Bank Sentral

In: Business and Management

Submitted By AhmadWira
Words 3253
Pages 14
Bank Sentral

Pada dasarnya, bila dilihat dari istilah/namanya, bank sentral tidak dapat diartikan sebagai "bank" seperti pada bank umum. Dalam hal ini bank sentral memiliki konsepsi yang berbeda. Bank umum cenderung untuk berusaha menginvestasikan assets-nya dengan tujuan memaksimumkan profit. Di sisi lain, bank sentral sebagai bank milik pemerintah, adalah lembaga keuangan yang tidak bertujuan untuk memaksimumkan profit melainkan untuk mencapai tujuan tertentu seperti mencegah kegagalan yang dialami perbankan maupun bukan bank, kestabilan tingkat harga, kesempatan kerja dan akhimya pada pertumbuhan ekonomi. Dengan kata lain, bank sentral bertugas untuk melaksanakan fungsi-fungsi pemerintah karena, bank sentral adalah juga bagian dari pemerintah.

Perkembangan Bank Sentral

Berdasarkan sejarahnya, bank sentral bukanlah suatu lembaga yang sejak awal didirikan dengan tujuan untuk menjalankan fungsinya sebagai bank sentral. Sampai dengan awal abad ke-20 tidak ada konsepsi yang jelas mengenai central banking. Konsepsi tersebut baru terlihat kemudian setelah mengalami proses panjang dan hal tersebut bukan merupakan suatu proses yang sengaja diarahkan pada terbentuknya konsep central banking, sehingga tidak terdapat teknik yang sistematis dan konsisten ke arah terbentuknya bank sentral.

Di banyak negara yang lebih tua, perkembangan ke arah bank sentral tersebut dimulai dari adanya suatu bank yang secara bertahap, melaksanakan berbagai macam posisi, baik bersifat lembaga pemerintah, maupun non-pemerintah yang kemudian dikenal dengan nama bank sentral. Beberapa posisi/wewenang yang dimiliki lembaga tersebut antara lain: hak untuk mengeluarkan uang (partial monopoly), dapat bertindak sebagai banker dan agen pemerintah.. Bank yang memiliki posisi tersebut dikenal sebagai "bank of issue" atau "national bank". Dalam perkembangan selanjutnya, bank tersebut memperoleh…...

Similar Documents

Bank Xyz

...Implementation Plan Exhibits Conclusions References 2 4 4 4 5 5 5 6 I. Executive summary Rural Bank XYZ Inc., (XYZ) is a newly incorporated rural bank which started operations on 14 February 2010. It has seven branches located in the province of Pampanga and Bulacan. Majority stockholder is the Arroyo Family Group owning 99.7 percent of the voting stock. The Bankis classified as “Very High Risk” considering its extremely unsound financial condition and the various unsafe and unsound banking practices noted in the previous and latest general examination. Conservatorship under Section 29 of R.A. No. 7653 (The New Central Bank Act) can no longer be considered an option for XYZ, since its liabilities exceeded its realizable assets and the Bank’s continuance in business would involve probable losses to its depositors and creditors. II. Problem (Issue) statement XYZ, with head office located at San Fernando, Pampanga, is a newly incorporated rural bank which started operations on 14 February 2010 following the consolidation of the Rural Bank of ABC, Inc. and Rural Bank of DEF, Inc. It has seven branches, five of which are located in the province of Pampanga (Mexico, Masantol, Bacolor, San Simon and San Luis) while the other two are in the Province of Bulacan (Pandi and Marilao). Majority stockholder is the Arroyo Family Group owning 99.7 percent of the voting stock. The Bank is classified as “Very High Risk” considering its extremely unsound financial condition......

Words: 2000 - Pages: 8


...LESSON 14: CASH BOOK, PASS BOOK, BANK RECONCILIATION STATEMENT Dr. Jyotsna Sethi, Rekha Rani STRUCTURE 14.1 Introduction 14.2 Objectives 14.3 Cash Book 14.4 Types of Cash Book 14.4.1 Simple Cash Book 14.4.2 Two Column Cash Book 14.4.3 Three Column Cash Book 14.5 Petty Cash Book. 14.5.1. Imprest System of Petty Cash Book. 14.5.2 Advantages of Petty Cash Book 14.6 Pass Book 14.7. Bank Reconciliation Statement 14.7.1 Meaning 14.7.2. Causes for difference between Cash Book Balance and Pass Book Balance. 14.7.3. Need and importance of Bank Reconciliation Statement 14.7.4 Procedure for preparation of Bank Reconciliation Statement. 14.8. 14.9. Summary Glossary 14.10. Self Assessment Questions 14.11. Answer to check your progress 14.12. Further Readings 14.1. INTRODUCTION Every entrepreneur should have knowledge of cash book and pass book as from these books, he may check how much balance is available to him for meeting his expenses and liabilities and what are the details of receipts and payments of a particular period. With the details of payments it can be checked that whether the payments are of reasonable amount or not. If the expanses are unreasonably high he may take steps to control them. An 211 entrepreneur who regularly checks his cash and bank balances would never face problems like dishonor of cheques or cash crisis etc. Entrepreneur, who doesn’t distinguish between his revenue and profits, may spend all his receipts for his personal purposes......

Words: 3838 - Pages: 16

Bangko Sentral Ng Pilipinas History

...Creating a Central Bank for the Philippines A group of Filipinos had conceptualized a central bank for the Philippines as early as 1933. It came up with the rudiments of a bill for the establishment of a central bank for the country after a careful study of the economic provisions of the Hare-Hawes Cutting bill, the Philippine independence bill approved by the US Congress.During the Commonwealth period (1935-1941), the discussion about a Philippine central bank that would promote price stability and economic growth continued. The country’s monetary system then was administered by the Department of Finance and the National Treasury. The Philippines was on the exchange standard using the US dollar—which was backed by 100 percent gold reserve—as the standard currency.In 1939, as required by the Tydings-McDuffie Act, the Philippine legislature passed a law establishing a central bank. As it was a monetary law, it required the approval of the United States president. However, President Franklin D. Roosevelt disapproved it due to strong opposition from vested interests. A second law was passed in 1944 during the Japanese occupation, but the arrival of the American liberalization forces aborted its implementation.Shortly after President Manuel Roxas assumed office in 1946, he instructed then Finance Secretary Miguel Cuaderno, Sr. to draw up a charter for a central bank. The establishment of a monetary authority became imperative a year later as a result of the findings of the Joint......

Words: 1145 - Pages: 5

New Central Bank Act

...Central Bank Act (RA 7653) CHAPTER V  FUNCTIONS AS BANKER AND FINANCIAL ADVISOR OF THE GOVERNMENT ARTICLE II - THE MARKETING AND STABILIZATION OF SECURITIES FOR THE ACCOUNT OF THE GOVERNMENT A. THE ISSUE AND PLACING OF GOVERNMENT SECURITIES SECTION 117. Issue of Government Obligations. — The issue of securities representing obligations of the Government, its political subdivisions or instrumentalities, may be made through the Bangko Sentral, which may act as agent of, and for the account of, the Government or its respective subdivisions or instrumentality, as the case may be: Provided, however, That the Bangko Sentral shall not guarantee the placement of said securities, and shall not subscribe to their issue except to replace its maturing holdings of securities with the same type as the maturing securities. 117.1 Legislative History This is taken from Section 122 of Republic Act No. 265, with modification. Under RA No. 265, the issue of government securities by the Central Bank as fiscal agent of the Government was mandatory. In contrast, the use of the word “may” in Republic Act No, 7653 shows the intent to make the issue of such securities merely permissive and non-exclusive to the Bangko Sentral. ARTICLE II – REPUBLIC ACT NO. 265 CENTRAL BANK ACT OF 1948 Section 122. Issue of Government obligations. – The issue of securities representing obligations of the Government, its political subdivisions or instrumentalities, shall be made through the Central Bank,......

Words: 1541 - Pages: 7


...Different Modes of Investment of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited [pic] Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited Date of submission: 19th May, 2011 Different Modes of Investment of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited Kawran Bazar Branch and Its Performance Prepared By Student Declaration I hereby declare that report entitled Different Modes of Investment of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited Kawran Bazar Branch and Its Investment Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelors of Business Administration (BBA) Is my original work and not submitted for the award of any other Degree, Diploma Fellowship or other similar title or prizes ________________________________ Certification This is to certify that the internship Report titled Different Modes of Investment of Islami Bank Bangladesh Limited Kawran Bazar Branch and Its Investment Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) is approved and accepted in form and quality. ________________ ____________________ Supervisor ...

Words: 16295 - Pages: 66

Bank Umum Dan Jenis Jasa-Jasa Bank

...tentang Bank Umum dan Jenis Jasa Bank Umum. Tidak lupa pula shalawat serta salam selalu kami hadiahkan kepada junjungan alam Nabi Besar Muhammad saw yang telah membawa kita semua ke alam yang gelap menuju alam yang terang benderang yakni agama islam. Bank merupakan salah satu lembaga yang mempunyai kewenangan untuk menyimpan dan memberikan dana kepada masyarakat sesuai dengan peraturan yang telah ditetapkan oleh bank sentral dalam hal ini Bank Indonesia. Selain menghimpun dana masyarakat, bank juga mempunyai banyak produk jasa lain yang memberikan kemudahan bagi para nasabah untuk memanfaatkan jasa perbankan. Maka dari itu kami menyusun makalah ini yang mengambil topik tentang Bank Umum dan Jenis Jasa Bank Umum agar kita semua bisa mengetahui apa saja yang dilakukan bank selain menghimpun dan memberikan dana dari dan untuk masyarakat. Demikian pengantar yang bisa kami sampaikan, kami mohon maaf apabila ada banyak kesalahan yang ada dalam penyusunan makalah ini. Kami menerima segala bentuk kritik dan saran yang membangun demi kebaikan dan kemudahan kita bersama dalam menuntut ilmu lebih banyak lagi. Mataram, Februari 2011 Penulis DAFTAR ISI KATA PENGANTAR 1 DAFTAR ISI 2 BAB I PENDAHULUAN 3 BAB II PEMBAHASAN 5 BAB III PENUTUP 12 DAFTAR PUSTAKA 13 BAB I PENDAHULUAN 1. LATAR BELAKANG Bank......

Words: 2977 - Pages: 12

Bank can order from the bank. The financial institution promises to pay the exporting firm a specific amount on a specific date, at which time it recoups its money by debiting the importer’s account. A banker’s acceptance, or BA, works much like a post-dated check, which is simply an order for a bank to pay a specified party at a later date. The holder may choose to sell the BA for a discounted price on a secondary market, giving investors a relatively safe, short-term investment. BAs are frequently used in international trade because of advantages for both sides. Exporters often feel safer relying on payment from a reputable bank than a business with which it has little if any history. Once the bank verifies, or “accepts”, a time draft, it becomes a primary obligation of that institution. The importer may turn to a banker’s acceptance when it has trouble obtaining other forms of financing, or when a BA is the least expensive option. The advantage of borrowing is that it receives the goods and has the opportunity to resell them before making payment to the bank. Discounting the Acceptance To understand banker’s acceptances as an investment, it’s important to understand how businesses use them in global trade. Here’s one fairly typical example. An American company, Clear Signal Electronics, decides to purchase 100 televisions from Dresner Trading, a German exporter. After completing a trade agreement, Clear Signal approaches its bank for a letter of......

Words: 1068 - Pages: 5


...Direct losses the bank experienced The bank’s IT such as information about client record and business data, the bank‘s furniture, computers, and other equipments. The bank can sue the building owner for leasing unsafe premises because the owner declared too expensive to repair the building and building is very tall tower. 2- Indirect cost : the bank could not use the building, the bank inabilty to hold needed conferences and meetings there is a business loss and income loss,key employee loss, loss of costumer, the bank has expenses to recover office and business. The shuttle service cost for the bank. 3- In a maximum probable loss event arising from a tornado, identify the additional losses that you would expect. After the tornado damaged, the bank’s employees and officers had no access to it over the week. There might have been life loss in this case but there are no life losses. The building has glass windows. There is a huge possible for loss of business and daily life. Dallas, Texas located in the south and mostly time south states have Tornados and hurricane therefore people should be trained. In addition, they should be trained to stay away from glass windows. There might have been employee lost. Employee benefits and other cost related with employees and the bank. I believe training can reduce the cost. Such training for an earthquake San Francisco, earthquake training is given in the high school and elementary schools. Disability or temporary damaged would be......

Words: 333 - Pages: 2


...United Kingdom (UK) Company named NRB Community Bank which provides international recognition and credentials for fund raising and management as well as investing in Bangladesh. NRB Community Bank will focus on providing services to the High Net Worth (HNW) clients and Small & Medium Enterprises (SME) in the UK and from Bangladesh and will carry on other regulated retail bank activities as appropriate. The NRB Community Bank will go into a partnership arrangement with an existing retail bank and offer the banking services in a “white-label” arrangement where the NRB Community Bank will market and target the community in utilizing the retail banks products and services similar to what has been done by Tesco Bank and Sainsbury’s Bank. NRB Community Bank will make all the investments and acquire the retail customers from the target community and share the revenue with the retail bank partner. NRB Community Bank will be the first Bangladeshi commercial company formed and operating in the UK under the Financial Services Authority (FSA) regulations and fully transparent and accountable to the UK companies’ laws and compliances. The primary objective of the Company will be to service to the Non Resident Bangladeshis (NRB) in the UK and Europe and invest in portfolio of projects in Bangladesh that provides significant return to the investors and shareholders. NRB Community Bank will seek to provide investment products and retail bank services to the Non Resident Bangladeshi......

Words: 842 - Pages: 4


...Deposit-taking institutions that accept and manage deposits and make loans, including banks, building societies, credit unions, trust companies, and mortgage loan companies; • Insurance companies and pension funds; • Brokers, underwriters and investment funds. Functions of a Financial Institution: The functions of Financial Institutions are: • Financial institutions provide service as intermediaries of the capital and debt markets. • They are responsible for transferring funds from investors to companies in need of those funds. • Financial institutions facilitate the flow of money through the economy. To do so, savings a risk brought to provide funds for loans. Such is the primary means for depository institutions to develop revenue. Should the yield curve become inverse, firms in this arena will offer additional fee-generating services including securities underwriting, and pre. Regulation Structures of Financial Institutions: Financial institutions in most countries operate in a heavily regulated environment as they are critical parts of countries' economies. Regulation structures differ in each country, but typically involve prudential regulation as well as consumer protection and market stability. Some countries have one consolidated agency that regulates all financial institutions while other have separate agencies for different types of institutions such as banks, insurance companies and brokers. Countries that have separate agencies......

Words: 15567 - Pages: 63


...local private commercial banks. Electronic banking is one of the most demanded and latest technologies in banking sector. This paper tried to unearth the present status of electronic banking in banking sector in Bangladesh. Keywords: Electronic Banking, Bank, Bangladesh Introduction: In Bangladesh, multinational banks are operating for long besides our nationalized, private and specialized banks. However, much of the resulting research has concentrated on providing evidence of the association between consumers’ usage patterns of ATMs and their demographic profiles (Hood, 1979; Murphy, 1983) and, more recently, consumer psychographic profiles (Stevens et al., 1986). Besides, the banking services of nationalized, private, and multinationals are different by quality of their services. Multinational banks are offering better services than others. They offer better customer services, personal financial services, corporate facilities, trade services with the help of efficient operational department, credit department, information technology department and the most important department is the marketing department. Presently they are thinking to offer door-to-door services, 24 hours banking services with electronic banking, pay and cash management through internet services. Moreover, waiting to introduce intensive e banking of the multinational banks in Bangladesh. Customer always demands better services, security, and round the clock banking. Multinational banks are......

Words: 3626 - Pages: 15


...INTERNSHIP REPORT ON GENERAL BANKING ACTIVITIES OF PUBALI BANK LIMITED: A STUDY ON SADARGHAT BRANCH, DHAKA Prepared for Mr.Sheikh Md. Abdur Rahim Assistant Professor and Head Department of Real Estate and Department of Commerce Faculty of Business and Economics Daffodil International University Prepared by Rajib Dutta ID No.: 102-11-1571 th BBA 26 Batch(Major: HRM) Faculty of Business & Economics Daffodil International University Date of Submission: 7 December 2014 LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL 7 December 2014 Mr.Sheikh Md. Abdur Rahim Assistant Professor and Head Department of Real Estate and Department of Commerce Faculty of Business and Economics Daffodil International University Subject: Submission of the internship report. Dear Sir, It is my great pleasure to submit the Internship report entitled “General Banking Activities of Pubali Bank Limited: A Study on Sadarghat Branch,Dhaka’’. As per requirement of BBA, I have completed the Internship in Pubali Bank Limited. I have tried to exert all the knowledge that I gathered through my working with this branch of PBL. Working for three months (6th august to 6th November) in the Pubali Bank Limited, Sadarghat Branch helped me to fulfill the requirements of obtaining practical learning and subsequently prepare of this report. My internship in Pubali Bank Limited was a worthwhile experience and the exposure of such an organization would be valuable for me. Before facing the real business world...

Words: 8943 - Pages: 36


...LIST OF COOPERATIVE BANK * Agusan del Norte Cooperative Bank * Bataan Cooperative Bank * Camiguin Cooperative Bank * Capiz Settlers Cooperative Bank * Cooperative Bank of Agusan del Sur * Cooperative Bank of Aklan * Cooperative Bank of Aurora * Cooperative Bank of Benguet * Cooperative Bank of Bohol * Cooperative Bank of Bukidnon * Cooperative Bank of Bulacan * Cooperative Bank of Cagayan * Cooperative Bank of Camarines Norte * Cooperative Bank of Camarines Sur * Cooperative Bank of Cavite * Cooperative Bank of Cebu * Cooperative Bank of Davao del Sur * Cooperative Bank of Ilocos Norte * Cooperative Bank of Iloilo * Cooperative Bank of La Union * Cooperative Bank of Lanao del Norte * Cooperative Bank of Misamis Oriental * Cooperative Bank of Mountain Province * Cooperative Bank of Negros Oriental * Cooperative Bank of Cotabato * Cooperative Bank of Nueva Ecija * Cooperative Bank of Palawan * Cooperative Bank of Pampanga * Cooperative Bank of Quezon Province * Cooperative Bank of Surigao del Sur * [Cooperative Bank of Tarlac] * Cooperative Bank of Zambales * Cooperative Bank of Zamboanga del Norte * Cooperative Bank of Zamboanga del Sur * Countryside Cooperative of Batangas * First Isabela Cooperative Bank * Ilocos Sur Cooperative Bank * Leyte Cooperative Bank * Metro South Cooperative Bank * National Teachers and Employees Cooperative Bank * Occidental Mindoro Cooperative Bank * Samahang Nayon Cooperative Bank of Nueva Vizcaya *......

Words: 1925 - Pages: 8


... With a minimum subscription of RM5,000, the Fund has an approved fund size of 100 million units which is priced at RM1.00 per unit during the initial offer period. Distributed by CIMB Bank, CIMB Private Banking, CIMB Investment-Retail Equities, CWA and Citibank, the Fund is available for subscription until 9 March 2011. | CIMB Bank seals a deal with MATTA in providing foreign currency exchange service for travellers 04 August 2011 Kuala Lumpur: CIMB Bank today has signed a memorandum of understanding (MOU) with the Malaysian Association of Tour and Travel Agents (MATTA) in providing foreign currency exchange services for travellers, named Pick & Pack Currency Service. Endorsed by MATTA, travel agents registered with the Association can now sign up and become CIMB Bank authorised agents to provide foreign currency exchange services to their customers. A ceremony was held earlier this morning to commemorate the agreement. Signing on behalf of the Bank was Abdul Karim Md. Lassim, Deputy Head, Retail Financial Services, CIMB Bank and Dato’ Mohd Khalid Harun, President of MATTA. Commenting on the MOU sealed today, Karim said, “We are pleased to collaborate with MATTA in being the first bank to come up with such an innovative service. With 29 foreign currencies available to be exchanged at competitive rates, this service is designed for travel agents to be a one-stop tour and......

Words: 8133 - Pages: 33


...AmSouth Bank it is designed as a financial institution which is involved in borrowing and lending money. Banks take customer deposits in return for an annual interest payment. The function of the environment is that the bank that uses the majority of these deposits to lend to other customers for a variety of loans. The difference between the two interest rates is effectively the profit margin for banks. The floor plan of the AmSouth Bank is one you enter there are guards that greet. Than once you go inside of the banks there are tellers and armed guards (Bank Liability for Employee Parking and Safety) present at each entrance. There are cameras present at each intersection. When dealing with the different floor plans it makes it harder or easier to commit crime a crime at the AmSouth Bank. Some of the known common threats are when the bank is getting robbed or it depends on the floor plan. It has been times were bank tellers are put on the line because it is money being established inside of the building. That’s why every bank receives the necessary training every month to know how to be able to handle a siuation of robbery. A risk assessment for each threat –I would make sure every corner of the AmSouth Bank inside and out has the silent alarms installed. I would have them hooked up a way that once the alarm is triggered it be connected to law-enforcement immediately. I would make sure security guards are present at every entrance of the AmSouth......

Words: 1055 - Pages: 5