating the same crimes. If they were to commit further crimes, the individual would represent an additional cost to society. Recidivism incurs substantial courts fees and related costs. It also means that the ex-prisoner would fail to return to society as a......

Words: 1484 - Pages: 6


...Development of Corrections In my opinion, I believe that before the 1800s women’s prisons happened to be very developed for the women that committed crimes and caused problems. Before the 1800s, in prisons there happened to be these types of devices that were used, which were called the Brank, and it was used to punish and control the women that happened to be outspoken women and the women that disobeyed their husbands. At this time, things happened to get very bad for women. Before the 1800 century, the type of punishment that was used for women happened to be given in many different forms which really caused problems during this time. Some of the women that happened to be serious offenders happened to be hung or even burned. Plus, there happened to be some women that were sold as slaves to others. Since then women’s prisons have changed completely. If they were to commit a crime they will be punished for it, but they will be punished in the proper way without violating their rights. A number of individuals happen to argue that the 1800 century and the early 1900 century happened to be a period in which the change of the juvenile criminals would have taken place. There were a lot of key features that were in the juvenile justice system which happened to cause tension between the systems of punishment and reformation, plus the separation of all of the juveniles from adults of the criminal justice system. I believe that if there wasn’t a difference between the......

Words: 421 - Pages: 2