Can the Spanish Parliament Introduce the Following New Article to the Spanish Penal Code: "Whoever Chews a Gum in a Public Place, Shall Be Punished with a Sentence of Imprisonment of Two Months to Six Months"

In: Other Topics

Submitted By Hermiona26
Words 832
Pages 4
Assignment 1:

Can the Spanish Parliament introduce the following new article to the Spanish Penal Code: "Whoever chews a gum in a public place, shall be punished with a sentence of imprisonment of two months to six months"

Vivian Mohr
Criminal Law I
BBA and LLB, IE University
29th January 2016
1. A commonly accepted definition of a crime is that it is any act or omission, which results in a punishment. Under this definition, public gum-chewing would become a crime as soon as the Parliament passed the law in question. Since this crime is a minor criminal act, it would be classified as a misdemeanor and not as a felony.

2. Since most of crimes fall into either a category of property crimes or violent crimes, we can intuitively understand why law prohibits certain acts. They represent danger for the public, as they can result in injury or damage. A crime of chewing a gum in a public place can be hardly justified with the same logic. The act is not particularly dangerous and, at worst, it can annoy other people (yet, society could not function properly if all irritating actions would be classified as crimes). A purpose of legislators could be keeping streets cleaner – many chew gums are spitted on the floor – but in that case, littering itself should be punishable, not merely the act of chewing. 3. Members of Parliament are elected in order to make new legislation, which can cover virtually any matter, as long as the law complies with the Spanish Constitution. However, decisions of the Parliament are democratically legitimate only if they reflect the will and opinion of the majority of population (in this case, it is hard to see why public would believe that public gum-chewing is a crime). 4. Article 10 of the Spanish Constitution states that the human dignity and the fundamental rights should be…...

Similar Documents

Spanish Inquisition

...The Spanish Inquisition In 1469, the marriage of Ferdinand V of Aragon to his cousin Isabella of Castile united the two most powerful provinces of Spain (Hauben, 23). During this time, Spain was becoming one of the wealthiest nations in the world. Much of Spain’s wealth was contributed by the Jewish population, which was very successful during this time period because of Christian church laws against usury, which is an illegal practice of charging unfair rates on loans. Prejudice against the Jews and strong feelings of anti-Semitism had also grown during this time, especially after a riot on Ash Wednesday (March 15,1391), started by a Spanish archdeacon named Martinez. Martinez called out to all Spanish citizens to “purge themselves of the filthy Jews”. Martinez incited his congregation to riot. The crowd moved enmasse towards the Juderia (Jewish quarter). Some of the participants were captured by the police and flogged or beaten, but that was not enough to stop the mob. Although they did not succeed that day to destroy the Jews, the feelings that Martinez had evoked lay simmering until June 6th when the mob sacked the Juderia of Seville. It is believed that the victims numbered in the hundreds, if not thousands (C. Roth, 1964). The estimated number of victims for the riot is said to be a little over one thousand. After this ordeal, a number of Jews, called conversos, professed themselves as Christians to escape persecution. Many Christians were questioning the validity of...

Words: 5419 - Pages: 22


...vocabGCSE 09 Spanish Vocabulary book Version- Draft 1 GCSE Spanish Edexcel GCSE in Spanish Edexcel GCSE 2009 Spanish Vocabulary Book Edexcel are pleased to oprovide this free vocabulary book freely to support learners following the the Edexcel GCSE 2009 Specification in Spanish. Please note: the most up to date version of this document is available on the Edexcel website and a definitive list of core vocabulary is available in the Edexcel Specification. Introduction This bilingual glossary has been produced to support you in your language learning and to help you prepare for the Edexcel GCSE. It features a revised minimum core vocabulary foundation level vocabulary (this has been expanded from the original one in the specification) as well as higher level vocabulary. English meanings, genders and irregular word endings are given and the vocabulary is listed both alphabetically and under the following Edexcel headings: High Frequency Language Verbs Adjectives Colours Adverbs Numbers Quantities Connecting Words Time Expressions Times Days of the Week Months of the Year Question Words Countries Continents Nationalities Areas/Mountains/Cities/Rivers Acronyms and Abbreviations Social Conventions Prepositions Listening and Reading Topics Out and About - Visitor Information, Basic Weather, Local Amenities, Accommodation, Public Transport, Directions Customer Services and Transactions - Cafes and Restaurants, Shops, Dealing with Problems Personal Information -......

Words: 22359 - Pages: 90

Juvenile Justice System in the New Era

...JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE NEW ERA S.No | Description | Page No. | 1. | Introduction | 3 | 2. | Historical background | 4 | 3. | Evolution of juvenile justice system I. Several unique feature characterized in early juvenile court II. English idea of providing separate system for juvenile offender III. The Reformatory schools | 5 | 4. | International concern I. Relevant Article from UN convention II. Movement of Juvenile justice in India | 7 | 5. | Indian legal Provision I. Constitution provision II. Penal provision III. Juvenile justices provision a. Reformatory school Act-1876 b. Children Act-1960 c. Juvenile justice Act-1986 IV. Juvenile justice(Protection and Care) Act-2000 | 10 | 6. | An Analysis I. Who is a juvenile in conflict with law II. Age of criminal responsibility and determination of juvenility III. Present conflict about the age | 14 | 7. | Indian Reformatory approach I. The Child Welfare Committee(CWC) II. The juvenile justices board III. Police IV. Probation Officer V. State government | 16 | 8. | At present- Extent of delinquency in India-NCRB Report | 18 | 9. | Root causation of increasing number of juvenile | 23 | 10. | Role of the society | 26 | 11. | Judicial efforts | 27 | 12. | Recommendation | 28 | 13. | Conclusion | 30 | Introduction 42% of our population is children; the problem of juvenile delinquency is not new but this seek our attention recently very much......

Words: 10255 - Pages: 42


...S310: Spanish Grammar and Composition Spring 2005 Instructor: ________________________________ Email: _______________________ Office: ____________ Office Hours: ______________________ Phone: __________________ Required materials: 1. Repase y escriba: Curso avanzado de gramática y composición, 4th edition, María Canteli Dominicis and John J. Reynolds. John Wiley and Sons, 2003 2. Workbook for Repase y escriba,4th edition 3. Coursepack: Spanish Grammar: A Quick Reference, David Wren 4. A good Spanish/English dictionary Course objectives: To review and strengthen your understanding and use of major concepts of Spanish grammar including grammatical tenses, the subjunctive, pronominal verbs, passive forms, prepositions, and subordination, among other grammatical points. In addition, culture-related readings in Spanish will provide you with opportunities to learn new vocabulary in context and to practice conversation by means of in-class discussions. You will also learn and practice the general guidelines of how to write a composition, including organization and structure, coherence, sentence structure, word choice, accentuation, etc. The class will be conducted in Spanish. Pre-requisite: S275, placement exam, or departmental permission. Note: This class is the equivalent of S311. If you have already taken S311, see your instructor. Daily preparation: Before class, carefully read and study the......

Words: 3596 - Pages: 15

Death Sentence

...days has changed its conscience towards a new penal jurisprudence in abolishing the capital punishment. This is to counter the plenary provisions of Article 5 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 and its protocol in 1989 where the State parties believed that abolition of death penalty should be in the scale of enhancement of human dignity and progressive development of human rights and recalling Article 3 of Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted on 10th December, 1948 as well as Article 21 of our Constitution.1 It can be judicially said “I don’t punish you for killing the man but so that the other cannot be killed.” That is, the chief aim of capital punishment is to make deterrent to others for same crime . Now this concept is having a new direction. The Supreme Court and High Courts in India interpret the cases before giving the death sentence as rarest of rare cases. The Court moves its eye also for other aspects of society. The landmark cases where death sentences were awarded in India are Ranga Billa case2, Indira Gandhi and Rajiv Gandhi Assassination case, Laxman Nayak case 3 and the lastly, it was awarded to Dhananjoy Chatterjee on 14th August, 2004 in connection with Hetal Parikh case of West Bengal after the Supreme Court affirmed the death sentence awarded by lower courts and President also refused to grant him pardon. In the year 2003, Government laid a bill in the Parliament which proposed to add a provision......

Words: 13513 - Pages: 55

Six Months

...If I were to find out that I only had 6 months left to live? That is something that most people would hope they don’t have to plan for. Me on the other hand, I am the kind of person that always thinks about the worst possible outcome of everything. Usually I will think of stuff like that situation while I am awaiting the results of a doctor’s visit. My father died young from Pancreatic Cancer, and it was the same way. He found out when he only had about a year left to live. My father was really sick really fast, so he didn’t really have a plan and I don’t think many people do. I don’t believe in making a real plan for my death because I am hoping that I can stay here as long as I can. But, in the case that I was to die in six month I would do the following. First, I would reassure that all of my life insurance policies and packages were up to date on who was getting what. After updating all of my insurance paperwork I would start lining out what bills got paid by what money coming from my insurance. I don’t want my family to be stressed over my bills at a time of grieving, so I would want to take care of that as much I can! After all of the paperwork junk is out the way, I would just want to spend time my family and friends as much as possible. I really don’t have a list of crazy stuff that I want to do before I go. I have always had it in plans to get married and have a great family and be happy. But, if I was to die in 6 months my plans would be shot. I am currently in a......

Words: 464 - Pages: 2


... Spanish 101-04: 5-units course CRN: 11555 Department: Modern Languages, Literatures & Phil. Term: Fall 2010 DISCLAIMER: The syllabus and calendar are a work in progress. Keep in close contact, by attending class regularly and checking Blackboard on a daily basis. Required texts: -- Donley, Benavides, Márquez. Aventuras Primer curso de lengua española, 3rd edition, Vista Higher Learning -- Aventuras Lab Manual/ Workbook/Video Manual. Vista Higher Learning, 3rd edition -- Supersite, Aventuras 3a edition, Vista Higher Learning (pass code comes with new textbook) Also recommended: (on line bilingual dictionary & thesaurus); (extra practice) Course Description: This course offers a beginning level of Spanish and forms a part of the SPAN 101, 102, and 103. SPAN 101 introduces Spanish language grammar, vocabulary, cultural information, oral practice, and writing. The weekly requirements include class meetings (Monday—Friday, or Monday/Wednesday/Friday), a visit to the language lab, daily homework and workbook and lab book assignments. You are allowed to bring food and beverages to class. Attendance is mandatory. Course objectives: During this quarter, the goal is for you to… -- Begin to talk in Spanish about yourself, your preferences, and interests; -- Read, write and understand enough Spanish to handle basic social situations and......

Words: 2108 - Pages: 9

Spanish Grammar

... BASIC SPANISH: A GRAMMAR AND WORKBOOK Basic Spanish: A Grammar and Workbook comprises an accessible reference grammar and related exercises in a single volume. This workbook presents 20 individual grammar points in realistic contexts, providing a grammatical approach that will allow students not already familiar with these terms to become accustomed to their use. Each unit is included on a graded basis beginning with the simpler aspects of Spanish grammar and proceeding to the more complex points. Grammar points are followed by examples and exercises selected to reinforce mastery of the topic. Basic Spanish provides an ideal introduction to the language, with insights into the Spanish-speaking peoples and their related cultures. For use in the classroom, or for the independent learner, this workbook enables readers to express themselves in a wide variety of situations. Features include: • authentic reading texts to encourage an understanding of Spain and Spanish-speaking countries • reference to Latin American usage where appropriate • full exercise answer key • glossary of grammatical terms Basic Spanish is the ideal reference and practice book for beginners and also for students with some knowledge of the language. Carmen Arnaiz and Irene Wilkie are both Senior Lecturers in Spanish and Linguistics at the University of the West of England, Bristol. Titles of related interest published by Routledge: Modern Spanish Grammar: A Practical Guide Juan......

Words: 38366 - Pages: 154

Civil Code of the Philippines

...INSTITUTE THE CIVIL CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES PRELIMINARY TITLE CHAPTER 1 Effect and Application of Laws Article 1. This Act shall be known as the "Civil Code of the Philippines." (n) Article 2. Laws shall take effect after fifteen days following the completion of their publication in the Official Gazette, unless it is otherwise provided. This Code shall take effect one year after such publication. (1a) Article 3. Ignorance of the law excuses no one from compliance therewith. (2) Article 4. Laws shall have no retroactive effect, unless the contrary is provided. (3) Article 5. Acts executed against the provisions of mandatory or prohibitory laws shall be void, except when the law itself authorizes their validity. (4a) Article 6. Rights may be waived, unless the waiver is contrary to law, public order, public policy, morals, or good customs, or prejudicial to a third person with a right recognized by law. (4a) Article 7. Laws are repealed only by subsequent ones, and their violation or non-observance shall not be excused by disuse, or custom or practice to the contrary. When the courts declared a law to be inconsistent with the Constitution, the former shall be void and the latter shall govern. Administrative or executive acts, orders and regulations shall be valid only when they are not contrary to the laws or the Constitution. (5a) Article 8. Judicial decisions applying or interpreting the laws or the Constitution shall form a part of the......

Words: 132759 - Pages: 532

Revised Penal Code

...AN ACT REVISING THE PENAL CODE AND OTHER PENAL LAWS Act No. 3815 December 8, 1930 The Revised Penal Code of the Philippines Preliminary Article — This law shall be known as "The Revised Penal Code." BOOK ONE GENERAL PROVISIONS REGARDING THE DATE OF ENFORCEMENT AND APPLICATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CODE, AND REGARDING THE OFFENSES, THE PERSONS LIABLE AND THE PENALTIES Preliminary Title DATE OF EFFECTIVENESS AND APPLICATION OF THE PROVISIONS OF THIS CODE Article 1. Time when Act takes effect. — This Code shall take effect on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and thirty-two. Art. 2. Application of its provisions. — Except as provided in the treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this Code shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its interior waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who: 1. Should commit an offense while on a Philippine ship or airship 2. Should forge or counterfeit any coin or currency note of the Philippine Islands or obligations and securities issued by the Government of the Philippine Islands;chan robles virtual law library 3. Should be liable for acts connected with the introduction into these islands of the obligations and securities mentioned in the presiding number; 4. While being public officers or employees, should commit an offense in the exercise of their functions; or 5. Should commit any of the crimes against national security......

Words: 45594 - Pages: 183


...stress on the accented syllable. Ga- to (ga is stressed) Can- tar (tar is stressed) A-yú-da-me (yu is stressed because of accent) 2. Saludos-Greetings Hola-(anytime)-Hello Buenos Días-Good Morning Buenas Tardes-Good Afternoon Buenas Noches-Good Night ¿Cómo estás tú? How are you? (informal –use with friends/peers) ¿Cómo está Ud.? How are you? (formal—use with elders/show respect) Tú- means you (singular & informal—use with friends and family) Usted is abbreviated as Ud. (pronounced oo-sted) –means you (singular & formal—use with people that are older, people you do not know, business situations, etc.) Bien-well Mal-poorly Así-así—so –so Más o menos—ok Muy bien-very well Muy mal—very poorly Terrible-terrible Very Important Words: Por Favor-please Gracias-Thank you. De nada.- You’re welcome Despedidas-Farewells Adiós-Good-bye Hasta Mañana-See you tomorrow. Hasta Luego.-See you later. Nos Vemos-See you soon. Hasta pronto—See you soon Personal Information: ¿De dónde eres?—Where are you from? (informal) ¿De dónde es él/ella/Ud?— Where is he/she/you (formal) from? Soy de + (place of origin). I am from (place of origin). El/Ella/Ud. es de + (place of origin). He/She/ You (formal) are from (place of origin). ¿Cuál es tu teléfono?—What is your phone number? ......

Words: 11113 - Pages: 45

Taxation Code

...REPUBLIC ACT NO. 8424 TAX REFORM ACT OF 1997 AN ACT AMENDING THE NATIONAL INTERNAL REVENUE CODE, AS AMENDED, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: SECTION 1. Short Title - This Act shall be cited as the "Tax Reform Act of 1997". SECTION 2. State Policy. – It is hereby declared the policy of the State to promote sustainable economic growth through the rationalization of the Philippine internal revenue tax system, including tax administration; to provide, as much as possible, an equitable relief to a greater number of taxpayers in order to improve levels of disposable income and increase economic activity; and to create a robust environment for business to enable firms to compete better in the regional as well as the global market, at the same time that the State ensures that Government is able to provide for the needs of those under its jurisdiction and care. SECTION 3. Presidential Decree No. 1158, as amended by, among others, Presidential Decree No. 1994 and Executive Order No. 273, otherwise known as the National Internal Revenue Code, is hereby further amended. NATIONAL INTERNAL REVENUE CODE OF 1997 AND ITS AMENDMENTS R.A. No. | TITLE | Date of Approval | Date of Effectivity | R.A. 8424 | The National Internal Revenue Code of 1997 | December 11, 1997 | January 1, 1998  | R.A. 8761 | An Act Imposing The Value-Added Tax on Certain Services Beginning January 1, 2001, Amending for......

Words: 93639 - Pages: 375

Cooperative Code

...Republic Act No. 9520 February 17, 2009 AN ACT AMENDING THE COOPERATIVE CODE OF THE PHILIPPINES TO BE KNOWN AS THE "PHILIPPINE COOPERATIVE CODE OF 2008" Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in Congress assembled: Section 1. Articles 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 of Chapter 1 on General Concepts and Principles of Republic Act No. 6938, otherwise known as the "Cooperative Code of the Philippines," are hereby amended to read as follows: CHAPTER I GENERAL CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES "ARTICLE 1. Title. - This Act shall be known as the "Philippine Cooperative Code of 2008". "ART. 2. Declaration of Policy.- It is the declared policy of the State to foster the creation and growth of cooperatives as a practical vehicle for promoting self-reliance and harnessing people power towards the attainment of economic development and social justice. The State shall encourage the private sector to undertake the actual formation and organization of cooperatives and shall create an atmosphere that is conducive to the growth and development of these cooperatives. "Toward this end, the Government and all its branches, subdivisions, instrumentalities and agencies shall ensure the provision of technical guidance, financial assistance and other services to enable said cooperatives to develop into viable and responsive economic enterprises and thereby bring about a strong cooperative movement that is free from any conditions that might infringe upon the......

Words: 23769 - Pages: 96


...Spanish Is A Romantic Language. Almost Everything Sounds More Romantic In Spanish Than In English, Don't You Think? On This Page You Can Learn The Vocabulary Of Love And Romance. Try Them Out On Someone Special. How To Say "Sweetheart" In Spanish In English We Call Our Loved Ones "Dear", "Honey" Or "Sweetheart". Here Are Spanish Words You Can Use To Express The Same Idea. Cariño - Dear Mi Amor - My Love Mi Vida - My Life Corazón - Heart Mi Reina/Rey - My Queen/King Tesoro - Treasure Querida/Querido - Dear Nena/Nene - Baby Muñeca - Doll Guapa/Guapo - Gorgeous Bonita - Pretty Novia/Novio - Girlfriend/Boyfriend Esposa/Marido - Wife/Husband Expressions Of Love Now That You Know How To Address Your Loved Ones, You Will Need A Few Handy Phrases To Make Them Feel Special. Spanish Has Two Verbs That Express Love: Amar And Querer. Generally Speaking, Amar Is Stronger And You Will Probably Only Use It With Your Spouse Or With Whomever You Are Romantically Involved. Querer Is More Affectionate And Less Passionate. You Can Use It With Your Friends And Family. There's A Famous Song By El Príncipe De La Cancion, José José, Called "Amar Y Querer" Which Explains The Difference Between The Two In A Highly Romanticized Way. Here Are The Lyrics. By The Way, Listening To Latin Songs And Studying The Lyrics Is A Great Way To Improve Your Spanish. I Love You - Te Quiero, Te Amo You're Beautiful - Eres Muy Bonita You're Handsome - Eres Guapo I'm Crazy......

Words: 3280 - Pages: 14

Labour Code

...Bangladesh Labour Act, 2006 Bangladesh Labour Act, 2006 (XLII of 2006) Section Content Page CHAPTER 1 PRELIMINARY 1. Short title, commencement and application 2. Definitions: (i) Retirement (ia) Partial disablement (ii) Manufacturing process (iii) Officer (iv) hours of week (v) Working journalist (vi) Workshop (vii) Factory (viii) adolescent (ix) mine (x) gratuity (x-a) tea plantation (xi) Retrenchment (xii) public utility service (xiii) Tribunal (xiv) Transmission machinery (xv) Trade union (xvi) Federation of trade unions (xvii) Discharge (xviii) Go-slow (xix) Day (xx) Code of civil procedure (xxi) Shop (xxii) Strike (xxiii) Seamen (xxiv) Executive committee (xxv) Settlement (xxvi) River Transport service (xxvii) Vessel (xxviii) Administrative worker (xxix) Shift (xxx) Dependant (xxxi) Establishment (xxxii) Group of establishments (xxxiii) Regulation (xxxiv) Maternity benefit 1 (xxxv) prime mover (xxxvi) Adult (xxxvii) Code of Criminal Procedure (xxxviii) Closed (xxxix)Dismissal (xL) Plantation (xli) Commercial establishment (xlii) Rule (xliii) Illegal strike (xliv) Illegal lock-out (xlv) Wages (xlvi)Arbitrator (xlvii) Chief Inspector (xlviii) Director of Labour (xlix) Employer (L) Machinery (Li) Vehicle (Lii) Collective bargaining agent (Liii) Relay (Liv) Registered Medical practitioner (Lv) Registered trade union (Lvi) Award (Lvii) Lock-out (Lviii) Lay-off (Lix) Power (Lx)......

Words: 67483 - Pages: 270