1. “Human Nature Is Bad.”-- Xunzi / "人之性惡." -- 荀子 Explain Why You Agree or Disagree with Xunzi's Statement.

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Human’s unspeakable history of savagery, murder and war – be it the Nazi genocide of six million Jews in World War II or the gang rape and murder of a mentally-challenged woman in India this year – appears to be in substantiation of Xunzi’s notion that human nature is bad. Nonetheless, there is no lack of incidents shedding light on the empathy, selflessness and righteousness of humans in such cases as the engineers on RMS Titanic discharging their duties till the very last moment of their lives or the three men succumbing to massive doses of radiation to save millions of others in Chernobyl. Human nature defined as our intuitive and automatic impulses as opposed to rational reflection based on conscious thoughts, our tendencies towards altruism point to the goodness of human nature, coupled with the external influence contributing to the bad behavior, thus refuting the statement that human nature is bad.
To commence with, the altruistic deeds performed for people in distress serve as corroboration of human nature being good. Despite the contention ventured by believers of the evil nature of human that altruism is disguised self-interest, such a claim is repudiated by innumerable and consistent instances of people helping others in jeopardy. The promptness exhibited in such decisions precludes the materialization of conscious weighing of costs and benefits, which would have otherwise forestalled the assistance rendered in traumatic events like the September 11 attacks. Instead of people trampling over one another for the earliest evacuation from the World Trade Center at others’ expense, what they did was give priority and care to the vulnerable ones – the pregnant and disabled. Such actions carried out by people in mortal danger illuminate the selflessness embedded in human, with no deliberation but instincts involved. Similar propensities for benevolence, even in…...

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