Black in Latin America

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Submitted By mnm24rs
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Black in Latin America: Haiti and the dominican Republic

1) How did Haiti and the Dominican Republic begin? What European countries influenced the development of these nations?
- Haiti and the Dominican Republic is an island with two countries of Hispaniola. Haiti makes up 1/3 of the island while the Dominican Republic makes up the rest of the 2/3 of the island. The Dominican Republic contains a mix blood of Afro-European population with the history of Spanish colonialism, while Haiti has African-caribbean population with the background of french colonialism. 2) What role did colonization have in the development of the concept of race in the Dominican Republic? What are the differences between the concept of race in Haiti and the Domincan Republic? What is the meaning of the term "Indio" in the Domincan Republic? How do Indios see the Haitians?
- In 1492, Christopher Columbus was a huge influence in the colonization of the Dominican Republic. The hispaniola island originally had the majority of the population of african americans. The colonization had a diversity of european and african mix. The Dominican Republic has more of a lighter skinned population whereas Haiti has more of a darker skinned population. People in the Dominican Republic describe individual races by blanco which means white and indio which means darker skinned. Indios reject Haiti and are in denial of african ancestry.

3) What is the role of the sugar cane industry in both countries? How did the change to cattle raising affect slavery in the Dominican Republic?
-The Dominican Republic is one of the largest sugar exporter in the world. The first sugarcane plantation was placed there in the 16th century. Haitian migrants take up about 90 percent of the sugarcane labor distribution. Cattle branching was common but farming was limited due to the amount of land.

4) How do…...

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